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Yet Another Opinion Piece Pushed Under The Notion Of Objective Journalism In The NY Times. Durham’s Investigation Into the Origins Of The “Russia Investigation” Might Actually Have Some Teeth....The Clintons Are Under Scrutiny

2020.09.24 22:04 Gingerroot966 Yet Another Opinion Piece Pushed Under The Notion Of Objective Journalism In The NY Times. Durham’s Investigation Into the Origins Of The “Russia Investigation” Might Actually Have Some Teeth....The Clintons Are Under Scrutiny

The NY Times had another opinion piece trotted out as objective journalism today.
The full article is copy and pasted at the end of this post.
As someone who closely followed the “Russia hysteria” since late 2016 I wasn’t expecting much from John Durham’s investigation into the origins of the “Russia investigation.” Durham was the one who investigated the CIA and its torture tapes and criminal activities for years only to capitulate and to let the CIA off the hook, even after the CIA and then head of the CIA John Brennan was caught spying on the US Intelligence Committee in an attempt to control the narrative. John Brennan lied before Congress, on video, and has never been prosecuted. And who is the current head of the CIA? Gina Haspel, the very person who personally illegally destroyed all of the CIA’s torture tapes.
In this NY Times article you can see in plain sight one of the tactics the MSM employs, framing the narrative and putting the potential reader into a desired perspective based on opinions and anything but just the facts, mam.
From the article: “From the beginning, John H. Durham’s inquiry into the Russia investigation has been politically charged.
Has it or is that how you are attempting to frame it now since it looks like Durham might actually do something, unlike with his investigation into CIA torture?
President Trump promoted it as certain to uncover a “deep state” plot against him, Attorney General William P. Barr rebuked the investigators under scrutiny, and he and Mr. Durham publicly second-guessed an independent inspector general and traveled the globe to chase down conspiracy theories.
Barr and Durham released statements public about the Inspector General’s Report—which revealed clear bias and illegality within the “Russia investigation” and in how FISA warrants were obtained and renewed—and stated that they had more power than the Inspector General had in order to obtain documents and subpoena and tap into intelligence. The Inspector General didn’t and doesn’t have the power that John Durham has to interview overseas intel assets and to procure documents from intelligence agencies, at home and abroad. They made it clear that they had found substantially more than the Inspector General had because of that power. That’s all.
And how can one frame Durham and Barr going overseas to look into Joseph Misfud as chasing “conspiracy theories” when the findings and evidence and conclusion of the investigation has yet to be settled? The FBI used Misfud to in an attempt to entrap George Papadopoulos—by supposedly telling him that potential dirt and emails on Hillary Clinton were available—along with another asset of theirs, Alexander Downer, who then inquired if Papadopoulos had heard about any potential damaging info about the Clintons that Papadopoulos had heard about. The FBI used Misfud to feed Papadopoulos the bare bones info and then used Downer to get said info out of Papadopoulos, in order to give the appearance that Papadopoulos had real info and was working with the Russians. Then the FBI attempted to further seal the deal by throwing money at him and then waiting for him to land at an airport in the US when Papadopoulos reentered the country, expecting him to have the money on him, thus getting him on tax evasion and money laundering. Instead he had left the money overseas with his lawyer.
The FBI had nothing on Papadopoulos and yet what did they finally get him on? Misremembering the exact day of the week that he had met with Misfud. That’s it.
The exact same level of entrapment was attempted with the now infamous “Trump Tower Meeting” in summer of 2016 with Don Jr and others with a Russian lawyer, who come to find out was only allowed into the US because Obama’s State Department gave her a pass in order to do so. The same lawyer from Russia who had worked for years previously with Fusion GPS, the same firm tasked and paid for through lawyers by the DNC and Clinton Campaign to gather dirt on the Trump Campaign. The same lawyer who met with the head of Fusion GPS, Glenn Simpson, the day BEFORE and the day AFTER the infamous “Trump Tower Meeting.” The same Fusion GPS which was paying a former UK spy, Christopher Steele, to manufacture the “Trump Dossier.”
But now we know that in January 2017 the FBI knew that Steele’s main source for the info in the Dossier discredited it and that Misfud in a February 2017 interview with the FBI stated that he never discussed anything about emails or Hillary Clinton with Papadopoulos. We now know that the FBI in 2017 had doctored emails sent to them by the CIA which stated that Carter Page had worked with the CIA as an intel asset for years, all in order to keep the FISA warrant on Page alive. The person in the FBI who doctored the emails in order for the FISA warrant to be renewed just pleaded guilty.
And ZERO of the above are conspiracy theories but verifiable fact.
In the Russia investigation, F.B.I. officials did take aggressive steps such as obtaining a secret wiretap to eavesdrop on a former Trump adviser. But they also moved quietly, deploying informants and an undercover agent in part to keep the existence of the investigation from becoming public and affecting the 2016 election.
From 2017 to 2019 those in the MSM vehemently denied any and all assertions that spies and assets were used against the Trump Campaign. Now they quietly admit it and attempt to brush it aside as routine.
Mr. Barr has repeatedly attacked the Russia inquiry as Mr. Durham has investigated it, calling it “one of the greatest travesties in American history” and ignoring a policy that generally prohibits the department from making public statements about current investigations.
I’m not a fan of Barr but what he said rings true. I was a Bernie Sanders supporter in 2016 and this year. I decried police and the feds beating back protestors and journalists from the front of the White House so Trump could walk across the street for a photo op in front of a church. I didn’t vote for Trump and honestly don’t like him. But the truth is the truth regardless of political leanings.
The then current White House and political party in power using the state surveillance apparatus to spy and entrap the other political party’s campaign is a travesty. Obama wanted to stand there during the inauguration with a big smile on his face knowing that he was walking out the door while sticking a foot out to trip up the next person walking in.
But the book caught the attention of F.B.I. agents, who viewed some of its contents as additional justification to obtain a subpoena for foundation records.
Top officials in Justice Department criminal division denied a request in 2016 from senior F.B.I. managers in Washington to secure a subpoena, determining that the bureau lacked a sufficient basis for it and that the book had a political agenda, former officials said. Some prosecutors at the time felt the book had been discredited.
The decision frustrated some agents who believed they had enough evidence beyond the book, including a discussion that touched on the foundation and was captured on a wiretap in an unrelated investigation. Other F.B.I. officials at the time believed the conversation’s relevance to the foundation case was tenuous at best.
🤔
Now that the Clintons are back in the crosshairs the propaganda and opinion pieces pushed as objective journalism are ratcheting up. It started with Obama’s former Attorney General Eric Holder’s op-ed in the Washington Post at the end of last year, sending veiled threats Durham’s way.
Will Durham bend the knee like he did with his investigation into CIA torture? Is Barr just the government’s “cleanup man” like Harvey Keitel’s character in Pulp Fiction and he’s just leading Trump on?
The full NY Times article to save people from the click and visiting the website:
In Politically Charged Inquiry, Durham Sought Details About Scrutiny of Clintons
John Durham’s team has sought information about the F.B.I.’s handling of the Clinton Foundation investigation, raising questions about the scope of the prosecutor’s review.
WASHINGTON — From the beginning, John H. Durham’s inquiry into the Russia investigation has been politically charged. President Trump promoted it as certain to uncover a “deep state” plot against him, Attorney General William P. Barr rebuked the investigators under scrutiny, and he and Mr. Durham publicly second-guessed an independent inspector general and traveled the globe to chase down conspiracy theories.
It turns out that Mr. Durham also focused attention on certain political enemies of Mr. Trump: the Clintons.
Mr. Durham, the U.S. attorney in Connecticut assigned by Mr. Barr to review the Russia inquiry, has sought documents and interviews about how federal law enforcement officials handled an investigation around the same time into allegations of political corruption at the Clinton Foundation, according to people familiar with the matter.
Mr. Durham’s team members have suggested to others that they are comparing the two investigations as well as examining whether investigators in the Russia inquiry flouted laws or policies. It was not clear whether Mr. Durham’s investigators were similarly looking for violations in the Clinton Foundation investigation, nor whether the comparison would be included or play a major role in the outcome of Mr. Durham’s inquiry. The approach is highly unusual, according to people briefed on the investigation. Though the suspected crimes themselves are not comparable — one involves a possible conspiracy between a presidential campaign and a foreign adversary to interfere in an election, and the other involves potential bribery and corruption — and largely included different teams of investigators and prosecutors, Mr. Durham’s efforts suggest the scope of his review is broader than previously known.
Mr. Durham’s focus on the Clinton Foundation inquiry comes as concerns deepen among Democrats and some former Justice Department officials that his investigation is being weaponized politically to help Mr. Trump. Congressional Democrats last week called on the department’s inspector general to investigate whether Mr. Durham’s review was free from political influence after his top aide abruptly resigned, reportedly over concerns that the team’s findings would be prematurely released before the election in November.
The Clinton Foundation investigation began about five years ago, under the Obama administration, and stalled in part because some former career law enforcement officials viewed the case as too weak to issue subpoenas. Ultimately, prosecutors in Arkansas secured a subpoena for the charity in early 2018. To date, the case has not resulted in criminal charges.
Some former law enforcement officials declined to talk to Mr. Durham’s team about the foundation investigation because they felt the nature of his inquiry was highly unusual, according to people familiar with the investigation. Mr. Durham’s staff members sought information about the debate over the subpoenas that the F.B.I. tried to obtain in 2016 and have also approached current agents about the matter, but it is not clear what they told investigators.
A spokesman for Mr. Durham declined to comment.
“The Clinton Foundation has regularly been subjected to baseless, politically motivated allegations, and time after time these allegations have been proven false,” the foundation said in a statement. Right-wing news media and prominent Republicans have long promoted a narrative that the F.B.I.’s leadership and the Justice Department under the Obama administration were biased in favor of Hillary Clinton. They have accused agents and prosecutors of aggressively investigating Mr. Trump and his associates — ignoring evidence to the contrary — while moving more cautiously on allegations of corruption at the Clinton Foundation and Mrs. Clinton’s use of a private email server to conduct government business while she was secretary of state.
“There was a clear double standard by the Department of Justice and F.B.I. when it came to the Trump and Clinton campaigns in 2016,” said Senator Lindsey Graham of South Carolina, the Republican chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee and a staunch supporter of Mr. Trump.
In the Russia investigation, F.B.I. officials did take aggressive steps such as obtaining a secret wiretap to eavesdrop on a former Trump adviser. But they also moved quietly, deploying informants and an undercover agent in part to keep the existence of the investigation from becoming public and affecting the 2016 election.
Mr. Barr has repeatedly attacked the Russia inquiry as Mr. Durham has investigated it, calling it “one of the greatest travesties in American history” and ignoring a policy that generally prohibits the department from making public statements about current investigations. Mr. Barr’s statements have raised hopes among the president’s supporters that Mr. Durham will unearth evidence of a plot to sabotage Mr. Trump’s campaign and presidency.
So far, only one person has been charged with criminal wrongdoing: Kevin E. Clinesmith, a former F.B.I. lawyer who pleaded guilty to altering an email that investigators relied on to renew an application for a secret wiretap on the former Trump campaign adviser Carter Page.
The president and his Republican allies have tried to cast the Clinton Foundation, a philanthropic organization, as corrupt, accusing Mrs. Clinton of taking steps as secretary of state to support the interests of foundation donors. Critics have suggested that she was part of a quid pro quo in which the foundation received large donations in exchange for supporting the sale of Uranium One, a Canadian company with ties to mining stakes in the United States, to a Russian nuclear agency. The deal was approved by the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States when Mrs. Clinton was secretary of state under President Barack Obama and had a voting seat on the panel.
The allegations against Mrs. Clinton were advanced in the book “Clinton Cash,” by Peter Schweizer, a senior editor at large at Breitbart News, the right-wing outlet once controlled by Mr. Trump’s former top aide Stephen K. Bannon. The book contained multiple errors, and the foundation has dismissed its allegations.
But the book caught the attention of F.B.I. agents, who viewed some of its contents as additional justification to obtain a subpoena for foundation records.
Top officials in Justice Department criminal division denied a request in 2016 from senior F.B.I. managers in Washington to secure a subpoena, determining that the bureau lacked a sufficient basis for it and that the book had a political agenda, former officials said. Some prosecutors at the time felt the book had been discredited.
The decision frustrated some agents who believed they had enough evidence beyond the book, including a discussion that touched on the foundation and was captured on a wiretap in an unrelated investigation. Other F.B.I. officials at the time believed the conversation’s relevance to the foundation case was tenuous at best.
The disagreement erupted anew later in the summer of 2016, when a top Justice Department official suspected that F.B.I. agents in New York were trying to persuade federal prosecutors in Brooklyn to authorize a subpoena after the department’s criminal division officials in Washington had declined such a request. By the time the F.BI. officials revisited the issue, the Justice Department officials were also concerned that serving subpoenas would violate the practice of avoiding such investigative activity so close to an election.
Ultimately, the Clinton Foundation dispute embroiled Andrew G. McCabe, then the F.B.I. deputy director, who was accused of leaking information about the case to a reporter and later lying about it to the Justice Department inspector general. The episode helped prompt Mr. McCabe’s firing in 2018 and a failed effort by the Justice Department to prosecute him. The foundation case — which had been spread among F.B.I. field offices in New York, Los Angeles, Washington and Little Rock, Ark. — sputtered until Mr. Trump was elected. In early 2018, Patrick C. Harris, a career prosecutor in Little Rock, issued a grand jury subpoena for foundation records, two former law enforcement officials familiar with the investigation said.
A foundation official confirmed that the charity was served with a subpoena and complied with the request for information.
Republicans in 2017 had called for a second special counsel to investigate the foundation, but Rod J. Rosenstein, then the deputy attorney general, did not believe the scant evidence collected in the case justified one, a person familiar with the matter said. Instead, Jeff Sessions, the attorney general at the time, asked John W. Huber, the U.S. attorney in Utah, to review whether federal law enforcement officials had fully investigated the matter.
Shortly after Mr. Durham began his review, Mr. Barr said in an interview with CBS News in May 2019 that Mr. Huber was winding down his work related to Mrs. Clinton. In January, The Washington Post reported that Mr. Huber’s investigation had ended; its findings were not made public. Mr. Trump later attacked Mr. Huber, accusing him of doing “absolutely NOTHING.”
submitted by Gingerroot966 to conspiracy_commons [link] [comments]


2020.09.24 20:15 normancrane Iris [2/3]

Part 1
Part 2 <-- You are here.
Part 3
Kurt Schwaller, the foremost theoretical physicist of his time and renowned discoverer of the theory of everything, committed suicide at the age forty-two in the humble bedroom of his Swiss home by swallowing sleeping pills. As far as suicides go, it was graceful and considerate. His husband found him peacefully at rest. He left behind no research, no reports and no working hard drives. He was not terminally ill. He died with his boots off but his computer on, and exactly six hours after his death the computer executed its final chronjob, posting a suicide note to his Facebook page. The note was short and cryptic, and the way in which it spoke so purposefully from beyond the grave unnerved me. It ended: “Like Edith Piaf, I regret nothing. This was not inevitable.” Whether he meant his suicide or something more remained unclear.
“Who’s Kurt Schwaller?” Greta asked.
“He was a very smart scientist,” Jacinda said.
The monitor on the wall was playing Spirited Away. Nobody in the room asked the question that was on everybody’s mind. The internet condensed into a cluster of theories, before exploding as a hysterics of trolling and contradictory evidence. Depending on who was speaking, Kurt Schwaller had either been depressed for years or was the most cheerful person in the world. He simultaneously regretted discovering the theory and considered it the best means of keeping human life sustainable. His death was suspicious, tragic, commendable, prophetic. Some said good riddance. Others said their goodbyes. Yet, as a species, we never quite shook the gnawing belief that he indeed knew something that we didn’t, and that that knowledge was what killed him. His mind may have been as hermetically sealed as the wombs of the women around us, but in his death we sensed our own foretold. I was relieved I didn’t have a daughter to explain that to.
By April 15, no opossums had given birth. By itself that’s not a troubling fact. However, the average gestation period of an opossum is 12 to 13 days. Hamsters, mice and wombats follow with gestation periods of around 20 days, then wombats, chipmunks and squirrels. No recorded births of any of these species occurred in April. Physically, their females looked pregnant but that was as detailed as it got: “The specimens display the ordinary symptoms of pregnancy, but they are displaying them in excess of their expected due dates, although they do remain healthy and function comparatively well to their male counterparts.” My wife and I developed a fascination with a particular family of opossums in Ohio that we watched daily via webcam. We gave them names, we pretended to be their voices. Our opossums had adventures, family squabbles and bouts of stress at work. The daughter, Irene, was rebellious. The son, Ziggy, was a nerd. The dad, whom we dubbed Monsieur Charles, sold insurance and the mom, Yvette, worked as stay-at-home technical support for Amazon. We realized right away that we were already preparing for the storytelling phase of parenthood, but we didn’t stop. As uncertain as the future was, the preparation for it was ours and we enjoyed doing it together. Nothing would take that away from us. When I touched my wife’s body in the shower and pressed the palm of my hand against her tummy, it felt no different than it had felt a month before. There was no hardness, no lumps. It seemed unreal that somewhere beneath her skin, for reasons unknown, her body had produced a substance that was impervious to diamond saw blades and precision lasers—a substance that, at least if you believed the rumours, the Russians were already trying to synthesize to use as tank plating.
For the rest of April it rained. Streaks of water ran crookedly down windowpanes, following the laws of physics but just barely. If you stared long enough at the wet glass you forgot there was anything behind it. Eventually, all you saw was your own distorted reflection. I liked when my wife put her arms around me from behind and pressed her chest against my back. I didn’t feel alone.
Pillow started to show her pregnancy in May. The World Health Organization also amended its initial communique, stating that based on the evidence regarding the prolonged gestations of other mammals, it was no longer able to predict an influx of human births in late December. If mice and gerbils weren’t birthing as predicted, humans might not either. However, the amendment stated, preparations were still proceeding along a nine month timeline, and they were ahead of schedule. When the BBC showed field hospitals in South Sudan, I wondered what the schedule entailed because the images were of skeletal tent-like buildings that despite their newness already had the aura of contamination. My wife said it was naive to expect the same medical standards in developing countries as in developed ones. Perhaps she was right. The BBC repeated the platitude that there wasn’t enough money for everyone, listed the foreign aid and private funds that had come in, and interviewed a tired young doctor who patiently answered questions while wiping sweat from his eyebrows. The United States Supreme Court issued an injunction against the New York Time’s theory of everything evaluation website based on a barrage of challenges from corporations that claimed the website violated their intellectual property. Another website sprang up overnight in Sweden, anonymous and hosted from compact discs. Salvador Abaroa announced a free Tribe of Akna gathering at Wrigley Field. Bakshi called. He and Jacinda had argued, and she’d taken Greta and their car and driven to the gathering in Chicago. We watched it on television. Salvador Abaroa banged his gong and advanced his theories. The world was made of squiggles, not lines, and all this time we’d only been approximating reality in the way an mp3 file approximates sound waves, or the way in which we approximate temperature, by cutting it into neat and stable increments that we mistake as absolutes. Zurich opened its arms for Kurt Schwaller’s funeral, which was interrupted by a streaker baring the logo and slogan of a diaper company. Police tackled the streaker and—for a moment—the mourners cheered. Later, an investigation of Kurt Schwaller’s Dropbox account performed in the name of international security revealed that he had deleted large amounts of files in the days leading up to his suicide. The Mossad, Bakshi told me, had been secretly monitoring Kurt Schwaller for at least the past two years because of his Palestinian sympathies and were now piecing together his computer activities by recreating his monitor displays from the detailed heat signatures they’d collected. The technology was available, Bakshi assured me. It was possible. I was more worried when Ziggy the Ohioan opossum injured his left leg. “Oh my God, what happened?” Yvette asked when she saw his bandaged limb. “You told me to be more physically active, so I tried out for the soccer team, mom,” he answered. “Did you make the team?” My wife’s breath smelled like black coffee. “No, but I sure broke my leg.” After pausing for some canned laughter, Yvette waddled obligingly toward Ziggy. “Well, you should at least have some of my homemade pasta,” she said. I made eating noises. “Do you know why they call it pasta, mom?” My wife turned from the monitor to look at me. “I don’t,” she said in her normal voice. “Because you already ate it,” I said. We laughed, concocted ever sillier plot lines and watched the webcam late into an unusually warm May night.
In June, I returned to work and Pillow joined the list of pregnant mammals now past their due dates. She ate and drank regularly, and other than waddling when she walked she was her old self. My wife started to show signs of pregnancy in June, too. It made me happy even as it reinforced the authenticity of the coming known unknown, as a former American Secretary of Defense might have called it. My wife developed the habit of posing questions in pairs: do you love me, and what do you think will happen to us? Am I the woman that as a boy you dreamed of spending your life with, and if it’s a girl do you hope she’ll be like me? Sometimes she trembled so faintly in her sleep that I wasn’t sure whether she was dreaming or in the process of waking. I pressed my body to hers and said that I wished I could share the pregnancy with her. She said that it didn’t feel like it was hers to share. She said she felt heavy. I massaged her shoulders. We kept the windows open during the day and the screen mesh out because the insects that usually invade southwestern Ontario in late May and early June hadn’t appeared. Birds and reptiles stopped laying eggs. We luxuriated in every bite of pancake that we topped with too much butter and drowned in maple syrup. We talked openly with our mouths full about the future because the world around us had let itself descend into a self-censoring limbo. The opossum webcam went dark. Bakshi dropped by the apartment one night, unannounced and in the middle of a thunderstorm. There was pain on his face. “What if what Kurt Schwaller meant was that fate was not inevitable until we made it so,” he said, sobbing. “What if our reality was a series of forking paths and by discovering the theory of everything we locked ourselves forever into one of them?” Jacinda had left him. “You’ll get her back,” I said. My wife made him a cup of tea that he drank boiling hot. He put down the cup—then picked it up and threw it against the wall. “I’m sorry,” he said. “I just wanted to see if I could do something that I didn’t really want to do.” I bent down to pick up the broken pieces of porcelain. “You’ll get her back, Bakshi,” my wife said. Rain dripped onto our table from the ends of his black hair. “I don’t think so. I think we’re locked in and Kurt Schwaller took the only way out there is.” We didn’t let him go home. We discretely took all the knives from the kitchen and hid them in our bedroom, and did the same with the medicine in our bathroom, and Bakshi slept on our sofa, snoring loudly. He was still sad in the morning but felt better. We ate scrambled eggs, knowing that unless chickens started laying them again we were having a nonrenewable resource for breakfast.
Time was nonrenewable. My wife and I tried to take advantage of each second. But for every ten things we planned, we only did one. Our ambitions exceeded our abilities. On some days we were inexcusably lazy, lying in bed together until noon, and on others we worked nonstop at jobs like painting the walls, which later seemed insignificant. We considered leaving the city when the smog got too thick and renting a cottage in the country but we didn’t want to be without the safety of the nearness of hospitals and department stores. When we were scared, we made love. We ate a lot. We read short stories to each other. Outside our apartment, the world began to resemble its normal rhythms, with the exception that everywhere you went all the women were visibly pregnant. Some tried to hide it with loosely flowing clothes. Others bared their bellies with pride. I flirted with a supermarket cashier with an Ouroboros tattoo encircling her pierced belly button. After she handed me my change I asked her if she’d had it done before or after March 27. “Before,” she said. “What does it mean?” I asked. “That people have been making up weird shit for a long time and we’re still fucking here.” In Pakistan, the United Nations uncovered a mass grave of girls killed because they were pregnant—to protect the honour of their families. When I was a kid in Catholic school, my favourite saint was Saint Joseph because I wanted to love someone as much as he must have loved Mary to believe her story about a virgin birth.
On July 1, we subduably celebrated Canada Day. On July 4, my wife shook me awake at six in the morning because she was having back spasms and her stomach hurt. She got out of bed, wavered and fell and hit her head on the edge of a shelf, opening up a nasty gash. I helped her to the bathroom sink, where we washed the wound and applied a band-aid. She tried throwing up in the toilet but couldn’t. The sounds of her empty retching made me cold. The cramps got worse. I picked her up and carried her out of the apartment—Pillow whined as I closed the door—and down to the underground garage, where I helped her into the back seat of our car. Pulling out into the street, I was surprised by the amount of traffic. It was still dark out but cars were already barrelling by. On Lake Shore, the traffic was even worse. I turned on the radio and the host was in the middle of a discussion about livestock, so I turned the radio off. Farther in the city foot traffic joined car traffic and the lights couldn’t have changed more slowly. Out of the corner of my eye, I saw women collapsing on the sidewalks, clutching their stomachs. I kept my eyes ahead. At a red light, a black woman kept banging on the passenger’s side door until I rolled down the window. She asked if she could get a ride. I asked to where. “To the hospital, where else?” she said in sing-song Jamaican. I let her in and at the green light stepped as heavily on the gas as I could. In the back seat, my wife’s eyes were barely open. The Jamaican woman was in better shape. Noticing my concern, she said, “Don’t worry yourself none. I was like that this morning, too, but I’m better now. It comes and then it goes.” I was still worried. The streets around the hospital were packed with parked cars, but I found a spot by turning the wrong way up a one way street. The wheel hit the curb. I got out. The Jamaican woman helped me with my wife, and the three of us covered the distance from the car to the hospital in minutes. Ambulance sirens wailed close by. I heard the repetitive thump of helicopter blades. I glanced at my watch. 7:24. In the hospital, the hallways and waiting room were packed. There was standing room only. I left my wife leaning against a sliver of wall and ran to the reception desk. The Jamaican woman had disappeared. When I opened my mouth to speak, the receptionist cut me off: “Just take a seat, Mister, same as everybody else. Stay alert, stay calm. If you need water you can get it down the hall. We’re trying to get as many doctors down here as we can as quickly as we can, but the roads are jammed and there’s more than one hospital. That’s all I’ve been told.” I relayed the information to my wife word for word, once I found her—the waiting room was becoming encrusted with layers of incoming people—and then they shut the hospital doors—and my wife nodded, looking at me with eyes that wanted to close. I kept her lids open with my thumbs. My watch read 7:36. I wanted to tell her I loved her but was stupidly embarrassed by the presence of so many people who might laugh. I didn’t want to be cheesy. “It comes and it goes,” I said, “so just keep your eyes open for me until it goes, please.” She smiled, and I touched my lips to hers without kissing them. Her lips were dry. Around me shouts were erupting. There was a television in the corner of the waiting room, showing scenes of crowded hospitals in Sydney and Paris, and violence in Rio de Janeiro, where families huddled together in the streets while men, young and old, flung rocks, bricks and flaming bottles at a cordon of black-clad BOPE behind which politicians and their families were running from shiny cars to state-run clinics. My wife’s weak voice brought me back to the present. “What do you think happened to Monsieur Charles?” she asked. “I don’t know, but I’d guess he’s probably just getting ready for work now,” I said. She smiled and the pressure on my thumbs increased. Her eyes started to roll back into her head. “Don’t go away,” I said. “Don’t leave me.” I felt her eyes sizzle and shake like frying spheres of bacon. I couldn’t hold them open anymore. I didn’t know what to do. The shouting in the hospital had devolved into chaos. “Do you know why they call it pasta?” I said. I didn’t expect her to answer. I didn’t expect any reaction, but, “Because I already ate it,” she said, smiling—and it was the last thing she ever said, her last smile I ever saw, because in that moment there was a horrible whine that made me press my fists against my ears and in the same instant every woman in the hospital exploded.

Since

Blood, guts and bone shards blanketed the surfaces of the waiting room, making it look like the inside of an unwashed jar of strawberry jam. My wife was gone. Every woman in the room was gone. The space behind the reception desk stood eerily empty. The television in the corner was showing the splattered lens of a camera that a hand suddenly wiped clean—its burst of motion a shock to the prevailing stillness—to reveal the peaceful image of a Los Angeles street in which bloodied men and boys stood frozen, startled…
I was too numb to speak.
Someone unlocked the hospital doors but nobody entered.
The waiting room smelled like an abattoir.
My clothes smelled like an abattoir.
I walked toward the doors, opened them with my hip and continued into the morning sunlight. I half expected shit to rain down from the skies. If I had a razor blade in my pocket I would have slit my wrists, but all I had was my wallet, my car keys and my phone. Sliding my fingers over the keys reminded me how dull they were. I didn’t want to drive. I didn’t want anything, but if I had to do something I would walk. I stepped on the heel of one shoe with the toe of another and slid my shoe off. The other one I pulled off with my hand. I wasn’t wearing socks. I hadn’t had enough time to put them on. I threw the shoes away. I wanted to walk until my feet hurt so much that I couldn’t walk anymore.
I put one foot in front of the other all the way back to my apartment building, waited for the elevator, and took it to my floor. In the hall, I passed a man wearing clean summer clothes. He didn’t give my bloody ones a second glance. I nodded to him, he nodded back, and I unlocked the door to my apartment and walked in. My feet left footprints on the linoleum. A dark, drying stain in the small space between the fridge and the kitchen wall was all that was left of Pillow. She’d squeezed in and died alone. I took out a mop and rotely removed the stain. Then I took off my clothes, flung them on the bed, which was as unmade as when we left it, took a shower and laid down on the crumpled sheets beside the only pieces of my wife that I had left. My sleep smelled like an abattoir.
Proceed to Part 3
submitted by normancrane to cryosleep [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 10:00 autotldr FinCEN Files: Deutsche Bank tops list of suspicious transactions

This is the best tl;dr I could make, original reduced by 86%. (I'm a bot)
The leaked FinCEN files suggest the bank was aware of facilitating suspicious transactions amounting to over $1 trillion dollars, including for a period after it had promised to clean up its act.
Of these, $1.3 trillion worth of transactions passed through Deutsche Bank, which reported the activities to FinCEN. Deutsche Bank previously fined hundreds of millions.
Upon receiving a catalogue of detailed questions from ICIJ, a spokesman for Deutsche Bank said the information contained in the files is "Not new information to us or our regulators" and that these issues date back to the years prior to 2016, adding that Deutsche Bank is "a different bank now."
The FinCEN Files reveal that Deutsche Bank also conducted transactions for an oil refinery in Turkmenistan, despite it being in possible violation of Iranian sanctions.
While Deutsche Bank TCA moved money for Turkmenbashi Oil, BNY Mellon, another bank that offers correspondence banking services in New York, refused to process transactions for the company around the same time.
ICIJ's analysis of the FinCEN Files indicates that Deutsche Bank also shuffled more than $11 billion in transactions between 2003 and 2017 for companies tied to Oleg Deripaska, a Russian billionaire and a longtime ally of Russian President Vladimir Putin - despite being fully aware of ongoing investigations.
Summary Source FAQ Feedback Top keywords: bank#1 Deutsche#2 transaction#3 sanctions#4 file#5
Post found in /worldnews, /europe and /FinCEN.
NOTICE: This thread is for discussing the submission topic. Please do not discuss the concept of the autotldr bot here.
submitted by autotldr to autotldr [link] [comments]


2020.09.14 14:24 Army_Bot Summary For: Weekly Question Thread (9/7/2020 to 9/13/2020)

Okay I don't know shit about the army but my friend is in basic combat training and I haven't talked to him since he left in mid July, he sent me a text message while in training with a picture of his camp address and said send mail. Probably a dumb question but is it normal to send some food or snacks or do I just send him a letter?
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So been in for three years, and was checking my ERB, and noticed I'm a few days past my AGCM eligibility date. And was just wondering how does that whole thing work? Is it automatic, or does your COC actually decide last minute, 'eh fuck it, hes not getting this.'
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Does the army allow testosterone injections?
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How likely is it to join the 173rd out of basic? Or how can I boost my chances?
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What can you do if battalion S1 continues to fail to update your ERB despite numerous attempts to have items added to it?
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Can you join infantry when youre not in the best shape? I can run 3 miles(not fast), i can do prob 25-30 pushups, no clue how many sit ups. Im seeing a recruiter soon, and i want to do infantry. I just dont know if im going to be cut out for infantry
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My wife and I have both made the swap to active duty from reserve. I’m currently at reclass until mid November, she reports to Carson permanently on 5 Oct. She’s currently being told that she can’t take our daughter? I don’t know if the Army just isn’t tracking that I’m on training orders, but any advice here would be nice. She’s a bit freaked out by this. Thanks.
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Does Civil Affairs require airborne qualification as part of the training pipeline? As far as I can tell, Psyops does but I can’t find that info on CA.
Also, anyone who’s gone through CA training recently—what are the expectations when it comes to rucking? I’ve been idly considering trying out for a while, but rucking is my worst physical event.
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11 weeks away from having my first child.
Currently “deployed”. Stil haven’t been given the word on if my packet is approved to go home using my paternity leave. Also, as I was discussing with my wife and looking at flights (policy states it’s at my expense to fly home) we realized and panicked because I don’t have a passport.
Will travel orders and my ID suffice?
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I'm a 28 year old prior service reservist trying to reenlist active duty. I'm especially interested in 18Xray and am in shape, speak German and Russian, and have a bachelor's in international relations. My question is, since my recruiter is trying to push me to reenlist in my old MOS and I'd rather not continue being an 89A, is 18X an option? I have less than 48 months active duty, I was in the reserve for 6 years but only ever did ATs and drill weekends. I'm not sure how the PSBR affect me is all.
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Does AIT Count for Post 9/11?
I’m a army reservist and just finished a 22 week AIT school back in February. Now I’m going to college and I’m wondering if I qualify for Post 9/11 GI bill? I did some research and if AIT does count then I qualify for 50% . Also what other time counts towards the Post 9/11 GI Bill?
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Prefacing this with, I understand it's my life, my choices, my career path I just think some people here might be able to give me perspective.
I'm 25, I graduated college with a 2.6 gpa and a degree in Information Technology. I recently got a spot in my cities Police Academy (3rd biggest department in the country) and it has a lot of pathways if I were to pass that interest me (Aviation, SWAT, Criminal Intelligence), ultimately I want to be a federal agent or work for the United States Diplomatic Security Service.
However, I also grew up watching things like band of brothers and have a best friend in the Army Infantry and I feel like I'm missing out on my younger years to take the opportunity to join the army. I would love to enlist in the infantry and go jump out of planes and do battle drills, but my friend told me unless you're in the SOF community not a whole lot is going on and I'd be better off joining the national guard infantry to get my dose of the "hooah life" (sorry if that sounds ignorant). I really just want to go infantry so I can live out of a backpack with the boys and deploy and live that life thats portrayed but he says that is far from reality. Does anyone here have experience going from Mil to LEO (specifically infantry) or LEO to Mil? Or does anyone have experience with the guard and could give their opinion if the NG Infantry gave them the fulfillment they're looking for while also being a civilian police officer? I realize I haven't even started the academy but I don't want to be a waste of a spot if my heart isn't in it. Thanks for any insight anyone would like to provide.
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I was looking for some workout programs to get into shape for basic. I was wondering what y’all recommend.
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If you are writing a memo, do you need to refer to yourself in 1st or 3rd person?
For example,
"SPC white-35 requests that he moves from _____ to _____"
"I request that I move from ______ to ______"
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Hi everyone, I just have some questions as I’m pretty nervous right now.
I haven’t consumed marijuana in 106 days as of today. I’ve been going to the recruiter every week for drug tests but they’re all showing positive. I’ve also been taking at home tests every day and a few days ago they started showing negative (with a very faint line).
I went to the recruiter today for a test and it showed positive. My recruiter told me that he is sending me to MEPS next week anyway because “there is no way anything is in your system after this long”.
I’m extremely nervous, being in the Army is all I want in my life and I’ve made many changes over the past 4 months to be better and stronger for service. I really don’t want my military career to be over before it even starts, what should I do? He wants to send me to MEPS on Monday (6 days from today) and I really don’t want a positive test. Should I try to postpone it until I get a negative test in the office?
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So I’m a 29year old mom of 3, currently enrolled at community college. Need advice on joining. I been on the fence and need help if I should just jump already. I been wanting to join the army since forever but when I got pregnant at 18 then 2 times right after I had to put my plans on hold. Now that they are older and don’t need their butts wiped by me anymore the army has been on my mind pretty much everyday now. Does age play a big part? Is it to late? I actually don’t even feel or look 29years old. I think this is something that I will beat myself up about later in life if I don’t join but at the same time I keep telling myself it might be to late.
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Intelligence/medical MOS where you don't end up behind a desk?
Hey community! I'm trying to figure out what MOS i should go with and i would appreciate your help.
I'm drawn to Intelligence and the medical field and they seem to be a good balance of brains and 'fun' but I will be miserable if i end up with a desk job or something really mondane. As in the real kind of miserable. I'm not an adrenalin junky but i need some sunlight and a challenge.
Caught my eye: 35M,35F,35L,35W,68W. I excluded the rest of both series because they seemed too indoorsy.
Spent the last few days trying to do some research and realized i have a chance of ending up behind a desk/doing nothing in every one of these jobs so i'm just looking for some insight about these or others that I might of missed.
If it makes any difference i'm in my late twenties,AA,Good Asvab.
Apologies for formatting/typos i'm on a broken phone
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So I ship to fort sill on the 22nd this month as a 68c (nurse). My recruiter has been telling me that the only way to enter as an e-2 is with college credits (my school wasn't on the approved list) or with referrals (that's not going to happen) online information seems dated or scattered rather. I found and was told by another recruiter that finishing the future soldier classes and passing a pt test will get one rank to e-2. However my recruiter seems disinterested in pursuing this. I tried searching here and a couple other places and can't find any concrete info. Any recruiters know how I could skip the decreased pay as an entry e-1 and enter as an e-2 since this is ... Borderline a deal breaker for me entering.
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Has anyone gotten a medical waiver for Airborne while having screws in their bones? I read somewhere it may be difficult to get cleared for airborne if you have retained hardware - plate & screws in my wrist.
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I am considering enlisting into the Army, I currently have 30 college credits and I am an Eagle Scout. Does anyone know what type of bonuses or advancements I may receive? Also, I am a year away from completing an engineering associates degree, would it be worth completing before I enlist?
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Hey guys, shipping to Benning soon. Can anyone who has been to basic since the Covid era began give me some insight into how the quarantine will be? I’ve got my ranger handbook, small unit tactics, land nav and some pleasure books packed, will they let me keep these during quarantine? How about PT, is there anywhere to run/workout during quarantine. I’ve been training hard as a motherfucker because Im on an 18x contract and don’t want to lose my gains, although I’m aware this might happen a bit during basic anyway. Any insight is appreciated, thanks!
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AGSU issue
I have everything but the long sleeve shirt so I am in quite a predicament when it comes to wearing the uniform; and you cant order stuff online right now without ordering the "full package" (coat ect) so if anyone has access to a base with shirts for sale I am happy to buy one from you. Looking for a 17 34/35 long sleeve. Willing to pay for time and cover cost ect.
Thanks!
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Is Madigan iPerms open up?
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68w questions
Background: I am currently an E-5 in the Army reserves. My current MOS is 88n and I will have 3 yrs TIS in April 2021. I wish to reclass and go active once my contract is up in 2024 (hopefully sooner if I can get a conditional release).
I am interested in several MOSs and am trying to learn as much as I can before I go active. One of which is 68w.
1) what is AIT like? Especially as an e-5 MOS-T.
2) what can I expect as an e-5 after AIT and once I reach my duty station?
3) what is the school for the identifier Nationally Registered Flight Paramedic (68wF2) like?
4) if I ever chose to try something like special forces, would this help me? Especially with something like 18d.
5) once I transition out, hopefully after a full 20yr career, would this be a good mos for something like a flight paramedic for a hospital?
Feel free to answer as many or as few as you like. Any other information would be greatly appreciated. Thanks in advance.
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Earned a USCG Meritorious Team unit Award while I served in the Marine Corps Reserve. The award was not allowed on the Marine Uniform. Is it authorized to wear on the Army uniform? I was looking up AR 670-1 but couldn't find anything on awards from different services aside from badges. I will most likely have to reattend basic training and would like to wear it on my uniform during graduation.
Thanks!
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Just checked my PPW and it says I'm no longer promotable. It shows INELIGIBLE: APFT and does not have a score for APFT. Mine should not be expiring any time soon.
Is this an Army-wide error or just my unit?
Thanks in advance!
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I need to ship my POV to Fort Bragg. Is there a vehicle terminal nearby that can receive my car and hold it until I arrive?
If it matters, POV shipment is not authorized in my orders - I will be shipping at my own expense.
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Howdy, does anyone have insight on how the permanent party barracks at Fort Hunter Liggett is? Any information about this fort as a permanent party member would be great as well
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Currently starting the commissioning process and I have a few questions that my recruiter didn’t know the answer to (he said he would ask someone above him but I have yet to hear back).
I am graduating university in August 2021. Assuming I complete all of my paperwork, MEPS, and interviews by December of 2020, and get selected to go to OCS (I’ve been told this could take as long as 6 months from the point I finish all of the paperwork), would I probably be going to basic as soon as I graduate university?
If that is the case, after basic, how long does it typically take until OCS starts? I tried searching for this online and I found a post saying it could b 12 months, is that true ? What do you do between graduating basic and going to OCS, and could it really be that long of a time period ?
Thank you.
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Hi guys, I should probably preface this by saying I’m in the Guard. I’m currently attending college and I just graduated AIT. I would really love to do SF in the Guard but I know that in addition to being physically stupendous, I also have to be mentally mature. As I don’t wish to go to selections every year until I get selected (if ever), should I drop a packet the moment I get a chance or is there a recommended maturity level other than the minimum 21 that you would recommend? I don’t think I’m very immature, but I’m also aware that I am not the most mature person out. Also is there any schools that anybody recommend I push for before I drop a packet? The PT portion hasn’t been much of a problem. I’ve been following HTK’a Elite Operator plan (Fantastic if anybody else is interested). Anyway sorry for asking so much. Any help is appreciated!
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First time on this sub. Is there an MOS for Research & Development in small arms and infantry field gear? Like testing camouflage uniforms effectiveness, rifle effectiveness. I'm looking to get experience in research, as I'm a Psychology major.
Also, what's the MOS for Infantry room clearing? I've heard the term, "breaching".
I'm probably using incorrect terminology but I just started researching to get in the Army. Sorry.
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Does anyone know if 12N's are required to wear some type of saftey shoe on Active Duty?
I'm prior service with a training date to reclass. I don't want to waste money on aftermarket boots if they will not be used much, but definately prefer them over standard issue.
Thanks in advance.
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Hi, currently in the NG looking to become an officer in the reserves. I talked with a recruiter today about looking to branch either aviation or intel, and he said there is no way to guarantee either of these branches, only to go to OCS and compete for slots via the OML. Is this true for the reserves? Would this be true for the guard?
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Is there any consequence for getting lasik from a civilian doc? AD.
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I got offered a job from the army for a Financial Management Technician. I’m assuming that would qualify as a civilian job but I would still do combat training for 10 weeks. Is combat training the same as boot camp? Would I have to live on base for combat training? What an I getting myself into? I would be enlisting.
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Hey been intrested for quite some time in joining the army ever since I was in high school but my mother really held me against joining because I was her only family. Now im 24 and feel like I may be too old.
My main reason for joining is to build myself up again and just maybe have some more purpose in life.
I have some college under my belt and I have my comptia A+ certifications and a background in IT. But im really not sure if i could get in shape like I used to... i tried taking a physical test to become a park ranger which is the same test as the police physical test but i only had 2 weeks to get in shape for it and unfortunately I failed by 5 sit ups. Tbh the next part of the test was the run and I barely was able to do that in practicing only doing 1.5 miles in 12 mins.
And then I dont know where I would be most useful or where I would best fit in as job in the army.
Thinking about going down to my local recruiter and asking them more and seeing if I could be acceptable enough for the army.
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Hello all, fresh 27 year old. Was thinking of joining since I was 18 and as I get older I don’t want to regret not serving my country. Bachelors degree and masters courses under my belt and was employed as a teacher prior. I’m physically fit and played decently high level basketball my whole life up until the pandemic.
Three questions: 1.is 27 years old going to be a hinderance in any way shape or form? 2. What are the pros and cons of enlisted vs officer 3. If I’m married what kind of things are out there to help the family out? Such as after basic would I go back to living with them? Etc
Thanks
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Dumb question.
What goes in the “major command” spot on a USAR Form 107-R?
Edit: I’m in the Army reserves, so would it just be “USAR?”
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Looking to change MOS to 25N or 35T.
If you are currently filling, have trained in, or work closely with e4 positions within those ranks please help me out here:
  • What kind of experience do you get from it?
  • What kind of things do you walk out of AIT knowing or with certifications in?
  • What are civilian applications for each of these?
Got TS and looking into getting training that would help me move into the sys admin world, or just tech in general.
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I know that my promotion from E-1 to E-2 is “automatic”, but does that mean that it’s already happened since I hit my 6 months TIS at the beginning of this month? I just graduated airborne school so no one here has really told me anything about it and as I don’t have my CAC pin yet I can’t check. I ordered a couple fresh sets of OCPs with E-2 sewn on, and I’m curious if I’m authorized to wear the rank yet or if I have to wait until my CoC gives me the go ahead when I get to my unit.
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Hi guys, I’m currently already enlisted but I have a friend who I’ve been talking to who is interested in joining. Basically he’s given me a whole lot of reasons why he can’t join but the one that’s been bothering me the most is that he claims that his mother needs to sign a slip saying he can enlist because he’s the last of his lineage. Now I smell bs but I’m not a recruiter so I don’t know if that’s true. If I could get any recruiter’s input I would appreciate it.
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Anyone knows how there doing basic know that’s my only question?
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So, a little back story.
I’m 26 years old, married (for a few years now), and I feel like at this point in my life it’s the best decision I can make for my future and my family’s. We live in a very poor, rural area in the south, with very limited opportunities. I’m a college dropout who has worked nothing but soul crushing, back breaking jobs to this point in my life (high school janitor, cement factory, metal factory, chemical factory, rail yard grunt, pizza delivery driver and gas station attendant. I’m tired of feeling as if I have no purpose and the jobs obviously aren’t fulfilling. I desperately want to go back to school but not take out a shit ton of student loans, would like to take advantage of TA while enlisted, and the GI when out. As far as MOS goes I would love to do public affairs/journalism/photography as those are passions of mine. Would like to stay the fuck away from anything maintenance considering that’s what I’m trying to get away from. Wife is very supportive and we have been together long enough that we aren’t really sweating any challenges it will bring (for now lol), she’s a nurse so we both see it as a great opportunity for me to get ahead and her as well considering we could hopefully bank her pay and live off of my pay and BHA.
We already own our home (an RV we live in lol I’m not as white trash as it sounds) so the only debt we have is her car. Any advice or thoughts would be great! BTW, considering army due to wanting to have a guaranteed job in contract (Been told army is only branch that can do so)
*feel free to recommend an MOS, Which MOS to stay away from, tell me why to considestay away from said MOS
*if you think I should consider another branch, feel free to say so
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What’s the status update with that TikTok Lieutenant?
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So this is probably a bit random, but I've been looking over the internet and have found many mixed responses, most of which are 6+ years old now, I'm considering enlisting next year and I was looking into infantry, but I wear glasses and I don't think I'm interested in eye surgery, I was wondering what the common options are when deployed, I can only find answers for what they give you while in basic training, do you have a specific pair or prescription for when your deployed and just get the option of wearing your regular glasses any other time while you're not? I apologise if this is a stupid question I'm just having issues finding a response for the options when it comes to eyeglasses.
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Is this still true? https://www.stripes.com/news/fort-sill-s-dining-facility-is-the-first-to-offer-troops-a-100-percent-plant-based-entr%C3%A9e-at-every-meal-1.568203#.X11-NNWsV6k.reddit
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Hey guys, I'm a E3 91B in the reserves, been in almost 2 years. I'm bored at my Unit, I'm tired of being in the reserves, being surrounded by unmotivated people and not ever doing my MOS. I wanted to get some insight on what it was like being infantry. I'm a really hard worker, and an upbeat person. I don't LOVE early mornings but I can do it with a smile on my face, and a hella lot of motivation. My last PT test was a few weeks ago and scored 293. I only hit Marksman on my last rifle qual, but it was the first I've even touched a rifle in over a year, I qualified expert at basic. I qualed the first time unlike most of the platoon. I run 4 times a week, and do pushups/pullups/core daily, and I've never fallen out of a ruck. The only thing is I get a bit of anxiety, but if I find I'm really good at something it gives me a lot of confidence and helps me overcome that. That's generally why I'm so active, gives me more confidence to overcome my anxiety. I'm just wondering, would infantry be a good choice for someone like me? Is it not what it's cut out to be? I just want a life that has more meaning than what I do in the reserves. I still work hard, and always embrace the suck, but everything I do feels so futile. I try my best to learn the battle drills they're teaching us, but when I look around and nobody else is paying attention or clearly in any shape to deploy, I feel like I'm wasting my time. I want to walk up the stairs without hearing my battle buddies huffing and puffing, I don't want to finish every run alone. I want to be part of a team of champions. I want to see things that less than 1% of people ever get to see or experience. I also really really want to go to airborne school. Just any insight on combat arms would be great, again I've never done any active time aside from initial entry training and really don't want to get ahead of myself.
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I have a question regarding retirement options. I understand there is a new blended retirement that incoming soldiers who enlist after 2018 must opt into. I wonder, if you enlisted in the army before 2018 and are returning as a prior service do you get to stay with the other retirement plan, or do you have to opt into the blended?
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My spouse is collecting unemployment. Would me enlisting affect her unemployment?
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does tricare cover contacts? my eyes suck. instead of getting glasses can I just get contacts?
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Hey everyone, I wanted some opinions regarding some thoughts of enlisting. I currently have my ADN and am a practicing RN, I have 3 years of ELevel 1 Trauma under my belt and have taken care of most everything imaginable. My family has a long military background with my half uncle being a Green Beret, I am borderline about to enlist as 18x in hopes of landing 18D. I have a strong passion to serve my country and follow in the footsteps of my family. Anyone have any experience with any situation of this sort? Tips? Give me your downright honest thoughts.
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Dumb question (current newbie soldier) - when you are on post in civilians what do you do during flag raising?
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Graduating in early November but ACT says I don't report to my unit until early January. I have airborne school in my contract which I assume means I'll be attending that school somewhere in between this time. My question is, are they going to send me pretty quick after I graduate, am I going to be spending my christmas at airborne school or am I sticking at AIT until I get a school date?
Obviously nobody here is my S-1 but I'm trying to get some sort of idea from others who may have been in a similar situation.
Also, I’ve read you can have your POV at airborne school, can anyone confirm if this is true?
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What is life like as a 12B combat engineer, what does your day consist of and what are some civilian jobs you can get once you get out?
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I attempted to commit suicide when I was 9 years old. I have no recollection of the incident. Is there any way I could get into the army having this in my medical history
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I've been living in the us for eleven years now, im 22, I have always wanted to join the army, and do my part to become part of something bigger than me, unfortunately the two times I've asked questions, both times were the same answer, I couldn't join because of my illegal status in the us, I've heard stories of seargents who joined without papers, and some army guys I've had talked to say it is possible talking to the right people, hopefully I found them here.
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I'm about to go on a deployment (within the states) for a year. Before I do, I'm going to premob in Texas. I've heard a lot of people get sent home here for numerous reasons.
I have a rash that has been on and off haunting me. As of recently its acting up bad. Im fairly certain its psoriasis rosea. Is this something that could disqualify me from deployment? Also im thinking I should get it treated before I go to dull it down again like I have in the past. If I do, and get on meds, will the meds disqualify me from deploying? I heard meds get people sent home a lot.
What are other thinks that get people the boot to back home? Cavities? Allergies (latex?). Thanks in advanced!
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Hello,
I am 29. I’ve done a great deal of research around why one should/shouldn’t join the army right now, especially under this administration.
While I really have no desire to serve under poor leadership I do believe that this opportunity will help me get closer to my new career goal of working at a federal agency.
Currently living in New York. Meeting with a recruiter soon. I still have a lot of questions about what I’m getting myself into by committing to joining only because it’s a big commitment. I guess I think of worse case scenario.. would I get deployed to go fight? I’m terrified of that idea especially under a wreckless president.
Is it too late in life to consider a move to the army at 29 years old? Also, my background is in marketing. Would I be leveraging this skill set in the army until my term of service is over? Hoping for a term of service no longer than 2 to 3 years so that then I can go apply for a federal agency job.
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submitted by Army_Bot to army [link] [comments]


2020.09.14 14:24 Army_Bot Summary For: Weekly Question Thread (9/7/2020 to 9/13/2020)

Okay I don't know shit about the army but my friend is in basic combat training and I haven't talked to him since he left in mid July, he sent me a text message while in training with a picture of his camp address and said send mail. Probably a dumb question but is it normal to send some food or snacks or do I just send him a letter?
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So been in for three years, and was checking my ERB, and noticed I'm a few days past my AGCM eligibility date. And was just wondering how does that whole thing work? Is it automatic, or does your COC actually decide last minute, 'eh fuck it, hes not getting this.'
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Does the army allow testosterone injections?
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How likely is it to join the 173rd out of basic? Or how can I boost my chances?
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What can you do if battalion S1 continues to fail to update your ERB despite numerous attempts to have items added to it?
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Can you join infantry when youre not in the best shape? I can run 3 miles(not fast), i can do prob 25-30 pushups, no clue how many sit ups. Im seeing a recruiter soon, and i want to do infantry. I just dont know if im going to be cut out for infantry
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My wife and I have both made the swap to active duty from reserve. I’m currently at reclass until mid November, she reports to Carson permanently on 5 Oct. She’s currently being told that she can’t take our daughter? I don’t know if the Army just isn’t tracking that I’m on training orders, but any advice here would be nice. She’s a bit freaked out by this. Thanks.
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Does Civil Affairs require airborne qualification as part of the training pipeline? As far as I can tell, Psyops does but I can’t find that info on CA.
Also, anyone who’s gone through CA training recently—what are the expectations when it comes to rucking? I’ve been idly considering trying out for a while, but rucking is my worst physical event.
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11 weeks away from having my first child.
Currently “deployed”. Stil haven’t been given the word on if my packet is approved to go home using my paternity leave. Also, as I was discussing with my wife and looking at flights (policy states it’s at my expense to fly home) we realized and panicked because I don’t have a passport.
Will travel orders and my ID suffice?
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I'm a 28 year old prior service reservist trying to reenlist active duty. I'm especially interested in 18Xray and am in shape, speak German and Russian, and have a bachelor's in international relations. My question is, since my recruiter is trying to push me to reenlist in my old MOS and I'd rather not continue being an 89A, is 18X an option? I have less than 48 months active duty, I was in the reserve for 6 years but only ever did ATs and drill weekends. I'm not sure how the PSBR affect me is all.
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Does AIT Count for Post 9/11?
I’m a army reservist and just finished a 22 week AIT school back in February. Now I’m going to college and I’m wondering if I qualify for Post 9/11 GI bill? I did some research and if AIT does count then I qualify for 50% . Also what other time counts towards the Post 9/11 GI Bill?
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Prefacing this with, I understand it's my life, my choices, my career path I just think some people here might be able to give me perspective.
I'm 25, I graduated college with a 2.6 gpa and a degree in Information Technology. I recently got a spot in my cities Police Academy (3rd biggest department in the country) and it has a lot of pathways if I were to pass that interest me (Aviation, SWAT, Criminal Intelligence), ultimately I want to be a federal agent or work for the United States Diplomatic Security Service.
However, I also grew up watching things like band of brothers and have a best friend in the Army Infantry and I feel like I'm missing out on my younger years to take the opportunity to join the army. I would love to enlist in the infantry and go jump out of planes and do battle drills, but my friend told me unless you're in the SOF community not a whole lot is going on and I'd be better off joining the national guard infantry to get my dose of the "hooah life" (sorry if that sounds ignorant). I really just want to go infantry so I can live out of a backpack with the boys and deploy and live that life thats portrayed but he says that is far from reality. Does anyone here have experience going from Mil to LEO (specifically infantry) or LEO to Mil? Or does anyone have experience with the guard and could give their opinion if the NG Infantry gave them the fulfillment they're looking for while also being a civilian police officer? I realize I haven't even started the academy but I don't want to be a waste of a spot if my heart isn't in it. Thanks for any insight anyone would like to provide.
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I was looking for some workout programs to get into shape for basic. I was wondering what y’all recommend.
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If you are writing a memo, do you need to refer to yourself in 1st or 3rd person?
For example,
"SPC white-35 requests that he moves from _____ to _____"
"I request that I move from ______ to ______"
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Hi everyone, I just have some questions as I’m pretty nervous right now.
I haven’t consumed marijuana in 106 days as of today. I’ve been going to the recruiter every week for drug tests but they’re all showing positive. I’ve also been taking at home tests every day and a few days ago they started showing negative (with a very faint line).
I went to the recruiter today for a test and it showed positive. My recruiter told me that he is sending me to MEPS next week anyway because “there is no way anything is in your system after this long”.
I’m extremely nervous, being in the Army is all I want in my life and I’ve made many changes over the past 4 months to be better and stronger for service. I really don’t want my military career to be over before it even starts, what should I do? He wants to send me to MEPS on Monday (6 days from today) and I really don’t want a positive test. Should I try to postpone it until I get a negative test in the office?
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So I’m a 29year old mom of 3, currently enrolled at community college. Need advice on joining. I been on the fence and need help if I should just jump already. I been wanting to join the army since forever but when I got pregnant at 18 then 2 times right after I had to put my plans on hold. Now that they are older and don’t need their butts wiped by me anymore the army has been on my mind pretty much everyday now. Does age play a big part? Is it to late? I actually don’t even feel or look 29years old. I think this is something that I will beat myself up about later in life if I don’t join but at the same time I keep telling myself it might be to late.
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Intelligence/medical MOS where you don't end up behind a desk?
Hey community! I'm trying to figure out what MOS i should go with and i would appreciate your help.
I'm drawn to Intelligence and the medical field and they seem to be a good balance of brains and 'fun' but I will be miserable if i end up with a desk job or something really mondane. As in the real kind of miserable. I'm not an adrenalin junky but i need some sunlight and a challenge.
Caught my eye: 35M,35F,35L,35W,68W. I excluded the rest of both series because they seemed too indoorsy.
Spent the last few days trying to do some research and realized i have a chance of ending up behind a desk/doing nothing in every one of these jobs so i'm just looking for some insight about these or others that I might of missed.
If it makes any difference i'm in my late twenties,AA,Good Asvab.
Apologies for formatting/typos i'm on a broken phone
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So I ship to fort sill on the 22nd this month as a 68c (nurse). My recruiter has been telling me that the only way to enter as an e-2 is with college credits (my school wasn't on the approved list) or with referrals (that's not going to happen) online information seems dated or scattered rather. I found and was told by another recruiter that finishing the future soldier classes and passing a pt test will get one rank to e-2. However my recruiter seems disinterested in pursuing this. I tried searching here and a couple other places and can't find any concrete info. Any recruiters know how I could skip the decreased pay as an entry e-1 and enter as an e-2 since this is ... Borderline a deal breaker for me entering.
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Has anyone gotten a medical waiver for Airborne while having screws in their bones? I read somewhere it may be difficult to get cleared for airborne if you have retained hardware - plate & screws in my wrist.
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I am considering enlisting into the Army, I currently have 30 college credits and I am an Eagle Scout. Does anyone know what type of bonuses or advancements I may receive? Also, I am a year away from completing an engineering associates degree, would it be worth completing before I enlist?
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Hey guys, shipping to Benning soon. Can anyone who has been to basic since the Covid era began give me some insight into how the quarantine will be? I’ve got my ranger handbook, small unit tactics, land nav and some pleasure books packed, will they let me keep these during quarantine? How about PT, is there anywhere to run/workout during quarantine. I’ve been training hard as a motherfucker because Im on an 18x contract and don’t want to lose my gains, although I’m aware this might happen a bit during basic anyway. Any insight is appreciated, thanks!
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AGSU issue
I have everything but the long sleeve shirt so I am in quite a predicament when it comes to wearing the uniform; and you cant order stuff online right now without ordering the "full package" (coat ect) so if anyone has access to a base with shirts for sale I am happy to buy one from you. Looking for a 17 34/35 long sleeve. Willing to pay for time and cover cost ect.
Thanks!
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Is Madigan iPerms open up?
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68w questions
Background: I am currently an E-5 in the Army reserves. My current MOS is 88n and I will have 3 yrs TIS in April 2021. I wish to reclass and go active once my contract is up in 2024 (hopefully sooner if I can get a conditional release).
I am interested in several MOSs and am trying to learn as much as I can before I go active. One of which is 68w.
1) what is AIT like? Especially as an e-5 MOS-T.
2) what can I expect as an e-5 after AIT and once I reach my duty station?
3) what is the school for the identifier Nationally Registered Flight Paramedic (68wF2) like?
4) if I ever chose to try something like special forces, would this help me? Especially with something like 18d.
5) once I transition out, hopefully after a full 20yr career, would this be a good mos for something like a flight paramedic for a hospital?
Feel free to answer as many or as few as you like. Any other information would be greatly appreciated. Thanks in advance.
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Earned a USCG Meritorious Team unit Award while I served in the Marine Corps Reserve. The award was not allowed on the Marine Uniform. Is it authorized to wear on the Army uniform? I was looking up AR 670-1 but couldn't find anything on awards from different services aside from badges. I will most likely have to reattend basic training and would like to wear it on my uniform during graduation.
Thanks!
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Just checked my PPW and it says I'm no longer promotable. It shows INELIGIBLE: APFT and does not have a score for APFT. Mine should not be expiring any time soon.
Is this an Army-wide error or just my unit?
Thanks in advance!
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I need to ship my POV to Fort Bragg. Is there a vehicle terminal nearby that can receive my car and hold it until I arrive?
If it matters, POV shipment is not authorized in my orders - I will be shipping at my own expense.
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Howdy, does anyone have insight on how the permanent party barracks at Fort Hunter Liggett is? Any information about this fort as a permanent party member would be great as well
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Currently starting the commissioning process and I have a few questions that my recruiter didn’t know the answer to (he said he would ask someone above him but I have yet to hear back).
I am graduating university in August 2021. Assuming I complete all of my paperwork, MEPS, and interviews by December of 2020, and get selected to go to OCS (I’ve been told this could take as long as 6 months from the point I finish all of the paperwork), would I probably be going to basic as soon as I graduate university?
If that is the case, after basic, how long does it typically take until OCS starts? I tried searching for this online and I found a post saying it could b 12 months, is that true ? What do you do between graduating basic and going to OCS, and could it really be that long of a time period ?
Thank you.
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Hi guys, I should probably preface this by saying I’m in the Guard. I’m currently attending college and I just graduated AIT. I would really love to do SF in the Guard but I know that in addition to being physically stupendous, I also have to be mentally mature. As I don’t wish to go to selections every year until I get selected (if ever), should I drop a packet the moment I get a chance or is there a recommended maturity level other than the minimum 21 that you would recommend? I don’t think I’m very immature, but I’m also aware that I am not the most mature person out. Also is there any schools that anybody recommend I push for before I drop a packet? The PT portion hasn’t been much of a problem. I’ve been following HTK’a Elite Operator plan (Fantastic if anybody else is interested). Anyway sorry for asking so much. Any help is appreciated!
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First time on this sub. Is there an MOS for Research & Development in small arms and infantry field gear? Like testing camouflage uniforms effectiveness, rifle effectiveness. I'm looking to get experience in research, as I'm a Psychology major.
Also, what's the MOS for Infantry room clearing? I've heard the term, "breaching".
I'm probably using incorrect terminology but I just started researching to get in the Army. Sorry.
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Does anyone know if 12N's are required to wear some type of saftey shoe on Active Duty?
I'm prior service with a training date to reclass. I don't want to waste money on aftermarket boots if they will not be used much, but definately prefer them over standard issue.
Thanks in advance.
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Hi, currently in the NG looking to become an officer in the reserves. I talked with a recruiter today about looking to branch either aviation or intel, and he said there is no way to guarantee either of these branches, only to go to OCS and compete for slots via the OML. Is this true for the reserves? Would this be true for the guard?
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Is there any consequence for getting lasik from a civilian doc? AD.
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I got offered a job from the army for a Financial Management Technician. I’m assuming that would qualify as a civilian job but I would still do combat training for 10 weeks. Is combat training the same as boot camp? Would I have to live on base for combat training? What an I getting myself into? I would be enlisting.
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Hey been intrested for quite some time in joining the army ever since I was in high school but my mother really held me against joining because I was her only family. Now im 24 and feel like I may be too old.
My main reason for joining is to build myself up again and just maybe have some more purpose in life.
I have some college under my belt and I have my comptia A+ certifications and a background in IT. But im really not sure if i could get in shape like I used to... i tried taking a physical test to become a park ranger which is the same test as the police physical test but i only had 2 weeks to get in shape for it and unfortunately I failed by 5 sit ups. Tbh the next part of the test was the run and I barely was able to do that in practicing only doing 1.5 miles in 12 mins.
And then I dont know where I would be most useful or where I would best fit in as job in the army.
Thinking about going down to my local recruiter and asking them more and seeing if I could be acceptable enough for the army.
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Hello all, fresh 27 year old. Was thinking of joining since I was 18 and as I get older I don’t want to regret not serving my country. Bachelors degree and masters courses under my belt and was employed as a teacher prior. I’m physically fit and played decently high level basketball my whole life up until the pandemic.
Three questions: 1.is 27 years old going to be a hinderance in any way shape or form? 2. What are the pros and cons of enlisted vs officer 3. If I’m married what kind of things are out there to help the family out? Such as after basic would I go back to living with them? Etc
Thanks
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Dumb question.
What goes in the “major command” spot on a USAR Form 107-R?
Edit: I’m in the Army reserves, so would it just be “USAR?”
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Looking to change MOS to 25N or 35T.
If you are currently filling, have trained in, or work closely with e4 positions within those ranks please help me out here:
  • What kind of experience do you get from it?
  • What kind of things do you walk out of AIT knowing or with certifications in?
  • What are civilian applications for each of these?
Got TS and looking into getting training that would help me move into the sys admin world, or just tech in general.
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I know that my promotion from E-1 to E-2 is “automatic”, but does that mean that it’s already happened since I hit my 6 months TIS at the beginning of this month? I just graduated airborne school so no one here has really told me anything about it and as I don’t have my CAC pin yet I can’t check. I ordered a couple fresh sets of OCPs with E-2 sewn on, and I’m curious if I’m authorized to wear the rank yet or if I have to wait until my CoC gives me the go ahead when I get to my unit.
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Hi guys, I’m currently already enlisted but I have a friend who I’ve been talking to who is interested in joining. Basically he’s given me a whole lot of reasons why he can’t join but the one that’s been bothering me the most is that he claims that his mother needs to sign a slip saying he can enlist because he’s the last of his lineage. Now I smell bs but I’m not a recruiter so I don’t know if that’s true. If I could get any recruiter’s input I would appreciate it.
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Anyone knows how there doing basic know that’s my only question?
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So, a little back story.
I’m 26 years old, married (for a few years now), and I feel like at this point in my life it’s the best decision I can make for my future and my family’s. We live in a very poor, rural area in the south, with very limited opportunities. I’m a college dropout who has worked nothing but soul crushing, back breaking jobs to this point in my life (high school janitor, cement factory, metal factory, chemical factory, rail yard grunt, pizza delivery driver and gas station attendant. I’m tired of feeling as if I have no purpose and the jobs obviously aren’t fulfilling. I desperately want to go back to school but not take out a shit ton of student loans, would like to take advantage of TA while enlisted, and the GI when out. As far as MOS goes I would love to do public affairs/journalism/photography as those are passions of mine. Would like to stay the fuck away from anything maintenance considering that’s what I’m trying to get away from. Wife is very supportive and we have been together long enough that we aren’t really sweating any challenges it will bring (for now lol), she’s a nurse so we both see it as a great opportunity for me to get ahead and her as well considering we could hopefully bank her pay and live off of my pay and BHA.
We already own our home (an RV we live in lol I’m not as white trash as it sounds) so the only debt we have is her car. Any advice or thoughts would be great! BTW, considering army due to wanting to have a guaranteed job in contract (Been told army is only branch that can do so)
*feel free to recommend an MOS, Which MOS to stay away from, tell me why to considestay away from said MOS
*if you think I should consider another branch, feel free to say so
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What’s the status update with that TikTok Lieutenant?
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So this is probably a bit random, but I've been looking over the internet and have found many mixed responses, most of which are 6+ years old now, I'm considering enlisting next year and I was looking into infantry, but I wear glasses and I don't think I'm interested in eye surgery, I was wondering what the common options are when deployed, I can only find answers for what they give you while in basic training, do you have a specific pair or prescription for when your deployed and just get the option of wearing your regular glasses any other time while you're not? I apologise if this is a stupid question I'm just having issues finding a response for the options when it comes to eyeglasses.
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Is this still true? https://www.stripes.com/news/fort-sill-s-dining-facility-is-the-first-to-offer-troops-a-100-percent-plant-based-entr%C3%A9e-at-every-meal-1.568203#.X11-NNWsV6k.reddit
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Hey guys, I'm a E3 91B in the reserves, been in almost 2 years. I'm bored at my Unit, I'm tired of being in the reserves, being surrounded by unmotivated people and not ever doing my MOS. I wanted to get some insight on what it was like being infantry. I'm a really hard worker, and an upbeat person. I don't LOVE early mornings but I can do it with a smile on my face, and a hella lot of motivation. My last PT test was a few weeks ago and scored 293. I only hit Marksman on my last rifle qual, but it was the first I've even touched a rifle in over a year, I qualified expert at basic. I qualed the first time unlike most of the platoon. I run 4 times a week, and do pushups/pullups/core daily, and I've never fallen out of a ruck. The only thing is I get a bit of anxiety, but if I find I'm really good at something it gives me a lot of confidence and helps me overcome that. That's generally why I'm so active, gives me more confidence to overcome my anxiety. I'm just wondering, would infantry be a good choice for someone like me? Is it not what it's cut out to be? I just want a life that has more meaning than what I do in the reserves. I still work hard, and always embrace the suck, but everything I do feels so futile. I try my best to learn the battle drills they're teaching us, but when I look around and nobody else is paying attention or clearly in any shape to deploy, I feel like I'm wasting my time. I want to walk up the stairs without hearing my battle buddies huffing and puffing, I don't want to finish every run alone. I want to be part of a team of champions. I want to see things that less than 1% of people ever get to see or experience. I also really really want to go to airborne school. Just any insight on combat arms would be great, again I've never done any active time aside from initial entry training and really don't want to get ahead of myself.
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I have a question regarding retirement options. I understand there is a new blended retirement that incoming soldiers who enlist after 2018 must opt into. I wonder, if you enlisted in the army before 2018 and are returning as a prior service do you get to stay with the other retirement plan, or do you have to opt into the blended?
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My spouse is collecting unemployment. Would me enlisting affect her unemployment?
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does tricare cover contacts? my eyes suck. instead of getting glasses can I just get contacts?
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Hey everyone, I wanted some opinions regarding some thoughts of enlisting. I currently have my ADN and am a practicing RN, I have 3 years of ELevel 1 Trauma under my belt and have taken care of most everything imaginable. My family has a long military background with my half uncle being a Green Beret, I am borderline about to enlist as 18x in hopes of landing 18D. I have a strong passion to serve my country and follow in the footsteps of my family. Anyone have any experience with any situation of this sort? Tips? Give me your downright honest thoughts.
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Dumb question (current newbie soldier) - when you are on post in civilians what do you do during flag raising?
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Graduating in early November but ACT says I don't report to my unit until early January. I have airborne school in my contract which I assume means I'll be attending that school somewhere in between this time. My question is, are they going to send me pretty quick after I graduate, am I going to be spending my christmas at airborne school or am I sticking at AIT until I get a school date?
Obviously nobody here is my S-1 but I'm trying to get some sort of idea from others who may have been in a similar situation.
Also, I’ve read you can have your POV at airborne school, can anyone confirm if this is true?
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What is life like as a 12B combat engineer, what does your day consist of and what are some civilian jobs you can get once you get out?
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I attempted to commit suicide when I was 9 years old. I have no recollection of the incident. Is there any way I could get into the army having this in my medical history
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I've been living in the us for eleven years now, im 22, I have always wanted to join the army, and do my part to become part of something bigger than me, unfortunately the two times I've asked questions, both times were the same answer, I couldn't join because of my illegal status in the us, I've heard stories of seargents who joined without papers, and some army guys I've had talked to say it is possible talking to the right people, hopefully I found them here.
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I'm about to go on a deployment (within the states) for a year. Before I do, I'm going to premob in Texas. I've heard a lot of people get sent home here for numerous reasons.
I have a rash that has been on and off haunting me. As of recently its acting up bad. Im fairly certain its psoriasis rosea. Is this something that could disqualify me from deployment? Also im thinking I should get it treated before I go to dull it down again like I have in the past. If I do, and get on meds, will the meds disqualify me from deploying? I heard meds get people sent home a lot.
What are other thinks that get people the boot to back home? Cavities? Allergies (latex?). Thanks in advanced!
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Hello,
I am 29. I’ve done a great deal of research around why one should/shouldn’t join the army right now, especially under this administration.
While I really have no desire to serve under poor leadership I do believe that this opportunity will help me get closer to my new career goal of working at a federal agency.
Currently living in New York. Meeting with a recruiter soon. I still have a lot of questions about what I’m getting myself into by committing to joining only because it’s a big commitment. I guess I think of worse case scenario.. would I get deployed to go fight? I’m terrified of that idea especially under a wreckless president.
Is it too late in life to consider a move to the army at 29 years old? Also, my background is in marketing. Would I be leveraging this skill set in the army until my term of service is over? Hoping for a term of service no longer than 2 to 3 years so that then I can go apply for a federal agency job.
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submitted by Army_Bot to ArmyWQT [link] [comments]


2020.09.09 14:17 WinsLive Bingo ☢️

Bingo ☢️
Ancestor of the modern bingo is considered the Italian Lo Giuoco del Lotto D’Italia. The first mention of it dates as far as 1530💤
The players received cards on which they marked the dropped out numbers with beans and when the winner collected the required number of points, he shouted: "Bean go!"💥 This is where the name of the game "bingo" came from.
Businessman Edwin Lowe decided to create his own game, based on the old rules, but changing them slightly. He ordered 6,000 unique cards from the mathematics professor and began selling the game in New York. As a result, bingo became very popular among Americans and spread to other countries.
It is often played in churches⛪️, and the funds raised are sent to charity.
"Bingo" has similarities with the Russian lotto, only the cards are smaller + letters are added, but the principles of the game and the rules are almost the same.

There are several types of "bingo", the main difference is in the rules:

1️⃣➖ One is a 5x5 grid meant for 75-ball Bingo, which is largely played in the U.S.
2️⃣➖ The other uses 90-ball Bingo (UK version)
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2020.09.08 23:18 clemaneuverers The book, "The Protocols Of The Learned Elders Of Zion", first published circa 120 years ago, is said to be a "fabricated antisemitic text", a "hoax", a "forgery". Recent research I have done leads me to believe that this is not the case and it is actually a genuine document. Long post!

Russian edition 1912
American english edition, 1, 2
It was declared a forgery which means there was an original document somewhere.
–Eustace Mullins
First, a link to the wikipedia page for the protocols so those interested can see how much of what you're about to read is omitted from there:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Protocols_of_the_Elders_of_Zion
The book in which they [the Protocols] are embodied was first published in the year 1897 by Philip Stepanov for private circulation among his intimate friends. The first time Professor Sergius A. Nilus published them was in 1901 in a book called The Great Within the Small and reprinted in 1905. A copy of this is in the British Museum bearing the date of its reception, August 10, 1906.
All copies that were known to exist in Russia were destroyed in the Kerensky regime, and under his successors the possession of a copy by anyone in Soviet land was a crime sufficient to ensure the owner's of being shot on sight. (source):
The best evidence of the genuineness of the Protocols is that in March, 1917 the Bolshevik Revolution took place in Russia and one of the first things done upon the Jewish Bolsheviks taking power was to destroy all copies of Professor Sergius A. Nilus’ book, The Great Within the Small, by. That book, which was first published in Tsarskoe-Tselc (Russia) in 1901, contained The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion. All copies of the Protocols that were known to exist in Russia were destroyed during the Kerensky regime. The law followed by Kerensky’s communist successors to power was that the possession of a copy of the Protocols by anyone in the Soviet Union was a crime punishable by being shot on sight
...Professor Nilus was arrested by the Cheka (Russian Secret Police) in Kiev. He was imprisoned and tortured. The Jewish president of the court, told Professor Nilus that the brutal treatment he received was as retribution for "having done them incalculable harm in publishing the Protocols."
[2011] Solving the Mystery of Babylon the Great by Edward Hendrie
The attack on the Protocols in the 1920’s proved above all else the truth of their contention; it showed that the standing organization for suppressing public discussion of the conspiracy had been perfected in the intervening 120 years . Probably so much money and energy were never before in history expended on the effort to suppress a single document.
[1956] The Controversy of Zion by Douglas Reeds
In 1865 the Jewish Rabbi RZEICHORN, made a speech in Prague. The speech was published 11 years later by Sir John Radcliff, who was assassinated shortly after its publication and it became almost extinct for years. Here are a few passages;
"With Gold one can buy the most upright consiences, with Gold one can fix the value of every stock, the price of every merchandise, one can loan it to states that afterwards one holds at ones mercy.
"Already the principle banks, the stock exchanges throughout the world, the loans to all governments are in our hands. "The other great power is the press. By ceaselessly repeating certain ideas, the press in the end makes them considered as truths. The Theatre renders similair services, every where theatre and press follow our directives. By an indefatigable campaign in favour of the democratic form of government, we will divide the Gentiles amongst themselves in political parties, we shall thus destroy the unity of their nations, we will sow the seeds of discord. Powerless they will have to accept the laws of our bank, always united, always devoted to our cause.
"The possession of land has always procured influence and power. In the name of social justice and equality, we will divide the great properties; we will give small fragments to the peasents who desire it with all their heart, But who will soon be indebted to us by the very exploitation of these properties. Our capital will enable us to be the real masters.
"Let us use all force to replace the circulation of gold by that of paper; our banks will absorb the gold, and we shall decide what then what value the paper money will have, this will make us masters of every mans existence. "We will promise to the workers salaries they have never dared to dream of, but we will also heighten the price of all necessities, so much so that our profits will be even greater.
"By our jokes and attacks we will render their priests ridiculous and eventually odius, their religion as ridiculous, as odius as their priests. We shall become the masters of their souls. But above all, let us get control of education, of the schools. By them we will spread the ideas that are useful to us, and we will mold the childrens brains as we wish".
David Icke writes, in his book "The Trigger" (2019), of the above quotes from Rabbi Rzeichhorn:
Make of that what you will because I can't prove authenticity, but
(a) you have the right to be aware of this information and
(b) there can be no doubt as we observe the world that the plans laid out in the Protocols, by the Sabbatian-Frankist Illuminati and attributed to Rabbi Reichhorn have happened or are happening.
This is so patently obvious that agents of Sabbatian-Frankism, some knowingly, some dupes, have employed the usual fall-back, fit-every-situation technique of condemning as 'antiSemitic' anyone who points this out and asks any questions about the plan described in the Protocols. I am not saying this is all a 'Jewish plot' - I am saying it's a plot by the Sabbatian-Frankist Death Cult that hates and despises Jews and Judaism as it hates and despises everyone else, and that this cult is part of the wider global satanic cult that infests every culture, race and country. On Sabbatian-Frankism I am at one with rabbis such as Marvin S. Antelman and many others.
The Protocols, whatever their origin, have been dismissed as a forgery since the articles by Irish writer Philip Graves in the London Times in 1921 which were also carried by The New York Times. Graves claimed the Protocols resembled a satire on Napoleon III by French lawyer Maurice Joly called Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu ('Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu') published in 1864. This is where the story usually ends. The Protocols were proved to be a forgery in The Times in 1921 - move along now, nothing to see here.
There is, however, other background to consider. Phillip Graves was a captain in British Army Intelligence who worked with 'Lawrence of Arabia', another British agent, who manipulated Palestinian Arabs to drive out the Ottoman Empire and open the way for the new Israel to hijack their land. Graves' uncle was Sir Robert Windham Graves, a British Consul in Turkey and financial advisor to the Turkish government who worked for Civil Intelligence in Cairo, Egypt.
The writer of the articles in The Times was connected to British Army Intelligence and there's more. Peter Grose, a writer with the Council on Foreign Relations, revealed in his 1994 book, Gentleman Spy: The Life of Allen Dulles, that Philip Graves' 'source' for the articles was a 'Russian emigre' provided to him by ... Allen Dulles. What a coincidence. Dulles, a Council on Foreign Relations stalwart, later CIA chief and instigator of the satanic MKUltra mind control horror, 'discovered' his man while stationed at the US Embassy in post-Ottoman Turkey.
The end of the Ottoman Muslim empire (brought about by World War I) was crucial to the establishment of Israel because it included Palestine. Peter Grose said The Times extended a 'loan' to the 'emigre' on the understanding that it did not have to be paid back. An Internet commentator said of the Allen Dulles 'scoop':
This was quite an accomplishment for a young American embassy employee, to both prove the major anti-Jewish plan for world domination was a forgery as well as unilaterally keeping Lenin out of the United States so he could be transported to Russia to begin the communist revolution. Strange coincidences like this seemed to follow both Dulles brothers during their long careers in 'public service' - or should we say 'serving the Anglo-American interests headquartered in the City of London'.
Dulles and dodgy are interchangeable words and Rabbi Antelman said that the Council on Foreign Relations is America's most powerful pro-Israel lobby group and controlled by Sabbatian-Frankists.
The Times articles that trashed the Protocols were written by a British Army Intelligence operative using an unnamed source provided by the infamous liar and manipulator Allen Dulles and the source secured a loan from the newspaper he would not have to repay. Oh, nothing to question here, then. Now shut up you 'anti-Semite'!
Colin Holmes, a lecturer in economic history at the UK's Sheffield University, claimed to have identified the Dulles emigre as Michael Raslovleff, a 'self-identified anti-Semite', who gave the information to Graves because he didn't want to 'give a weapon of any kind to the Jews, whose friend I have never been'. Surely having a document circulating that was alleged to be proof of a 'Jewish plot' is what an 'anti-Semite' would want rather than seeking to trash its legitimacy? Anyway, that's some background and people will have to decide what they think.
–David Icke, "The Trigger", 2019
After reading the above from Icke I had renewed interest in the Protocols and started to do a little research.
Wikipedia is "certain" that the Protocols are a "forgery"; here is what they have to say:
Source material for the forgery consisted jointly of "Dialogue aux enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu" (Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu), an 1864 political satire by Maurice Joly; and a chapter from Biarritz, an 1868 novel by the antisemitic German novelist Hermann Goedsche, which had been translated into Russian in 1872.
Interestingly, however, when one looks up Herman Goedsche and his book Biarritz (again, on wikipedia), one reads:
In his 1868 book Biarritz, Goedsche plagiarized a book by the French satirist Maurice Joly, The Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu
Also "Dialogue aux enfers..." itself appears to be somewhat plagiarized:
Umberto Eco considered that Dialogue in Hell was itself plagiarised in part from a novel by Eugène Sue, Les Mystères du Peuple.
Interesting, what is going on here? But let's continue. Wikipedia says:
Identifiable phrases from Joly constitute 4% of the first half of the first edition, and 12% of the second half
[Australian researcher Peter Myer comments on the above:]
[“Cohn's (whose research the wikipedia entry makes use of) arithmetic is incorrect. The word-count of the parallel passages from the Protocols as listed by Bernstein, is 4,361, while the word-count of the Protocols is 26, 496. That is, the parallel passages comprise 16.45% of the Protocols; this is substantial, but still less than one sixth of the total.”]
So... where does the rest of the book come from?
Back to Wikipedia:
A major source for the Protocols was Der Judenstaat (1896) by Theodor Herzl, which was referred to as Zionist Protocols in its initial French and Russian editions. Paradoxically, early Russian editions of the Protocols assert that they did not come from a Zionist organization.
Stepanov is said to have published the Protocols first around the same time as Herzl's book was published. That's awfully tight timing.
Curious.
The wikipedia page makes no mention of the original Philip Stepanov publication, or Stepanov himself (big omission), but the source authors the page quotes from do. Interesting that.
Time to look into this Stepanov character.
No Wikipedia page that I can find.
The first thing I found was this:
He said that the "Protocols" was not Jewish-Masonic but a Zionist document secretly read at the Zionist Congress in Basle in 1897. (This especially is a foolish notion since an affidavit written by Philip Stepanov, the first publisher, proves that the "Protocols" was first brought to Russia two years before that Congress took place.) source
Two years before!? How can a book that heavily relies on plagiarizing from a book published in 1897, be published two years before in 1895?
I went hunting for this affidavit, and found quotes from it in another document.
A bombshell document...
...that I shall now quote from extensively (source at the end):
According to Philip Stepanov, formerly Procurator of the Moscow Synod, Chamberlain, and Privy Councillor, a copy of The Protocols was given to him in 1895 by his neighbour Maj. Alexis Sukhotin, Marshall of the town of Orel, who had been given his copy by Mlle Justine Glinka. (Sworn statement of Philip Stepanov, dated 17 April 1927).
Glinka, the daughter of a Russian general, had been in France since 1884, working for Gen. Orgevskii, secretary to the Minister of the Interior. Joseph Schorst, a Jewish member of the Mizraim Masonic Lodge in Paris, was in her employ, and offered to obtain a document which became known as The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion. Schorst later fled to Egypt where he was murdered. Returning to Russia, she gave a copy of the Protocols to Alexis Sukhotin, who showed it to Stepanov and Professor Sergius A. Nilus.
In wishing to refute the later allegation that The Protocols were formulated at the 1897 First Zionist Congress in Basle, Herman Bernstein, an early debunker of The Protocols, cites Stepanov’s sworn statement, the handwritten original being reproduced in Mrs Leslie Fry’s book Waters Flowing Eastward. Bernstein states:
"…This account of the history of the Protocols in Russia is accompanied by a facsimile affidavit made in 1927 by Philip Stepanov, one of the two friends to whom Sukhotin first showed the Protocols in Russia. Stepanov's telltale affidavit, translated from the Russian, reads as follows:
"In 1895 my neighboring estate owner in the province of Tula, retired Major Alexey Nikolayevitch Sukhotin, gave me a handwritten copy of the 'Protocols of the Wise Men of Zion.' He told me that a lady of his acquaintance (he did not mention her name), residing in Paris, had found them at the home of a friend of hers (probably of Jewish origin), and before leaving Paris, had translated them secretly, without his knowledge, and had brought one copy of that translation to Russia, and had given that copy to him, Sukhotin.
"At first I mimeographed one hundred copies of the Protocols, but that edition was difficult to read, and I resolved to have it printed somewhere, without mentioning the time, the city and the printer; I was helped in this by Arcady Ippolitovitch Kelepkovsky, who at that time was Privy Councillor with Grand Duke Sergey Alexandrovitch; he had these documents printed at the Provincial Printing Press; that was in 1897. S. A. Nilus reprinted these Protocols in full in his book, with his own commentaries.
"Philip Petrovitch Stepanov, former Procurator of the Moscow Synod Office; Chamberlain, Privy Councillor, and at the time of the publication of that edition, Chief of the district railway service of the Moscow-Kursk railway (in Orel).
"This is the signature of a member of the colony of Russian refugees at Stary and Novy Futog. "Witnessed by me, Stary Futog, April 17, 1927. "Chairman of the Administration of the Colony, "Prince Vladimir Galitzin." (Seal)
–(Herman Bernstein, The Truth About "The Protocols Of Zion": A Complete Exposure, 1971, pp. 37-40. Bernstein quotes from L. Fry's book Waters Flowing Eastward).
...there are internal indications that The Protocols date well prior to 1900-01. For e.g. a reference to "the Panama scandal" of 1888 which caused a furore in France during the 1890s. Also had The Protocols been contrived by Golovinsky ca. 1900 (see source below for more info) or at least sometime after 1896, it seems reasonable that anti-Semites would draw widely on references to Zionism, the First Zionist Congress taking place in 1897. However, there are no references to Zionism at all in The Protocols. The initial opinion of Nilus et al that The Protocols were not derived from the Zionist movement, but from a Jewish faction of Masonry, were correct.
It is particularly interesting that Cohn [historian Norman Cohn, quoted extensively in the wikipdeia entry] bases his refutation of The Protocols on the assertion that they are plagiarised from Maurice Joly’s Dialogues in Hell, and refutes the notion that The Protocols could emanate from the Alliance Israelite Universelle, yet fails to make any mention of the close association that existed between the Alliance’s Adolphe Cremieux and Joly. After all, most of the publicists for The Protocols seem to have considered the association, but Cohn, eager to nick-pick on various details, neglects refuting these most damning connections. Both Cohn and Bernstein were fully aware of Joly’s associations with Cremieux and with Masonry as stated in Mrs Fry’s book Waters Flowing Eastward (both mention the book) yet they say nothing of these associations. We must therefore assume that Mrs Fry’s assertions regarding Joly, Masonry and Cremieux are correct.
Whilst we shall shortly deal with the alleged parallels between passages of The Protocols and Joly’s work, we shall first deal with background of Joly that Cohn, Bernstein et al conspicuously avoid. Joly (1831-1878) had a family background in Masonry from his maternal grandfather. Studying law, he secured a post in he Ministry of the Interior. In 1860 he founded a newspaper, Le Palais, for lawyers and attorneys. The principal stockholders were: Jules Favre (Mason who served in the Gambetta Government, the so-called Government of National Defence, which arose after the fall of Napoleon III in 1870), Desmaret (Mason), Leblond (Mason), Adolphe Cremieux, Mason and head of the Alliance Israelite Universelle, a member of the Gambetta Government, of whom more later), Emmanuel Arago, Mason, serving with Gambetta), and Antoine Berryer (apparently the only non-Mason around Joly).
Joly’s politics were self-described as "socialist", with the need to accept "extreme means". With Cremieux he shared a hatred of Napoleon III. However what The Times, as well as subsequent critics of The Protocols do not mention is that Joly’s polemic against Napoleon III was itself predated by a similar work entitled Machiavelli, Montesquieu, Rousseau, which was written by Jacob Venedey and published in Berlin in 1850. Therefore, Joly was continuing a certain polemical line of thought rather than inventing it. If there are similarities between Joly and The Protocols, then there are also similarities with Venedey. All three for instance refer to the Hindu God Vishnu in parallel passages.
According to the expert testimony of Col. Fleischhauer at the 1935 Berne Trial, Joly was himself Jewish, his name having been originally Joseph Levy, Joly being concocted out of four letters of his true name. This testimony was said to have caused a sensation in the courtroom. When the plaintiffs produced a "baptismal certificate" to prove that Joly was not Jewish, it was dated December 1829, i.e. several years prior to Joly’s real date of birth according to his own account.
Since Venedey, a communist, takes a position antithetical to Joly, his champion being Machiavelli, we can see here a dialectical process in operation, that was brought to revolutionary perfection by Marx and the communists, and has arguably been used by the ‘Elders of Zion’. The dialectical strategy consists of promoting tension in society to achieve change. This includes the promotion of ideas and movements seemingly antithetical to ones own aims in the short term to advance long-range aims. Hence, the seemingly contradictory and self-destructive phenomenon of international bankers financing supposedly anti-capitalist revolutions to bring down traditional societies, as we shall see in due course. That the dialectical process is operative here can be inferred from the fact that Cremieux was the mentor of both Venedey and Joly. Hence the seemingly contradictory, antithetical positions of Venedey and Joly represent two sides of the programme of the ‘Learned Elder’.
Venedey (1805-1871) was a Jew who sought refuge in France, due to his revolutionary activities in Germany. He was removed from Paris by the police, but was able to return due to the intercession of Arago (whom we have seen was to become a stockholder in Joly’s newspaper) and Francois Mignet, both friends of Cremieux. Venedey was closely associated with Karl Marx and helped establish the Communist International, and was also active in the Masonic order Bauhutte.
Masonry, Illuminati & The Rite of Mizraim
Mrs Fry and other authorities on The Protocols have claimed that the documents were taken from a Lodge of the Masonic Rite of Mizraim, by one of its Jewish members, Joseph Schorst. Whilst this suggestion is of course rubbished out of hand by Cohn et al, once again the Protocols deniers remain strangely mute as to the role of both Cremieux and Joly in Mizraim.
Cremieux was a prominent member of Mizraim as well as Scottish Rite Masonry and the Grand Orient. Cremieux was a member of the Supreme Council of the Order of Mizraim. He also became Grand Master of the unified Grand Orient and Scottish Rite Masonry.
The Aegpytian Rite of Mizraim or Misraim was founded in Milan, Italy in 1805 and transferred to France in 1814. Mizraim is Hebrew for Egypt. Its origins reach back to the cabalistic magician Cagliostro, who was an initiate of the Illuminati. But the Misraim-Rite was (and still is) not accepted by Regular Freemasonry.
In 1862, another irregular rite, the Memphis Rite was introduced to the USA. On 4th June 1872, John Yarker introduced the Memphis-Rite to England. Under his jurisdiction, Memphis and Misraim came together. This unification was called The Antient and Primitive Rite of Memphis and Misraim, or Memphis-Misraim.
In 1902 Theodor Reuss, a German espionage agent, gained sanction from Yarker to install the Scottish Rite (33 degrees) and the "irregular" MM-Rites (90 and 97 degrees) in Germany. In 1917, Reuss introduced some of the Scottish Rite and MM degrees into the Ordo Templi Orientis, an occult society founded in 1906. This OTO was to be taken over by the infamous "Black Magician" and self-declared "Great Beast 666", Aleister Crowley. Crowley, a cabalist, was to write his own manifesto for a "New World Order", which he called The Book of the Law, expounding a Nietzschean doctrine of "Force and Fire" on the ruins of Christianity. Crowley saw his movement as being a continuation of the Illuminati and counted its founder Adam Weishaupt among a long list of "saints". A major difference of course is that Crowley did not have the resources and influence of Organised Jewry.
In 1870 the Rite of Mizraim was established in England under the authority of Cremieux. Bro. Little, one of those at the founding conference of Mizraim in London, on 28 December, stated:
"…Brother Cremieux, however, as a proof of his willingness to assist, sent to the meeting his diploma as a member of the French Grand College of Rites, and this diploma was placed upon the table during the proceedings, and was examined by several out of the hundred Masons present. It was also understood that Brother C.'s diploma invested him with the power to found rites or orders recognized by the Grand Orient of France (the Rite of Misraim being one)…"
The Freemason reported that a
"Supreme Council General of the 90°, had been regularly formed here 'under the authority conveyed in a diploma granted to the Illustrious Brother Cremieux, 33° of the Rite Ecossais, and a member of the Grand College of Rites in France.'"
Bernstein and Cohn rubbish any such notion of Masonic involvement in any conspiracy, including involvement in the French Revolution. This repudiation is necessary on their part, since Masonry plays a major factor in the conspiracy expounded in The Protocols. We shall consider the role of Masonry and the Illuminati in due course. Suffice it here to cite several eminent sources that can hardly be said to be anti-Semitic. Benjamin Disraeli, the Jewish Victorian era Prime Minister of Britain and intimate of the Rothschild banking dynasty, one of the mainstays of Jewish world influence, states in terms themselves reminiscent of The Protocols:
"When the secret societies, in February 1848, surprised Europe, they were themselves surprised by the unexpected opportunity, and so little capable were they of seizing the occasion, that had it not been for the Jews, who of late years unfortunately have been connecting themselves with these unhallowed associations, imbecile as were the governments the uncalled-for outbreak would not have ravaged Europe. But the fiery energy and the teeming resources of the children of Israel maintained for a long time the unnecessary and useless struggle. If the reader throws over the provisional governments of Germany, and Italy, and even of France, formed at that period, he will recognise everywhere the Jewish element. Even the insurrection, and defence, and administration of Venice, which, from the resource of statesmanlike moderation displayed, commanded almost the respect and sympathy of Europe, were accomplished by a Jew - Manini, who by the bye is a Jew who professes the whole of the Jewish religion, and believes in Calvary as well as Sinai, 'a converted Jew', as the Lombards styled him, quite forgetting, in the confusion of their ideas, that it is the Lombards who are the converts - not Manini."
Secondly we have a remarkable statement from Leon Trotsky, the Jewish revolutionary who became commander of the Red Army and with Lenin the most powerful man in the USSR:
"It was during that period that I became interested in freemasonry. ... In the eighteenth century freemasonry became expressive of a militant policy of enlightenment, as in the case of the Illuminati, who were the forerunners of the revolution; on its left it culminated in the Carbonari. Freemasons counted among their members both Louis XVI and the Dr. Guillotin who invented the guillotine. In southern Germany freemasonry assumed an openly revolutionary character, whereas at the court of Catherine the Great it was a masquerade reflecting the aristocratic and bureaucratic hierarchy. A freemason Novikov was exiled to Siberia by a freemason Empress. . I discontinued my work on freemasonry to take up the study of Marxian economics. ... The work on freemasonry acted as a sort of test for these hypotheses. ... I think this influenced the whole course of my intellectual development.".
Note that Trotsky not only refers to Masonry as a major factor in revolutionary ferment, but how it had also infiltrated the hierarchy of the old order it was about to overthrow, and that both the Illuminati and the Italian Carbonari were involved. Yet Bernstein and Cohn dismiss such sentiments when expressed by Robison et al as "fantasy". Bernstein also opines that the Illuminati were a "rival" of Masonry and did not survive its banning by the Elector of Bavaria. As we shall see, this opinion is naïve at best.
Thirdly, Bernard Lazare traces the Jewish influence on Masonry and the Illuminati, as follows:
"…It is true of course that there were Jews connected with Freemasonry from its birth, students of the Kabbala, as shown by certain rites which survive. It is very probable too that in the years preceding the French Revolution, they entered in greater numbers than ever, into the councils of the secret societies, becoming, indeed, themselves the founders of secret associations. There were Jews in the circle around Weishaupt, and a Jew of Portuguese origin, Martinez de Pasquales, established numerous groups of Illuminati in France and gathered a large number of disciples, who he instructed in the doctrines of reintegration. The lodges which Martinez founded were mystic in character, whereas the other orders of Freemasonry were, on the whole, rationalistic in their teachings. This might almost lead one to say that the secret societies gave expression in a way to the two fold nature of the Jew, on the one hand a rigid rationalism, on the other that pantheism which… often ended in a sort of Cabalistic theurgy. There would be little difficulty in showing how these two tendencies worked in harmony; how Cazotte, Cagliostro, Martinez [de Pasquales]… were practically in alliance with the Encyclopaedists and the Jacobins, succeeded in arriving at the same end, the undermining, namely, of Christianity."
The Protocols (if obtained in 1884) refer to the Panama Canal scandal years before the scandal had become public knowledge (in 1892). Therefore whoever wrote The Protocols must have had inside knowledge of high powered financial manipulation.
We have already noted that The Protocols did not originate with the Zionist movement. This was the original opinion of Nilus and others, although subsequently modified after Zionism became an influential movement among the Jews. In fact, the majority of the most prominent figures of World Jewry were opposed to Zionism, and some Orthodox Jews are still antagonistic on the basis that Israel was not to be recreated until after the advent of the King-Messiah.
The principal allegation levelled at the supposed forgers of The Protocols is that the purpose is to foment "anti-Semitism". However, the following is a remarkable passage from The Protocols in which it is said that "anti-Semitism" serves the purposes of the "Elders of Zion" in keeping the Jewish masses herded under their leadership.
As one might say today, this seems to be something of a "protection racket". The Jewish masses are being milked of millions of dollars every year to fill the coffers not only of Israel but of numerous "Jewish defence" organisations such as the Anti-Defamation League, which continually feed the Jews the line that a pogrom or a new "Holocaust" is just around the corner if Jews don’t keep donating. Here is what The Protocols say about "anti-Semitism". It is surely a strange passage if the authors are anti-Semites wishing to incite pogroms:
"Nowadays if any States raise a protest against us it is only pro forma at our discretion, and by our direction, for their antiSemitism is indispensable to us for the management of our lesser brethren. I will not enter into further explanations, for this matter has formed the subject of repeated discussions amongst us." (Prot. IX)
There is much, much more to this story; what I have quoted above are abridged excerpts.
The full document is a fascinating read and you can read it here:
The PROTOCOLS of ZION In Context By Dr. K. R. Bolton (PDF)
"But you yourselves perfectly well know that to produce the possibility of the expression of such wishes by all the nations it is indispensable to trouble in all countries the people's relations with their governments so as to utterly exhaust humanity with dissension, hatred, struggle, envy and even by the use of torture, by starvation, BY THE INOCULATION OF DISEASES, by want, so that the goyim see no other issue than to take refuge in our complete sovereignty in money and in all else. But if we give the nations of the world a breathing space the moment we long for is hardly likely ever to arrive."
Protocol 10
The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion
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2020.09.08 15:31 readingrachelx Housewife highlights/Daily shit talk - September 8th, 2020

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2020.09.07 15:39 rusticgorilla Lost in the Sauce: DHS hides intelligence that reveals Trump using Russia's playbook, again

Welcome to Lost in the Sauce, keeping you caught up on political and legal news that often gets buried in distractions and theater… or a global health crisis.
Housekeeping:

Trump’s playbook is Russia’s playbook

The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in July withheld an intelligence bulletin warning of a Russian plot to spread misinformation regarding Joe Biden's mental health. The bulletin, titled “Russia Likely to Denigrate Health of U.S. Candidates to Influence 2020 Election,” was blocked by the office of acting DHS Secretary Chad Wolf on July 9.
  • The bulletin states that analysts had “high confidence” in their conclusion. However, a DHS spokesperson tried to defend the “delay” in issuing the document by saying it did not meet the agency’s standards. This is curious because just a week later, on July 16, DHS circulated a bulletin on anarchists in Portland that officers admitted they had “low confidence” in. Why was the Russia memo held back but the Portland one released?
  • Trump has been pushing the same line of attack against Biden for months - yet another instance of Russia and Trump operating from the same playbook. For instance, in March Trump said there was “something going on” with Biden; in June Trump ran selectively edited ads asserting that Biden is “unfit to serve as Commander in Chief”; last month Trump ran a digital ad portraying Biden as perpetually confused and mentally unstable. Most recently, Trump said questions about his own health are only in the news because “they want to try and get me to be on Biden's physical level."
DHS is just the latest agency in the Trump administration to erode election security, following actions by the Justice Department and the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) last month. DNI John Ratcliffe announced he was ending in-person congressional briefings on election security ahead of November and AG Bill Barr removed a leading career official at the Justice Department’s national security division, replacing him with an inexperienced political appointee.
The ODNI’s decision to halt congressional election briefs may have been influenced by top White House officials. National Security Adviser Robert O’Brien and Chief of Staff Mark Meadows, among others, have repeatedly discussed in meetings with staff and with Trump “how to restrict and control the flow of information on such sensitive topics to Capitol Hill.”
One White House official told The Daily Beast that Meadows has for months been wary of the type of briefings on Capitol Hill that Democratic sources can potentially use to try to make Trump look bad through surreptitious leaks to media outlets.
Meanwhile, interim Chair of the Senate Intelligence Committee Marco Rubio (R-FL) said last week that his committee will be granted an exception to the ODNI’s new policy and continue to receive in-person briefings from top U.S. intelligence officials about election-security issues. This essentially means that only Democrat-led committees have been cut out of the process ensuring election security.
House Democrats wrote to Ratcliffe insinuating if his office does not provide the previously scheduled briefings this month they will issue subpoenas and/or defund the ODNI in the appropriations bill due by the end of the month. Read the letter here.
In addition to attacks on Biden’s health, DHS has determined that Russia is seeking to “amplify” concerns over the integrity of U.S. elections by promoting allegations that mail-in voting will lead to widespread fraud. Intelligence analysts say this strategy has been underway since at least March, coinciding with Trump’s own assaults on mail-in voting.
  • For instance, in March Trump said if he agreed to funding vote-by-mail expansions in the first coronavirus stimulus bill, the U.S. would see “levels of voting that, if you ever agreed to it, you’d never have a Republican elected in this country again” (clip). Fact check: Neither party has historically benefited. On April 7, at the White House press briefing, Trump claimed: "Mail ballots are a very dangerous thing for this country, because they're cheaters… They're fraudulent in many cases" (clip). Fact check: There is no evidence that mail ballots are dangerous or fraudulent.
At a White House press briefing on Friday, Trump denied there is any proof that Russia poisoned opposition leader Alexei Navalny. Instead of backing the German government's analysis of Nalvany's illness, Trump then redirected the criticism from Russia to China (clip).
"I don't know exactly what happened. I think it's tragic. It's terrible; it shouldn't happen. We haven't had any proof yet, but I will take a look. It is interesting that everybody is always mentioning Russia - and I don't mind you mentioning Russia - but I think probably China, at this point, is a nation that you should be talking about much more so than Russia. Because the things that China's doing are far worse.”
Trump then went on to say he’s “taken stronger action against Russia than any other country in the world,” but added “I do get along with President Putin” (clip).
  • RELATED: Leaked notes obtained by the Telegraph say that when Theresa May asked for Trump to take a strong stand after Russia poisoned Sergei Skripal, Trump replied “I’d rather follow than lead.” He pushed May to “put together a coalition” first.
The Trump administration plans to deport a Russian national living in America, a move experts say is in response to a politically motivated request by Russia. Gregory Duralev was persecuted by the Russian state for exposing corruption. He fled to America and applied for asylum in 2015. While waiting for a decision on his application, he was arrested by ICE and jailed for nearly 18 months. His case is now in court.
“DHS has acted no better than the Russian authorities,” Duralev said. “They simply fabricated charges against me for violations I never committed — and if DHS can trump up charges against immigrants with impunity, nobody can guarantee they won’t start doing it” to regular Americans. “So that’s the main message I now hope to send.”

Michael Cohen & Peter Strzok

Former FBI agent Peter Strzok has a book coming out called “Compromised.” In it, he alleges that FBI investigators came to believe it was “conceivable, if unlikely” that Russia was secretly controlling President Trump after he took office:
“We certainly had evidence that this was the case: that Trump, while gleefully wreaking havoc on America’s political institutions and norms, was pulling his punches when it came to our historic adversary, Russia,” Strzok writes. “Given what we knew or had cause to suspect about Trump’s compromising behavior in the weeks, months, and years leading up to the election, moreover, it also seemed conceivable, if unlikely, that Moscow had indeed pulled off the most stunning intelligence achievement in human history: secretly controlling the president of the United States — a Manchurian candidate elected.”
He now says he doesn’t believe that Trump is literally a Russian spy: “I don’t think that Trump, when he meets with Putin, receives a task list for the next quarter,” Strzok said, referencing the Russian president, Vladimir Putin. “But I do think the president is compromised, that he is unable to put the interests of our nation first, that he acts from hidden motives, because there is leverage over him, held specifically by the Russians but potentially others as well.”
In an interview with Politico, Strzok confirms that he and then-deputy FBI Director Andrew McCabe, opened a counterintelligence case on the president, but that it likely was never pursued. Two weeks ago, NYT reported that Rosenstein secretly closed it.
As if there weren’t enough political books coming out this summefall, Michael Cohen is releasing his, called “Disloyal: A Memoir.” The following a couple of quick takeaways:
Cohen says that he, Trump, Aras Agalarov, Emin Agalarov, and others, watched a strip show in Las Vegas where one performer simulated peeing on another performer, who pretended to drink it. Trump reportedly reacted with “delight.” Aras Agalarov, a Russian real estate mogul, is a trusted associate of Putin and reportedly served as a liaison between Trump and the Russian president during Trump’s trip to Moscow.
WaPo:
On Russia, Cohen writes that the cause behind Trump’s admiration of Russian President Vladimir Putin is simpler than many of his critics assume. Above all, he writes, Trump loves money — and he wrongly identified Putin as “the richest man in the world by a multiple.” Trump loved Putin, Cohen wrote, because the Russian leader had the ability “to take over an entire nation and run it like it was his personal company — like the Trump Organization, in fact.”
...According to Cohen, Trump’s sycophantic praise of the Russian leader during the 2016 campaign began as a way to suck up and ensure access to the oligarch’s money after he lost the election. But he claims Trump came to understand that Putin’s hatred of Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton, dating to her support for the 2011 protest movement in Russia, could also help Trump amass more power in the United States.

USPS & mail voting

According to a Washington Post report yesterday, Postmaster Louis DeJoy engaged in campaign money laundering, also called a straw-donor scheme, at his former logistics business. Five of his former employees told WaPo that they were “urged” to donate to politicians in North Carolina and would be paid back through bonuses from DeJoy. Such a plan would allow DeJoy to illegally circumvent campaign donation limits.
“Louis was a national fundraiser for the Republican Party. He asked employees for money. We gave him the money, and then he reciprocated by giving us big bonuses,” said David Young, DeJoy’s longtime director of human resources, who had access to payroll records at New Breed from the late 1990s to 2013 and is now retired.
“He would ask employees to make contributions at the same time that he would say, ‘I’ll get it back to you down the road,’ ” said [another] former employee.
...A Washington Post analysis of federal and state campaign finance records found a pattern of extensive donations by New Breed employees to Republican candidates, with the same amount often given by multiple people on the same day. Between 2000 and 2014, 124 individuals who worked for the company together gave more than $1 million to federal and state GOP candidates. Many had not previously made political donations, and have not made any since leaving the company, public records show.
More than one million mail-in ballots were sent late to voters during the 2020 primary elections, an audit by the USPS IG’s office determined. Most of the ballots were late, the USPS says, because local election boards sent the ballots to voters at the last minute. Official press release.
[The audit] found the problems during primaries had been most pronounced in Kentucky and New York, where a combined 628,000 ballots were sent out late. In 17 states, the audit found, more than 589,000 ballots were sent from election boards to voters after the state’s ballot mailing deadline. In 11 states, more than 44,000 ballots were sent from election boards to voters the day of or the day before the state’s primary election.
One particularly troubling situation, auditors found, unfolded in Pennsylvania, where 500 ballots were sent to voters the day after the election.
Furthermore, only 13% of the ballots were mailed with the recommended bar code tracking technology.
Florida Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz (D) was blocked from attending two scheduled tours of USPS facilities last week. Local Postal Service officials informed her and union leaders waiting to accompany her into the building that national USPS leadership had directed them to bar the group from the building. A Postal Service spokeswoman said they simply needed more notice for a tour.
Many states, including important battleground states, are not legally permitted to process mail-in/absentee ballots until Election Day, leading to concern that results will be delayed by days or weeks. For instance, in Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, and Michigan election officials cannot even begin processing ballots until Election Day. Processing involves opening envelopes, flattening ballots to run through the scanning machine, and prepping for the scanning.
"When voters have to wait so long for results, it erodes trust in the process and leaves room for partisan bad actors to dispute the will of the people," said Amber McReynolds, CEO of the National Vote at Home Institute, a nonprofit organization.
AG Bill Barr made three stunning false claims about mail voting during an interview with Wolf Blitzer last week. First, Barr wouldn’t even acknowledge that voting twice is a crime - because just hours earlier, Trump encouraged his North Carolina supporters to vote twice to “test” the state’s mail-in voting system (clip).
BLITZER: It sounds like he’s encouraging people to break the law and try to vote twice.
BARR: It seems to me what he’s saying is, he’s trying to make the point that the ability to monitor this system is not good. And it was so good, if you tried to vote a second time you would be caught if you voted in person.
BLITZER: That would be illegal if they did that. If somebody mailed in a ballot and then actually showed up to vote in person, that would be illegal.
BARR: "I don't know what the law in the particular state says.”
BLITZER: You can’t vote twice.
BARR: "I don't know what the law in the particular state says.”
Then, Barr tried to assert that foreign countries could fake ballots, but when challenged he admitted he had no evidence (clip).
BLITZER: You’ve said you were worried that a foreign country could send thousands of fake ballots, thousands of fake ballots to people that it might be impossible to detect. What are you basing that on?
BARR: I’m basing — as I’ve said repeatedly, I’m basing that on logic.
BLITZER: Pardon?
BARR: Logic.
Finally, Barr cited a supposed incident of mail-in voting fraud in Texas. Too bad it doesn’t exist.

The payroll

Charles Rettig, the Trump-appointed IRS Commissioner who has refused to release President Trump’s tax returns, has made hundreds of thousands of dollars renting out Trump properties while in office. Rettig makes $100,000 - $200,000 a year from two units at Trump International Waikiki. When first nominated, Rettig failed to disclose his financial ties to Trump Waikiki. When questioned by Congress, he did not directly answer concerns about the properties.
CREW: With Trump’s name removed from some buildings as it began to hurt property values, we can only imagine how toxic it would become if a bombshell in his tax returns were released. Which means the IRS Commissioner has a vested interest in the success of the Trump brand—and of preventing anything that could damage it.
Voice of America staffers say Trump appointee Michael Pack is threatening to wash away legal protections intended to insulate their news reports from political meddling. Since arriving, Pack has fired the network's leaders, pushed out agency executives, refused to approve allotted budgets, and refused to renew visas for foreign employees.
  • Further reading: “Deleted Biden video sets off a crisis at Voice of America,” Politico.
Pack suggested the staff he fired and foreign journalists he essentially kicked out may have been foreign spies, without offering any evidence to support his claim. A group of 14 senior VOA journalists are openly disputing his explanation:
“Mr. Pack has made a thin excuse that his actions are meant to protect national security, but just as was the case with the McCarthy ‘Red Scare,’ which targeted VOA and other government organizations in the mid-1950s, there has not been a single demonstrable case of any individual working for VOA — as the USAGM CEO puts it — ‘posing as a spy,’ ” they wrote.
The White House is searching for a replacement for Federal Trade Commission Chair Joe Simons, a Republican who has publicly resisted President Donald Trump’s efforts to crack down on social media companies. Simons, a veteran antitrust lawyer, cannot legally be removed by the president except in cases of gross negligence. But the White House has already interviewed at least one candidate for the post.
  • RELATED: The Justice Department plans to bring an antitrust case against Google as soon as this month, after Attorney General William P. Barr overruled career lawyers who said they needed more time to build a strong case.
Richard Grenell, formerly the highest-ranking out gay official in the Trump administration, has joined a law firm founded by Pat Robertson that has a history of opposing LGBTQ+ rights. Grenell also recently joined the Republican National Committee to do outreach to LGBTQ+ voters.
The Trump administration has quietly named a new acting State Department inspector general. Matthew Klimow, the U.S. ambassador to Turkmenistan since mid-2019, is the third acting IG since Trump and Pompeo ousted Senate-confirmed IG Steve Linick in May.
Mick Mulvaney, Trump’s current special envoy to Northern Ireland, former Chief of Staff, and former acting head of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, is starting a hedge fund focused on financial services regulation. Ethics experts say Mulvaney explicitly using his knowledge of CFPB to place bets for and against companies gives him an unfair and perhaps illegal advantage.

Court and DOJ matters

Court cases
The Trump administration must, for now, stop winding down in-person counting efforts for the 2020 census, a federal judge in California ordered.
The three-judge panel hearing a challenge to Trump’s new anti-immigrant census policy seemed hostile to the government’s arguments in a hearing last week.
A federal judge has stopped the Trump administration from enforcing a rule change that would let health care providers deny medical services to LGBTQ patients on the grounds of religion.
Justice Department
Federal prosecutors are preparing to charge longtime GOP fundraiser Elliott Broidy in connection with efforts to influence the U.S. government on behalf of foreign interests. Broidy helped raise millions for Donald Trump’s election and the Republican Party.
Barr ordered another round of changes to FISA rules, tightening the use of government surveillance on political candidates or their staffers — a move conservatives will likely cheer, as they have long criticized how the FBI investigated the Trump campaign in 2016.
Before conducting physical searches or wiretaps of a federal election official, members of the official's staff, candidates for federal office, or their staff or advisers, the FBI must now consider giving them a "defensive briefing," to tell them that they could be the target of foreign influence.
submitted by rusticgorilla to Keep_Track [link] [comments]


2020.09.06 14:40 AB1908 Fact check: Trump was tougher on Russia than the previous administration

You can see my previous fact checks here and here. I've seen an oft repeated claim on /AskTrumpSupporters by a certain user stating the following:
Trump is tougher on Russia than your softball administration ever was (1) (2) (3) (4)
The evidence does not appear to (strongly) support the conclusion. I have attempted to read through all four articles as well as their corresponding citations and I present my findings here. I would also welcome any feedback or corrections in any form. I doubt a limited amount of reading would present a full picture of the scenario.

Analysis of given articles

Article 1

From [1] which, to note, is an op-ed:
For starters, it was President Obama who, according to Reuters, was “caught on camera” saying to a Russian leader that he’ll have more flexibility after the election — not President Trump.
This excerpt cites an article from Reuters [2] and has been mischaracterised as can be seen below:
The exchange, parts of it inaudible, was monitored by a White House pool of television journalists as well as Russian reporters listening live from their press center.
The United States and NATO have offered Russia a role in the project to create an anti-ballistic shield which includes participation by Romania, Poland, Turkey and Spain.
But Moscow says it fears the system could weaken Russia by gaining the capability to shoot down the nuclear missiles it relies on as a deterrent.
It wants a legally binding pledge from the United States that Russia’s nuclear forces would not be targeted by the system and joint control of how it is used.
“This is my last election ... After my election I have more flexibility,” Obama said, expressing confidence that he would win a second term.
Additionally, this was in 2012, during his re-election, much prior to the 2014 annexation of Crimea and thus, is not relevant to the discussion in any way. However, subsequent paragraphs in the article do appear to make accurate claims such as addition of new sanctions that directly penalised President Putin's inner circle and several wealthy individuals. It is also noted that the sanctions from the previous administration remained in place which, although true, aren't exactly helping the point of President Trump's administration being "tougher on Russia".
The following excerpt from the article states that he made even more progress by signing Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act, CAATSA, in 2017.
In August 2017, Trump signed a bill slapping even more sanctions on Russia — this time specifically aimed at the country’s energy and defense industries. Congress made the legislation Trump-proof, meaning that no executive order could ever undo such sanctions; yet Trump signed it anyway.
This excerpt cites a piece from CNBC [3] which states the following:
Trump and his secretary of State, Rex Tillerson, had expressed concerns about the sanctions’ possible effects on U.S. relations with Russia. The administration has pushed to improve relations with Moscow but has gotten tripped up by the probe into Russian attempts to affect the election and whether the Trump campaign colluded with the Kremlin.
In a statement after the signing, Trump said he wanted to “punish and deter bad behavior” by North Korea and Iran. The president wanted to make “clear that America will not tolerate interference in our democratic process.”
However, Trump argued that the measure “encroaches on executive power, disadvantages American companies and hurts the interests of our European allies.” Trump needs congressional approval to roll back sanctions under the measure.
This is corroborated by a statement from The White House [4]:
Since this bill was first introduced, I have expressed my concerns to Congress about the many ways it improperly encroaches on Executive power, disadvantages American companies, and hurts the interests of our European allies.
My Administration has attempted to work with Congress to make this bill better. We have made progress and improved the language to give the Treasury Department greater flexibility in granting routine licenses to American businesses, people, and companies. The improved language also reflects feedback from our European allies – who have been steadfast partners on Russia sanctions – regarding the energy sanctions provided for in the legislation. The new language also ensures our agencies can delay sanctions on the intelligence and defense sectors, because those sanctions could negatively affect American companies and those of our allies.
Still, the bill remains seriously flawed – particularly because it encroaches on the executive branch’s authority to negotiate. Congress could not even negotiate a healthcare bill after seven years of talking. By limiting the Executive’s flexibility, this bill makes it harder for the United States to strike good deals for the American people, and will drive China, Russia, and North Korea much closer together. The Framers of our Constitution put foreign affairs in the hands of the President. This bill will prove the wisdom of that choice.
Yet despite its problems, I am signing this bill for the sake of national unity. It represents the will of the American people to see Russia take steps to improve relations with the United States. We hope there will be cooperation between our two countries on major global issues so that these sanctions will no longer be necessary.
Some critics noted that the imposition of sanctions was far too slow as the bill had been signed in August but sanctions were imposed in April. The administration deserves criticism for failing to miss its October 1 deadline of producing a list individuals to be sanctioned but they still deserve credit for the move in its entirety [5].
Here is yet another excerpt:
In fact it was Trump — not Obama — who ordered the closure of Russian diplomatic properties in San Francisco, Washington, D.C., and New York City that appeared to be a threat to American security.
This is misleading as it cites a piece by NYT [6] that clearly states the following:
The administration’s response had been expected for the past month, since Russia ordered the American Mission to cut its staff by 755 people — a sign of its displeasure after Congress imposed sanctions because of Russia’s meddling in the 2016 presidential election.
President Trump has kept his distance from the dispute. He expressed gratitude, rather than anger, toward Mr. Putin when was asked about the Russian president’s action to reduce American diplomatic personnel.
“I want to thank him because we’re trying to cut down the payroll,” Mr. Trump said, “and as far as I’m concerned, I’m very thankful that he let go a lot of a large number of people, because now we have a smaller payroll.”
Mr. Putin’s move was also a delayed reaction to President Barack Obama’s expulsion of 35 Russian diplomats and his seizure of two Russian diplomatic compounds last year. Mr. Obama was acting after American intelligence agencies concluded that Russia attempted to influence the 2016 election. The administration said there was no decision on whether the Russian government would be allowed to take back those facilities.
The rest of the article seems to be fairly accurate except for engaging in a hypothetical in the following excerpt:
To be sure, Obama kicked 35 Russian diplomats out of the country after suspected election meddling by Russia, but only after Trump won the 2016 election. It is questionable whether he would have done so had Hillary Clinton succeeded in being the victor.
and making the following misleading claim:
Furthermore, it was President Trump who led the world in expelling Russian diplomats after the Russian government was suspected of carrying out a nerve agent attack in the United Kingdom against one of their former spies. President Trump moved swiftly to expel 60 Russian diplomats from U.S. soil, and other countries followed suit by expelling dozens as well.
As evidenced by the Reuters article cited in the above excerpt, the administration actually joined other countries instead with Australia joining in later [7]. However, it may have been referring to the claim that it was expelling the highest number of diplomats, in which case it would be accurate but again, not noteworthy as it likely has the highest number of diplomats of all nations involved [citation needed]. The article, however, goes on to note that he had expressed sentiments earlier of wanting to work together. To quote:
Trump, who before he took office in January last year promised warmer ties with Putin, last week congratulated the Russian leader on his re-election, drawing criticism from Republicans and Democrats alike. Trump said the two leaders had made tentative plans to meet in the “not too distant future”.
He did not bring up the poisoning attack in his phone call with Putin.
Trump himself was silent on Monday on Twitter, where he often comments about his policy decisions. However, the White House said later it would like to have a “cooperative relationship” with Russia.
“The president wants to work with the Russians but their actions sometimes don’t allow that to happen,” White House spokesman Raj Shah told a news briefing. “The poisoning in the U.K. that has kind of led to today’s announcement was a very brazen action. It was a reckless action.”
Overall, the article does have some valid points regarding the sanctions but a thorough analysis of its effects are required before we can objectively conclude it has been "tough on Russia". A report from the Congressional Research Service may prove useful for said analysis. Still, I would say this does appear to support the claim of the President being "tough on Russia" but whether it was "tougher than your previous softball administration" remains to be examined.

Article 2

The Washington Post op-ed by Sen. Dan Sullivan (R-AK) [8] also appears to make a few misleading claims. With regards to the Pentagon budget:
More broadly, under Obama, the Pentagon’s budget was slashed by 25 percent from 2010 to 2016.
This cites a report by the Heritage Foundation [9] that states the following:
In total, since FY 2010, the defense budget, including overseas contingency operations (OCO) spending, has been cut 25 percent in inflation-adjusted dollars.[10]
FY 2010 and FY 2011. While the FY 2010 budget slightly increased the defense budget, the department began cancelling major programs that year. For the FY 2010 budget, the department announced:
  • Cancellation of the F-22 Raptor fighter aircraft;
  • Cancellation of the VH-71 presidential helicopter;
  • Cancellation of the vehicle portion of the Future Combat System;
  • Cancellation of missile defense programs, including the Airborne Laser and the Multi-Kill Vehicle;
  • Cancellation of the CSAR-X search and rescue helicopter; and
  • The end of C-17 Globemaster III military transport production at 205 aircraft.[11]
In FY 2011, the cuts focused on modernization spending:
  • Ending C-17 production at 223. (Congress blocked the first attempt.)
  • Cancelling the F-35 alternate engine program.
  • Cancelling the CG(X) future large cruiser.
  • Cancelling the Navy’s EP-X future intelligence aircraft.[12]
In some cases, these cuts were necessary because the program requirements were not a high priority or because the program was too costly. On the other hand, other cancellations have led to serious problems for the military today.
Note that this is also somewhat contentious as this is fails to take into account the fact that the (then) administration started pulling out of Iraq and was also bipartisan, as stated in a fact check by Politifact [10]:
Has the military budget dropped under Obama, and if so, who is to blame?
Overall spending on national security includes the Pentagon budget as well as spending by other agencies, such as the Energy Department’s work on nuclear weapons. Spending increased in 2010 and 2011, but it has fallen every year for four years since then by a cumulative 15 percent.
Other ways of looking at the question show declines as well. National security spending made up 20.1 percent of the federal budget in 2010, but in 2015 it was 15.9 percent. Over the same period, spending fell from 4.6 percent of gross domestic product to 3.3 percent.
There are two main reasons for the spending drop. The first is the Obama administration’s decision to start removing U.S. troops from Iraq and Afghanistan. The second has to do with a process known as sequestration.
Sequestration refers to the framework for automatic, across-the-board cuts to both military and non-military spending that were originally designed to force bipartisan negotiators in Congress to strike a deal in 2011. When negotiations fell apart, the cuts went into effect.
The bipartisan nature of the sequestration provision means that both parties merit a share of the blame, experts say.
The most recent Obama budget proposed a 7.8 percent increase in the base Defense Department budget between 2015 and 2016. The spending bill enacted this fall puts the defense budget on a path to start growing in fiscal year 2016, up about 6 percent from the previous year.
"It’s still not quite as much as the president requested, but it’s much closer," said Todd Harrison, director of defense budget analysis at the Center for Strategic and International Studies.
Another claim made is the following:
After Russia invaded Ukraine in 2014, Ukrainian leaders desperately requested from President Barack Obama defensive anti-tank weapons systems that could fend off the invading Russian T-72 tanks in eastern Ukraine. In 2015, members of the Senate Armed Services Committee — Democrats and Republicans — encouraged Obama to grant this request to help Ukraine defend itself. Obama refused. Soon after coming into office, Trump changed course , and the Ukrainians now have Javelin anti-tank weapons systems from the United States. Russian tank drivers have a lot more to worry about today.
The initial sentence cites a report from Foreign Policy [11] that corroborates the statement that T-72 tanks were invading eastern Ukraine but they were controlled by separatists and appear to have had some ties to Russia in the form of funding. It is very slightly misleading to call them "Russian" forces. To quote:
Fighting has not stopped, and the rebels have continued to retake territory. The Russian military took advantage of the deals and continued to supply weapons and troops to the separatists, and this conflict is not any closer to resolution than it was before the deals were signed. On the other hand, each carried with it at least a temporary de-escalation in fighting, bringing needed reprieve for civilians who have been stuck in the crossfire.
The claim of President Obama denying anti-tank weapons is also correct as corroborated in an article by the AP [12]. However, the overall claim is misleading. His administration actually refused to provide lethal weaponry for fear of escalating conflict and instead relied on non-lethal aid. To quote from the USA Today article [13] also cited in the excerpt:
The White House refused to include weapons in an aid package announced Thursday for embattled Ukraine despite an impassioned plea by Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko for more military assistance.
The Obama administration is providing $46 million in non-lethal security assistance and $7 million for relief organizations providing humanitarian assistance to Ukrainians affected by the conflict between government forces and Russian-backed separatists in the eastern region.
The White House announcement came shortly after Poroshenko stood before a joint session of Congress and pleaded for more political support and military equipment beyond the non-lethal aid the United States has pledged.
Poroshenko said blankets and night-vision goggles from the USA are important, "but one cannot win a war with blankets!"
What the White House offered was a military aid package that will provide body armor, helmets, vehicles, night and thermal vision devices, advanced radios, patrol boats, counter-mortar radars, rations, tents and uniforms. U.S. military and civilian advisers will help Ukraine improve its defense capacity, the White House said.
The new aid brings the total U.S. assistance package for Ukraine to $291 million, plus a $1 billion loan guarantee. The Obama administration has refused to provide lethal aid for fear of escalating tensions.
This is further corroborated in a fact check by PolitiFact [14], an article which I would recommend reading in its entirety. Here are some relevant excerpts:
At the time, Obama officials were debating whether to send lethal military equipment amid the conflict with Russia, particularly Javelin anti-tank missiles. Obama rejected a request from Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko for lethal aid in 2014, though the White House approved a $53 million aid package that included vehicles, patrol boats, body armor and night-vision goggles, as well as humanitarian assistance.
U.S. officials were concerned that providing the Javelins to Ukraine would escalate their conflict with Russia. Key allies, including Germany, were not keen on sending weapons into the conflict zone, said Michael Kofman, an expert on Russia and senior research scientist at the CNA Corporation.
Under Obama, the federal government started the Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative, which sent other kinds of U.S. military equipment to the country. From 2016 to 2019, Congress appropriated $850 million.
In the last year of the Obama administration, Congress authorized lethal aid, but it didn’t include the Javelins.
"The first lethal deliveries came from Trump," said Jim Townsend, deputy assistant secretary of defense for European and NATO Policy during the Obama administration.
In July 2016, the White House announced a $335 million security assistance package for Ukraine that included "counter-artillery and counter-mortar radars, secure communications, training aids, logistics infrastructure and IT systems, tactical UAVs, and medical equipment."
In 2017, the Trump administration said it would sell lethal aid to Ukraine, and in 2018 it approved a plan to sell Ukraine $47 million in lethal Javelin Missiles. Even though the Trump administration has allowed the weapons, they are far from the frontlines.
Congress approved another $250 million in military assistance in 2018, which Trump temporarily withheld along with $141 million in State Department aid in July.
Overall, the article does very little to support the claim that President Trump has been tougher on Russia than his predecessor. It is somewhat misleading, tries to conflate numbers so as to make them look favorable and does not produce concrete evidence to support the claim. There is also the issue of witholding aid from Ukraine despite pledging support in terms of lethal weaponry. However, credit should still be awarded for continuing to provide assistance to them. Note that being pro-Ukraine isn't necessarily anti-Russia, so this is poorly supportive of the claim at best.

Article 3

The third article linked mostly goes on to state the several actions taken by the current administration without providing much context or history behind the moves but is still a decent source [15]. It was subsequently cited in the NPR article on President Trump's actions against Russia. It can be said that he has a decent stance against Russia.

Article 4

The fourth article from NPR [16] weighs the President's rhetoric versus his policies. It notes that his policies have largely been in the right direction as noted in the opening:
President Trump is in the process of inviting Russian President Vladimir Putin to come to Washington, D.C., this fall to continue the talks they started in Helsinki earlier this week.
It's another sign of Trump's efforts to build closer ties with Moscow, even though he insists his administration has taken a hard line toward Russia.
"There's never been a president as tough on Russia as I have been," Trump told reporters on Wednesday.
That might sound like hyperbole, but in this case, there's actually some basis for the president's boast.
After describing a list of actions taken, it then notes:
Whatever tough policies the White House may have adopted toward Moscow also have to be weighed against Trump's rhetoric, which is consistently friendly to Putin. He suggested inviting Russia to rejoin the G-7, a group Moscow was suspended from following the illegal annexation of Crimea. Trump also congratulated Putin on his suspect re-election victory, despite explicit instructions from his advisers.
"There's a real disconnect between the president's words and the underlying policy," said Richard Fontaine, president of the Center for a New American Security.
While Trump has no qualms about criticizing leaders of allied countries like Germany's Angela Merkel, Canada's Justin Trudeau or the U.K.'s Theresa May, he almost always treats Putin with kid gloves.
"The president very rarely speaks about Putin's transgressions and when asked about them expresses the hope that everyone can get along," said Fontaine, a former national security adviser to Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz.
Just last week, Trump told reporters in the U.K., "If we could develop a relationship which is good for Russia, good for us, good for everybody, that would be great."
The article goes on to cite a report from The Washington Post detailing the President's attitude in private [17]:
The United States, they explained, would be ousting roughly the same number of Russians as its European allies — part of a coordinated move to punish Moscow for the poisoning of a former Russian spy and his daughter on British soil.
“We’ll match their numbers,” Trump instructed, according to a senior administration official. “We’re not taking the lead. We’re matching.”
The next day, when the expulsions were announced publicly, Trump erupted, officials said. To his shock and dismay, France and Germany were each expelling only four Russian officials — far fewer than the 60 his administration had decided on.
The president, who seemed to believe that other individual countries would largely equal the United States, was furious that his administration was being portrayed in the media as taking by far the toughest stance on Russia.
His briefers tried to reassure him that the sum total of European expulsions was roughly the same as the U.S. number.
“I don’t care about the total!” the administration official recalled Trump screaming. The official, like others, spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss internal deliberations.
Growing angrier, Trump insisted that his aides had misled him about the magnitude of the expulsions. “There were curse words,” the official said, “a lot of curse words.”
The incident reflects a tension at the core of the Trump administration’s increasingly hard-nosed stance on Russia: The president instinctually opposes many of the punitive measures pushed by his Cabinet that have crippled his ability to forge a close relationship with Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Some close to Trump say the recent measures are the product of an ongoing pressure campaign to push the president to take a more skeptical view of the Russian leader.
“If you’re getting briefed by the CIA director on all this stuff, there’s a point where, even if you’re Donald J. Trump, you think, ‘Hmm [Putin’s] a really bad guy,’ ” said former House speaker Newt Gingrich, an informal Trump adviser.
Others note Trump’s ongoing unease with his own policy. Even as his administration has ratcheted up the pressure on Putin’s inner circle, Trump has continued in recent weeks to make overtures to the Russian leader, congratulating him on his election win and, in a move that frustrated his national security team, inviting him to visit the White House.
“I think I could have a very good relationship with Russia and with President Putin,” Trump said at a news conference just days after the largest expulsion of Russians in U.S. history. “And if I did, that would be a great thing. And there’s also a possibility that won’t happen. Who knows?”
Trump came to the White House believing that his personal relationships with other leaders would be central to solving the world’s thorniest foreign policy problems, administration officials said. In Trump’s mind, no leader was more important or powerful than Putin, they said.
A cooperative relationship with the Russian leader could help Trump find solutions to problems that bedeviled his predecessor in places such as Ukraine, Syria and North Korea.
Former president Barack Obama had a tense relationship with Putin. Trump said he could do better but felt stymied by the media, Congress and special counsel Robert S. Mueller III’s probe into Russia’s interference in the 2016 election.
Any conciliatory move he made toward Putin came under heavy scrutiny. “When will all the haters and fools out there realize that having a good relationship is a good thing,” Trump tweeted in November. “They are always playing politics — bad for our country.”
Privately, he complained to aides that the media’s fixation on the Mueller probe was hobbling his effort to woo Putin. “I can’t put on the charm,” the president often said, according to one of his advisers. “I’m not able to be president because of this witch hunt.”
As the months passed, the president’s options for improving relations with Russia narrowed. In late July, Congress overwhelmingly approved new sanctions on Moscow that were widely seen as a rebuke of Trump’s efforts to reach out to Putin. It took aides four days to persuade Trump to sign the bill, which had cleared with a veto-proof majority.
Trump advisers were reluctant to even raise the topic of Russian interference in the election, which Trump equated with Democrats’ efforts to undermine his victory. “It’s just kind of its own beast,” a senior national security official said. “It’s been a constant from Day One.”
Gingrich and other Trump advisers said CIA Director Mike Pompeo, the secretary of state nominee, was one of the few advisers who could address Russia without raising the president’s ire.
In January, Pompeo told the BBC that he had “every expectation” that Russia would make an effort to disrupt the 2018 midterm elections. Privately, he pushed Trump to take a tough line on Moscow.
One area where aides worked to change Trump’s mind was on a proposal to sell antitank missiles to Ukraine. Obama had opposed the move for fear of angering Moscow and provoking a Russian escalation.
Trump initially was also hesitant to support the move, which had the backing of the Pentagon and State Department. “He would say, ‘Why is this our problem? Why not let the Europeans deal with Ukraine?” a U.S. official said.
Aides described a lobbying effort by Pompeo, Haley and Defense Secretary Jim Mattis in support of the lethal aid. “I just want peace,” Trump would say when pressed on Ukraine.
His aides countered that the weapons would help achieve peace by deterring further Russian aggression.
To bring the president around, U.S. officials argued that the $47 million military aid package could be a boon to U.S. taxpayers if cash-strapped Kiev stabilized and someday became a reliable buyer of American military hardware.
To the surprise of even his closest advisers, the president agreed late last year to the weapons transfer on the condition that the move be kept quiet and made without a formal news release.
Aides tried to warn him that there was almost no way to stop the news from leaking.
When it broke, Russia hawks in Congress praised the president. “Another significant step in the right direction,” said Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.), a frequent Trump critic. But Trump was still furious, an administration official said.
“For some reason, when it comes to Russia, he doesn’t hear the praise,” a senior administration official said. “Politically speaking, the best thing for him to do is to be tough. . . . On that one issue, he cannot hear the praise.”
The poisoning in Britain in early March of former Russian spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter, Yulia, with a nerve agent upped the tension between Trump and his advisers.
Initially, the president was hesitant to believe the intelligence that Russia was behind the attack — a fact that some aides attributed to his contrarian personality and tendency to look for deeper conspiracies. To persuade him, his advisers warned that he would get hammered in the press if he was out of step with U.S. allies, officials said.
“There was a sense that we couldn’t be the only ones not to concede to reality,” the Trump adviser said.
The next task was convincing Trump that he should punish Putin in coordination with the Europeans. “Why are you asking me to do this?” Trump asked in a call with British Prime Minister Theresa May, according to a senior White House official. “What’s Germany going to do? What about France?”
He was insistent that the poisoning in the English city of Salisbury was largely a European problem and that the allies should take the lead in moving against Russia.
Trump told aides in an Oval Office session on March 23 that he was confident French President Emmanuel Macron would deliver on promises to expel Russian officials but that he was worried about German Chancellor Angela Merkel, whose country depends on Russian oil and gas.
The next day, at his Mar-a-Lago resort, Trump’s aides gave him the final memo with the precise number of American expulsions.
Trump was furious as news reports described the expulsions as the largest purge in U.S. history and noted the wide gap between the United States and its allies. “If you had told me France and Germany were only doing [four], that’s what we would have done,” one official recalled him saying.
Some officials said it was a simple misunderstanding. Others blamed the president’s strained relationship with his top aides, including H.R. McMaster, his former national security adviser.
“Anytime McMaster came in with a recommendation, he always thought it was too much,” the Trump adviser said. “They were just oil and water on everything. So his natural impulse was, if this was your recommendation, it must be too far.”
Less than a month after Trump shocked his foreign policy advisers by inviting Putin to the White House, the prospects for a visit anytime soon seem remote. No date has been set, White House officials said.
“We’re not rushing to do this meeting,” a senior administration official said. “Our team wasn’t thrilled about the idea.”
The report certainly paints an unflattering picture of the President's attitude towards Russia but the NPR report concludes the following:
However grudging Trump's moves against Moscow might have been, though, his defenders say the actions speak for themselves.
"It is hard for me to believe that he was dragged kicking and screaming through each and every one of these decisions," Vajdich said.

Counter Analysis and Evidence

Overall, from the evidence presented, we can safely say that the policies certainly do appear to be a step in the right direction but they have done little to deter Russia. Crimea is still occupied and military operations against Ukraine have expanded to nearby waters [18]:
Debates about the effectiveness of sanctions against Russia continue in Congress, in the Administration, and among other stakeholders. Russia has not reversed its occupation and annexation of Ukraine’s Crimea region, nor has it stopped sustaining separatist regimesin eastern Ukraine. In 2018, it extended its military operations against Ukraine to nearby waters. At the same time, Russia has not expanded its land-based operations in Ukraine, and Moscow participates in a conflict resolution process that formally recognizes Ukraine’s sovereignty over Russia-controlled areas in eastern Ukraine. With respect to other malign activities, the relationship between sanctions and changes in Russian behavior is difficult to determine. Nonetheless, many observers argue that sanctions help restrain Russia or that their imposition is an appropriate foreign policy response regardless of immediate effect.
Examining his record outside the data presented, however, paints a different picture. For example, he failed to bring up Russian interference in election during early talks in 2017, despite overwhelming evidence produced from multiple intelligence agencies [19]. Notably, in 2018 in Helsinki, he cast doubt on Russia's role in the interference, putting forth a "both sides" narrative on both US Intelligence and Vladimir Putin. To quote the interview published in a fact check by FactCheck.org [20]:
Reporter, July 16: Just now, President Putin denied having anything to do with the election interference in 2016. Every U.S. intelligence agency has concluded that Russia did. What — who — my first question for you, sir, is who do you believe? My second question is would you now, with the whole world watching, tell President Putin, would you denounce what happened in 2016 and would you warn him to never do it again?
Trump: So let me just say that we have two thoughts. You have groups that are wondering why the FBI never took the server. Why haven’t they taken the server? Why was the FBI told to leave the office of the Democratic National Committee?
I’ve been wondering that, I’ve been asking that for months and months and I’ve been tweeting it out and calling it out on social media. Where is the server? I want to know where is the server and what is the server saying?
With that being said, all I can do is ask the question. My people came to me, [Director of National Intelligence] Dan Coates came to me and some others, they said they think it’s Russia. I have President Putin; he just said it’s not Russia. I will say this: I don’t see any reason why it would be. But I really do want to see the server.
But I have — I have confidence in both parties. I — I really believe that this will probably go on for a while, but I don’t think it can go on without finding out what happened to the server. What happened to the servers of the Pakistani gentleman that worked on the DNC? Where are those servers? They’re missing; where are they? What happened to Hillary Clinton’s e-mails? 33,000 e-mails gone — just gone. I think in Russia they wouldn’t be gone so easily. I think it’s a disgrace that we can’t get Hillary Clinton’s 33,000 e-mails.
I have great confidence in my intelligence people but I will tell you that President Putin was extremely strong and powerful in his denial today and what he did is an incredible offer. He offered to have the people working on the case come and work with their investigators, with respect to the 12 people. I think that’s an incredible offer. Ok? Thank you.
Further, he also pushed for Russia to be included in the G7 Summit, much to the disapproval of other member nations. In an article from Reuters [21]:
Trump over the weekend had raised the prospect of expanding the G7, whose members are the world’s most advanced economies, to once again include Russia, which had been expelled in 2014 following Moscow’s annexation of Ukraine’s Crimea region.

Final Conclusion

All these events, combined with the indictment of his campaign officials certainly cast doubt over the "tough on Russia" claim. The claim of being "even harder than the previous administration" becomes even more outrageous, especially since relations were already strained during the previous administration and Russia was not as aggressive in its operations. I would therefore have to reject the claim of "Trump was tougher on Russia than the previous administration" and label it as somewhat true but still disputable at best if considering only policies and not personal actions, as Russia's aggressions warranted action regardless of the sitting President, and false at worst when considering the broader picture.

Potential Improvements

The actions of the Trump administration with regards to Syria and Iran have not been examined. Further, there are additional ties that the President seems to have to Russian oligarchs but they have been left out in the interest of examining the evidence presented. The report on the sanctions by the Congressional Research Service has also not been thoroughly read and thus, its findings have been left out at the time of writing.
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2020.09.03 22:30 JackStorm787 The German Confederation: Year 1 and Background

Greetings everyone, my name is Jubs and welcome to AOTR’s 4th Progress Report. Today, exactly a year since the last Progress Report on the German Empire we’ll be going back to the heart of Europe to discuss updates we have made since then. Aside from just changes to Germany since last August, this progress report will cover opens up depending on who the player chooses as their main party and if they choose to create a coalition. WIth the SPD and ZP the player has the option of either ruling the nation without a coalition, which removes the debuffs from the coalition spirit, but at the same time give themselves less access to long term benefits through the focus tree. The DDP, having been in power since 1929 and also having run an ineffective and stagnant coalition for the last few years
Before we get to the hefty lore section, I would like to extend a huge thanks to the entire development team and those behind the “Lore and Timeline Overhaul” we’ve been working on since February. None of what is featured in this PR would be possible without Nicol, Welsh, Hannah, Lextzo (Boomer), MrMano, Frilech, Darth Riki 01, and Grestin for his focus icon pack.. Be sure to give these guys the credits they deserve in the discord and in the comments. Now, onto the Progress Report.

The German Confederation in 1936

History and Lore (1848-1936)

With the Austrian Empire torn asunder by the Hungarian Revolution and the Prussians busy fighting a Polish Revolution, newly inaugurated President of France Louis Napoleon saw this as a perfect opportunity to restore his uncle’s conquests and declared war on the beleaguered German states. The unexpected invasion paired with the sheer strength of the revolutionaries forced the Prussians to concede defeat and cede the Rhineland to the French.
By the winter of 1852, the Prussians had adapted and recovered from the loss of the Rhineland, and their army was no longer burdened by the revolutions of old. Prussian Minister-President Otto Theodor von Manteuffel and his staff (most notably the future Chancellor Bismarck) had devised a scheme in which the other German states could be convinced to join Prussia in a war against the French to reconquer the Rhineland. By staging a false flag operation and claiming that French troops shot and killed a group of civilians, public outrage was at an all-time high. The civilians were fake, of course, but the general public didn’t know that. All across Germany, they rallied to strike back at the French menace, but the Prussian King stood firm. Manteuffel’s plan was to get the French to declare war on the Germans and not the other way around. Finally, the day came. The French puppet in the Rhine had been plagued by strikes for a while, but the supposed killing of the civilians by the French had caused the situation to escalate to such a degree that the French government began an investigation into the cause of the strikes. The “Wuppertal Report” as it came to be known placed the blame wholly on the Prussian government. While the false flag operation was their doing, the internal striking and paralyzation of the nation’s economy weren’t. Despite the clear signs, Napoleon’s hubris got the best of him and he declared war on the Prussians soon after.
The Franco-Prussian (and later Franco-German) War was a rout for the French. While they had been successful during the invasion in 1848, their success was mainly due to the lack of troops on the western front on the Prussian’s end. Now with the Prussians ready for an attack, the French suffered horrible losses and by the end of the year, the Rhineland had already been reconquered. The Germans only had to enter Alsace-Lorraine for the French government to realize the gravity of the situation and sue for peace. Napoleon III’s short-lived French Empire was soon crushed by both German arms and republican revolutionaries who toppled the government and they signed the Treaty of Frankfurt. This treaty forced the French to cede Alsace-Lorraine and the Rhineland to the German Empire. The treaty also forced the French to recognize the German Empire that consisted of the merger of the following states: Prussia, Austria, Bavaria, Württemberg, Baden, Hesse-Darmstadt, and the other smaller states in southern and central Germany.
This newly consolidated German Empire quickly rose to become the strongest nation on the European continent and became a worthy rival to the United Kingdom. What remained of Metternich’s Concert of Europe following the Revolutions of 1848 has now been destroyed by the Empire. From the 1860s through to the mid-1880s German politics were dominated by Chancellor Bismarck and the Prussians. Bismarck’s way of governing was similar to what we know him for in OTL, but to a lesser extent here. He still implemented state socialism and fomented alliances with countries as a master diplomat, but as Austria and Bavaria were co-equal members of the Empire, his kulturkampf policies would not be implemented to the same degree as we know today. Bismarck’s crowning jewel was the Berlin Pakt, a series of alliances that would eventually grow and become the Frankfurt Pakt.
In 1888 following the deaths of both Kaiser Wilhelm I and his son Friedrich III, Wilhelm II took the throne of an anxious and fearful nation. To top it all off, just a year later in 1889 a terrorist tried to assassinate Wilhelm II but missed by just a few centimeters. The assailant was captured and identified as a radical Boulangist—a follower of French President Georges Boulanger’s proto-fascistic ideology . Despite Wilhelm’s survival, the damage done to the monarchy was too much for the other states to handle. The other members of the Empire, led mainly by Austria and Bavaria, rallied together and demanded a restructuring of the Empire and its succession laws to prevent a crisis like the Year of the Three Kaisers again. The states all met in Frankfurt, the same place as the revolutionaries had almost four decades before, and came out of the meeting in 1891 with a new constitution and system of government all of them could agree on. The German Empire was no more, in its place rose the German Confederation. While structurally the confederation was the same, the monarch was to be elected by an electoral college of nobles from the various states. The first election was held the following year in 1892 and the victor was Rudolf of Austria. Crowned as Rudolf I, his first actions as Kaiser were to slow down the aggressive and expensive naval buildup his predecessor Wilhelm had started to counter the Royal Navy. Despite the slowdown, however, the Imperial Navy was still a formidable force only rivaled by the British and French.
The growing French presence in Morocco increased tensions between the Germans and the French multiple times during the early 1900s, but in 1911 things reached a critical point and the United Kingdom stepped in as a neutral mediator. The three convened in Paris where it was hoped France and Germany could reach an agreement and war could be averted. The Germans were more than happy to oblige and agreed to relinquish all their claims in the region. The French kept up a veneer of pleasantries and amiability at the meeting, but unbeknownst to the Germans, Georges Boulanger and his most trusted generals were planning a sneak attack against their unprepared foe. “Plan XVIII” as it later came to be known was headed by Joseph Joffre and Ferdinand Foch, two well respected French generals who despite their rank, had barely held a command before this. The plan entailed attacking the Germans through Alsace and overwhelming their forces in the region before moving further into the heart of Germany. How successful this plan would be was up to fate.
Just as the negotiations in Paris were wrapping up in November of 1911, Boulanger ordered the plan executed. French forces opened fire across the border and the Germans responded. In a twisted mirror of what had happened all those years ago in the Rhineland, the French claimed the Germans fired first and declared war on the Germans. While many, including France’s ally the United Kingdom, doubted the French claims, there was one country that stood by them: The Russian Empire. Tsar Nicholas II and his Stavka placed the full weight of Russia’s army behind the Entente and began invading German-aligned Poland and East Prussia. As the coldest parts of winter began to set in, the French advance halted while the Russians continued to push into Prussia. Once 1912 rolled around and winter thawed out into spring, the French advance continued. Soon they reached the mighty river Rhine. While a mighty victory indeed, the cost of the victory was kept hidden from the civilian populace as the sheer death toll was enough to make the harshest general shudder.
The drive to the Rhine was the costliest military offensive in French history and its effects on morale began to show as the years ticked on. By 1916 the Russian Empire was crippled by civil war and although legally they were still in a state of war with the Germans, both the Soviets and the White movement signed provisional treaties that ended the fighting. The White movement would eventually sign the Treaty of Tsaritsyn once the situation had calmed down in 1918 which gave the Germans control over vast swathes of Russian territory. Stretching from the Baltic to the Black Sea and containing most of Russia’s coal and industry. On the western front things had become dire for the French. Having been pushed back to Alsace, Boulanger and his government issued a harrowing order: the infamous “Decimation Order”. The order was intended to eliminate the threat of mutiny, but all it did was sow discontent among the already exhausted soldiers. Watching as thousands of their brothers in arms were executed while the German war machine continued to march towards Alsace only intensified these feelings. There was one last trick up Boulanger’s sleeve, however. With the aid of their allies in Britain and scientists from Australia, the French had created armored monstrosities they called Chariots (Char in shorthand). These mobile pillboxes were terrifying to the few German soldiers unlucky to lay their eyes on them.
Despite the Decimation Order and the introduction of their Chars, the Germans continued to push onwards and eventually, they stepped foot into French territory for the first time in the war. The French populace began to panic and soon division spread throughout the country. Entire armies began to desert despite the threat of the dastardly Decimation Order while some simply formed their own armies with no allegiance. Workers in all the major cities began to go on strike and immobilized the war effort. It seemed all was lost when the politicians once loyal to Boulanger and his regime turned on him and rival governments were declared. Just as with Napoleon III’s empire, Boulanger’s regime was toppled by the Germans as anarchy spread throughout the country.
The Treaty of Verdun (negotiations could not be held in Paris as planned due to the complete anarchy that ruled the city) officially ended the Great War once and for all. The French government was forced to cede Corsica, Tunisia, and Gabon to Italy and the Germans gained sovereignty over Morocco and the crown jewel of the empire: Indochina. The Franco-German border was designated a demilitarized zone and the government had to pay the victors reparations equal to one-hundred million Francs.
Following the war, the Confederation entered what many consider the "German Golden Age" or the "Rudolfian Golden Age". With control over the resource-rich colony of Indochina and trade booming, the 1920s were a cultural phenomenon. The film industry and the arts exploded with many around the world eagerly awaiting the next Wiene or Lang film. As Germany soared and solidified itself as the new global hegemon, tensions between the United States and the United Kingdom boiled over in Nicaragua and the Great Atlantic War broke out. The war was relatively quick having lasted only three years, but the effects of 1929 still haunt people around the globe. The New York Stock Exchange crashed and with that, the US was crippled. The British also suffered a blow when anti-war socialists led a harrowing coup against the King's government. With assistance from the French, some of the Royal family was able to escape to their remaining colonies in Egypt and Africa while the Isles burned. The sudden collapse of the US economy and the remaining parts of the British Empire was met by the sudden death of Kaiser Rudolf and the start of another Imperial Election. This uncertainty was the beginning of the end for the German Golden Age and would set the stage for the coming years. The Electors crowned Rudolf's daughter Elisabeth Marie as Kaiserin and while many rejoiced at the thought of another Rudolfian-esque era, her reign was doomed from the start.

The Confederation In-Game and the First Year

The Politics Screen has not changed much from this teaser from back in April with the exception of new minster portraits and a new portrait for the Empress courtesy of MrMano. Speaking of minster portraits, here's a list of the German ministers (The Austrians will come later, don't worry). Heads of Government, Foreign Ministers, Economic Ministers, Interior Ministers, and the Defense Ministers.
As you press play and you begin to tinker away at getting your production and army in line, Germany will be struck with the final nail in the coffin: The final collapse of its economy known as "Black Friday" The "Economic Slump" spirit is replaced with this crippling spirit which soon affects the other members of the Frankfurt Pakt and other economically-aligned countries like China and Hungary.
With the economy in a freefall unlike anything seen before, unrest in the city of Cologne reaches a breaking point with a massive general strike paralyzing the city's factories and manufacturing industry. Here the player has two options: either send in the Army to help quell the massive strike, or let the Cologne Police deal with the matter themselves. Choosing to send in the Army allows the police to focus on investigating and soon they find the lead instigator. Choosing to let the local police handle it loses you a bit of manpower but you eventually arrive at the same result.
Neumann will be arrested and sent to Frankfurt in order to question him and find out exactly why and how the KPD was able to instigate such a crippling strike under both the Kaiserin and Mayor Adenaur's noses. Event seen here Once Neumann's interrogation begins, many of his answers to the strike seen obvious enough: the economic situation forced the workers to lash out at their awful conditions and they felt that a strike was the only way to get what they wanted. One mistake he makes, however, is that he lets slip something about the so-called "Red Kaiserin" and her support for the Deutschland Brigade during the Swedish intervention in the Finnish Civil War (The Swedish-Finnish War). Event seen here.
Shocked by the news, the police forwards this news to the Chancellor and to the Kaiserin herself. Within days, a response from Gessler's government is heard throughout the upper echelons of German government and society. Soon, the information is spread worldwide as many look on in horror. As shown earlier, the player, representing the Imperial Electors, has the option of either barring her from being considered an electable candidate or to show amnesty and allow her to be elected. Should she be barred, the player will be met with this event showing the two candidates for the crown as well as describing who they are: Friedrich of Prussia and Karl of Austria. Should the player give her amnesty, they will be met with this event instead.
No matter which Kaiser(in) is elected, the worldwide community will learn who was crowned through one of three news events (All three possible options shown here). Additionally, the portraits for the three Kaiser(in)s are shown here. Huge thanks to MrMano for the portraits and thanks to Hannah for the Elisabeth Marie source.

The Focus Tree

With the Cologne Scandal and the effects of Black Friday having rocked the nation and the Frankfurt Pakt, the economic recovery portion of the focus tree opens up. While at first the tree may seem extensive, each Kaiser is limited to one branch of the tree at a time.
Should you have elected Kaiser Friedrich you will have two options for recovery: the more conservative route (“A Protectionist Mindset) or the more liberal route (“Cut Regulatory Laws). Reelecting Elisabeth Marie grants you access to the liberal route as well as the socialist leaning path as an homage to her moniker as the “Red Kaiserin” (“State-Sponsored Public Works Projects”). Electing Kaiser Karl gives you the ability to choose from all three of the recovery paths, although as with the others you are limited to choosing just one path.
Foreign policy wise you’re locked to an option depending on who you chose to elect. Reelecting Elisabeth Marie locks you into strengthening the Frankfurt Pakt and prevents you from expanding it beyond the initial members and either Italy or Hungray. This, however, can be remedied by completing the “Reach out to the Benelux” focus in the Anti-USRB section of the European Foreign Policy tree which we will cover later. Electing either Karl or Friedrich locks you into expanding the Pakt. Before you get to expand the Pakt, however, you must reach out to Denmark and Norway and seek official rapprochement for the actions of the Kaiserin. This gives the Danish and Norwegian PlayeAI the option of either getting a guarantee from Germany in case Sweden declares war on them or outright joining the Frankfurt Pakt. Once that is complete the player can expand the Pakt to include friendly nations in the Pacific and an overall strengthening of the alliance, but not to the same level as Elisabeth Marie can.
As mentioned earlier, Elisabeth Marie can expand the Frankfurt Pakt to include either Italy or Hungray. The other two can as well as Germany must choose to side with one of the two Adriatic powers, but the cause and effects is to be shown off at a later date.
In 1937 after having stabilized the economy somewhat and given the nation time to cool off after the rocky start that was 1936, the election rolls around. With this, the election tree opens up and the player is allowed to elect from either the ruling DDP, the SPD, or the Zentrumspartei (ZP). The newly revamped election tree opens up depending on who the player chooses as their main party and if they choose to create a coalition. WIth the SPD and ZP the player has the option of either ruling the nation without a coalition, which removes the debuffs from the coalition spirit, but at the same time give themselves less access to long term benefits through the focus tree. The DDP, having been in power since 1929 and also having run an ineffective and stagnant coalition for the last few years, will be unable to shore up enough votes to have a majority government and must reach out to either the SDP or the ZP for help. Doing so will allow you to reduce the debuffs of the coalition spirit while also granting you the benefits of either coalition. While this may sound like the obvious path for many as it allows you to reduce the debuffs and gain the added benefits of extra focuses, the player will never be able to completely remove the coalition this way and will have less focuses than their socialist and conservative counterparts.
Lastly we come to the Armed Forces tree. While not as intuitive or dynamic as the other trees, this is a must if you plan on defeating the Entente in the Second Great War.
Here is the focus tree in its entirety and although the keen-eyed among you may have noticed that I failed to mention the anti-Russian, French, and British branch of the focus tree, I never said when exactly I was going to cover it.
Diving headfirst into the anti-Russian and anti-French sections of the tree, the player is able to build forts on the Pakt's eastern border as well as buildup their allied industry. When it comes to the French section, the player is able to learn from the mistakes and successes of the First Great War to crush France once and for all. The anti-British section has the player reach out to the Benelux and attempt to draw them into the Pakt in order to protect them from any British invasion as they seem the most obvious target to take out both the French and Germans. With this, the player is also able to inspire resistance in Ireland and expand the Evidenzbüro to ensure the safety of the homefront and to deter the British from any foreign escapades.

The End

This concludes the Progress Report, but that’s not all there is to AOTR. Remember to join the discord if you’re not a member to get access to our teasers and progress reports as soon as they’re published. As always we’re recruiting coders, artists, and developers so if you want to join the team simply join the discord using the link above and fill out this form. Once you do that just let us know that you’ve applied in our #become-a-dev chat either by pinging the Head Developers, or one of our Department Leads (The bright blue role!).
I hope you enjoyed the PR and please make sure to discuss it in the discord as well as give everyone the credit they deserve for all the hard work they put into the mod. Until next time.
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2020.09.03 15:40 TessaBissolli A close examination of the story. Part 52: CONCLUSIONS (1 of 2)

I started the series three months ago examining how the apparent narrative of the show's mythology crumbles under examination:
RR was a married Naval Officer, who was seduced by KR, and the affair of over 4 years produced a child. She had been siphoning information off him, including a submarine that was sunk. But when she decided to end it, RR took Masha because she would not let him see her, and went to hide in the closed Rehoboth Beach house he rented every year. Katarina followed, they fought, her goons arrived, Masha shot her father and he died, and Katarina hid his body. She left Masha with Kate, tried to kill herself in Cape May, survived, stumbled into a Church, went to a shelter, killed a Russian guy, and took his wallet, then contacted Ilya, who helped her get her mother to safety, then go to Moscow to talk to her father. But on the way back, posing as Americans, Katarina tries to jump from a balcony, Ilya stops her, and they come up with the idea that someone would become RR to take money left by the KGB in banks to incriminate him and be able to run away. Katarina was really working for Alan Fitch and the cabal. Red, whoever he is, went in for surgery with Koehler and it worked, albeit not as they thought it would. Katarina disappeared, and Red started to rise as a criminal. In 2013, he surrendered, and worked with Liz, until he was exposed by Kate as a supplanter. Now her mother, turned enemy of both Red and her father, Dom, is working with Liz to find the Sikorsky Archive.
Throughout this entire series, u/jen5225 my partner in crime has been invaluable, she even authored one of the posts.
We started this journey questioning one of the main characters of the show: Elizabeth Keen and who she really is.
https://preview.redd.it/4omebkxf5xk51.png?width=720&format=png&auto=webp&s=fa86b9cae9c53a116aec6e64e17521b4fff3498e
Was she really Masha Rostova, as opposed to be KNOWN and had lived as such? Is Katarina, Dom's daughter REALLY her biological mother? And what can her abduction from the Summer Palace, in Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia tell us about who she is.
The answer is that while we know that Elizabeth's biological father is the man known to the US Navy as Raymond Reddington, the other thing we might know is that she was NOT born as Masha Rostova. In fact we can deduce that nobody was born alive, in Moscow, or anywhere else, as Masha (or Maria) Rostova , or that there was any record of a child born to anyone using the name Katarina Rostova, because otherwise the Russians (or the Americans) would know she existed (even under another name) because she was born in Moscow . But that is not the case:
ANTON VELOV: I said, "All I know is they say she had a daughter.”
Peter Kotsiopoluos had to send Connolly's people to find out about a child from one of the few KGBs who had been involved with Katarina. A man who had been in charge of chasing her for the KGB, but who never met her personally. And this man did not KNOW she had a daughter. Yes, he found a photo, but no evidence Katarina had a daughter.
So Liz was born in Moscow, under a different name, from a woman who Red KNEW AS "Katarina Rostova", but who must have used a different name in Moscow to give birth to Liz, perhaps her real name. Remember that Red knows who Dom is, so Red knows Katarina's real last name. This woman he KNEW AS "Katarina Rostova", is not Katarina.
I have made the case that Red, while referring to Liz as Masha to the people who know Liz as Masha (Dom, Ilya), has never told Liz she IS Masha, or in fact told anyone that Liz IS Masha:
Red says about Liz and the name Masha:
So, while we KNOW RR is Liz's bio- father, we also can DEDUCE, from what we have been told, who is very likely NOT her bio-mother: Katarina. Yet we saw Red tell Liz about her mother:
What was her name?
Mmmh I knew her as Katarina Rostova. One of her many names. She was a KGB agent.
So, we know her biological mother is NOT Katarina, but is a woman who gave birth to her in Moscow, who USED the name Katarina Rostova to have an affair with RR (Or steal sperm?), who WAS a KGB agent, and whose real name is not known to Red.
Yet Liz was living with her REAL non-bio mother, Katarina, the woman who took her in, passed her as her own under the name Masha Rostova, and even produced a DNA test that convinced her cover husband, Constantin Rostov, that Masha was his biological child, when in reality no child had been born as such anywhere of Katarina or of any other woman under those names (Katarina Rostova or Masha Rostova).
https://preview.redd.it/7rb2ggzs7xk51.png?width=720&format=png&auto=webp&s=79395a36d72b7291f0fcb3ef6a8dfeccdb11fd73
Which tell us likely why Rostov, a man of wealth and power did not pursue the matter of his abducted child and disappeared wife: likely, because he could not even prove, past photos of Masha, that there was a child of his named Masha (or Maria) Rostova. We do not even know if those cops we saw at the Summer Palace were real, as someone astutely noted.
https://preview.redd.it/vlh2p61x7xk51.png?width=953&format=png&auto=webp&s=d2612c6e1d122b18ec58adb42c68ed368faf0487
It is also likely that Constantin soon found himself the object of unwanted KGB interest in the matter of his missing wife, and likely had to go into hiding. We know he emerged as Alexander Kirk after the fall of the USSR in December of 1991 and bought cheap energy outfits.
https://preview.redd.it/gi9snkr08xk51.png?width=1208&format=png&auto=webp&s=05fca03484ad125f9446c641157f52659668b1e9
What can we tell then about Raymond Reddington (RR) then? For starters that there was no man born as such, either. Why? Because we know Liz had been investigating her past. She suspected Reddington to be her father, even getting a DNA test done, to throw it out, afraid of the results. Liz had taken positive steps to find information about her past.
Liz went asking the OREA agents about her mother, she asked Velov twice, she collected information about the night of the fire. She has notebooks, researched Oleander, had the photo in the swing enhanced and search in facial recognition databases for her mother, researched "Ilya Koslov", and even found a motel stay in Dover. It makes sense that Liz, a federal agent, has access to all kinds of official information including the drowning in Cape May, which was in newspapers, and likely had official reports.
https://preview.redd.it/zs1vlp5ubxk51.png?width=1916&format=png&auto=webp&s=62d44c1a33c43b7322e098e7a77f64e4579c0a96
One Liz learned her father was RR, and then saw a report telling her RR was dead, she would have tried finding her paternal blood relatives. Grandparents, unless and aunts, cousins. Anyone with a blood relation to her, because finding her biological relatives is immensely important to her.
She found nothing. Nobody, alive or dead under the name. We never heard of ANY relative either. No parents interrogated. No siblings mortified in shame. Nobody changing their name. And we know this out of a single question Liz made of Ressler:
LIZ: You didn't stop, did you, trying to find his (RED'S) real identity ?
RESSLER: No, I didn't. I don't know who he (RED) was, but I think I found someone who might. Your grandfather. (That would be RR's father or Katarina Rostova's father, Liz's biological grandfathers)
LIZ: You found Reddington's father? (RR'S FATHER, NOT RED'S FATHER)
And this tells us that Liz had never found a blood relative under that name. As an FBI agent she has access to birth, death, marriage, tax, census and financial records. Fingerprints and facial recognition databases, etc. and she had never found her paternal grandfather under the name Reddington, or under any name. She was surprised Ressler found her paternal grandfather:
This means nobody was born under that name, which means that Reddington was an assumed name of the man who graduated from the Naval Academy and became her biological father.
Matters get even more complicated when we look at Katarina, the woman who likely did not give birth to Liz in Moscow, but became her mother, the only real mother Liz had.
https://preview.redd.it/ybdx2bq0hxk51.png?width=932&format=png&auto=webp&s=f634459c2f068f1d0fa451cb12203fda6722db3a
The Russians seem to know Katarina as "Katarina Rostova", know Dom as Oleander and know he is her father. There is no subterfuge on their part. They sent Anton Velov after her:
Velov was the agent assigned to find her.
and then the Osterman Umbrella Company:
Your mother loved that photograph. Represented everything she wanted but couldn't have. Not after she betrayed the KGB. After that, she was a hunted woman.... Hunted by the Osterman Umbrella Company.
But when it comes to the Americans, they acted as if "Katarina Rostova" did not exist, just like they do with Brian Osterman, or Leonard Caul, and anyone with a burn notice, or whose existence needs to be kept a secret.
https://preview.redd.it/4t82bxc7hxk51.png?width=1121&format=png&auto=webp&s=f738f60ddfd66db4d49a2427ed1e6e65aacfc2ce
Yet Peter Kotsiopolus, who in 2015 was the head of the Clandestine Services (covert agents) knew Liz's mother (either one) well enough to see a resemblance with Liz. If this was in appearance or in attitude we do not know. We do not know what job did Peter had before 1991, but likely he would have been a handler of covert agents, not the head of Clandestine Services.
https://preview.redd.it/qmel5cz3hxk51.png?width=834&format=png&auto=webp&s=0009667cc8affee1093153e633b28346768b00a7
In short, the CIA acted exactly as they do about an agent who had a burn order: deny their existence.
The Agency (or the FBI) make no effort whatsoever in finding her, or tracking her mother or father. They even tell Ressler than because Rostova did not make a reservation in her name, then she did not board the ferry. 😂 Liz tried finding her face in facial recognition databases to no effect in season 2. So likely, Katarina has a new face, or she is dead.
But what the CIA agent tell Liz is in fact more truth than not:
CIA'S OREA SECTION AGENT MASIK: I don't think there are any photographs of Katarina Rostova.... She's a myth. Tall tales late at night over vodka shots. Probably an amalgamation of a half-a-dozen unknown female Soviet operatives-- the Pinko Mata Hari.
because Red says a very similar thing about "Katarina Rostova", that "Katarina Rostova" was a myth, a figment, an illusion:
RED: You said you prefer illusion to reality.... I may have seemed like an illusion, but she is one... she's someone you can never find.... I may not have told you what you want, but I told you all you need. You'll never find Rostova..... She's a figment of the collective imagination.
And if we look carefully we see how Red refers to Liz's mother in a normal way "your mother", and in a bizarre way, "Katarina Rostova", not "Katarina", as he does to Dembe, Kate, Dom, or Ilya. So, there are times when Red is using a subterfuge, in her entire name, which then might be about the identity, or might refer to two women: one of them, Katarina, whom he knew well and knows her real name, and another one, whom he did not know really, and only as "Katarina Rostova", one of her many names.
So, we have two women at least, using the name Katarina, and both women are, in different ways, mothers to Liz. One, her biological mother, was a woman he only knew as "Katarina Rostova", and the other is Katarina, Dom's daughter. But we also know that Fakerina said she does not know why they chose her. That means that Fakerina believed there were at least three of them, because otherwise, if they were two and Dom wanted to save his daughter, it would be evident why her. So we might have three women pretending to be "Katarina Rostova".
FAKERINA TO ILYA: I've thought a lot about why you chose me as the lamb you could take to slaughter. You thought I was weak the prey and not the predator.
We have then confirmation on two sides that Katarina was not Liz's biological mother, but was her real mother. A woman who took her in and loved her, raised her until she had to give her up because she was being chased by the CIA and the KGB.
But we also know that Katarina existed, and yet, "Katarina Rostova", legendary KGB seductress was a myth, like Agent Masik told Liz, an amalgamation of a few Soviet operatives, using the same name to create a mythic agent. Just like Red created "Edgar Legate", a mythic assassin that nobody had seen, but in reality was just a name used by a lot of people. Trying to find a name inhabited by many people is nearly impossible. Each person gives contradictory clues.
It is even likely that the flaming red hair and light eyes was part of the identity, because the woman in the swing was blond, and the photo of Katarina's mother' estranged daughter had dark hair, which be Katarina or not, makes it highly likely Katarina too had dark hair.
https://preview.redd.it/7rstibubhxk51.png?width=1916&format=png&auto=webp&s=ecef5487f448879bca1dbf5d1767605c951e691a
We have one more aspect to consider, and that is what two contradictory statements made by Katarina to her parents mean in term of Katarina's real allegiance:
Since the KGB considered Katarina a traitor, then it means that Katarina's mother, Lena Volkova (as she appears credited), was KGB, while her father, Dom, was not KGB, but then likely CIA, or MI-6 or something of the sort, so that she tells him she was not a traitor. While the CIA may have believed for a while she was a traitor, ultimately Alan Fitch was her boss, and what he was doing may have been sectioned, if illegal. Remember the CIA is actively trying NOT to find her.
https://preview.redd.it/zped6gxkhxk51.png?width=1335&format=png&auto=webp&s=a288dcfd9981d0faf15ff8d29f7241eef89ed04b
Katarina was then pretending to be KGB, or had been recruited by the KGB, but in reality she was CIA, and given a burn notice. They first deny she exist, and do not try to find her, just like Brian Osterman, who was in reality even after being "dismissed" and records eliminated, but who was running a secret mission for his boss, Director Wilcox (new Clandestine Service chief), like Katarina was doing for Fitch (remember that Fitch in 2014 was the Assistant Director of National Intelligence, but we have no idea what job he had in 1990).
And that helps explain a lot of what is happening around her supposed KGB "comrades", Ilya and her father Dom. Both are described as ghosts, neither prints nor face can be identified.
Dom had supposedly been investigated as Oleander by the CIA, yet his prints and face are not in the databases, and Ressler cannot find him. So that investigation was either a sham, or was quickly shuttered from above.
https://preview.redd.it/h3wgm7ephxk51.png?width=1280&format=png&auto=webp&s=e3651c24089b8425be86fd497758787f23be9fb0
While if "Ilya Koslov" had really been a Soviet citizen working for an embassy in the US during the Cold War, he would have been vetted multiple times (by the FBI among others) and spied on. The FBI, however, have nothing on him, which means the Koslov identity was a made up identity and Ilya's name is not Koslov, and he was not really KGB. Even under a different name, his prints and face would be on file had he really been a USSR diplomat.
So what we have is a massive charade in which Dom as Oleander, Ilya as "Ilya Koslov" and Katarina as "Katarina Rostova" are pretending to BE KGB (or recruited as such while being agents for the other side. Their identities had been scrubbed once the "job" was done. The Russians tell Ressler who Dom was (Katarina Rostova's father), and a British agent, Skip Sutherland, digs up a file on "Ilya Koslov," just like Mossad knew who Leonard Caul was when the US had no record of him.
DOM TO RED: You were the architect of this charade.
What we know is that "Ilya" is his real first name, he is a childhood friend of Red, has been using the name Frank Bloom, and he retired in 1991.
https://preview.redd.it/i8z4fr14ixk51.png?width=1040&format=png&auto=webp&s=ecf909345b0942221394efed3ac3e9058299af71
We know that "Dominic" is Dom's real first name, and that he has something identifiable in him that would signal him as a Rostov, if he goes to a hospital. This might point to his being Constantin's distant uncle who contracted the Ribowski virus and lived longer than any other Rostov with a disease inherited through the paternal line.
https://preview.redd.it/6tc6cuj6ixk51.png?width=728&format=png&auto=webp&s=0c913ffdad48cb2b31c2ae1d639ab7f211cc72a3
But that does not mean his real last name is Rostov, because he could have been adopted by a step father, or the family may have changed their name. We know Dom, before falling into a coma as a product of Fakerina's attack, was 81 and took a lot of medication.
https://preview.redd.it/19s8aamtixk51.png?width=1168&format=png&auto=webp&s=e46fbe1fb02c4593abba1d9992915437731c4b39
Both Dom and Lena have ties to New York: Lena, having met Katarina in the Cross Sound Ferry terminal, and Dom having a cabin that closely resembles one child's drawing kept with Katarina's childhood mementos and American toys, which suggests that Dom had that cabin when Katarina was growing up.
https://preview.redd.it/gxebyobpixk51.png?width=1909&format=png&auto=webp&s=8d815895450f6cdd595147eeffc9e264f69abfb0
This suggests that Katarina grew up in the US, Dom lived in the US when she was growing up, and that Lena story of coming to the US in the 1970s after breaking up with her husband in Russia is balderdash, yet we have indications she might have been KGB. A sleeper agent? Or that husband was not Dom.
When we looked at Alan Fitch, Katarina's real boss, what stands out is what he was really doing, especially in regards to the cabal and Red.
Regardless of what he told the cabal, and even what he and Red talked in public places, what Fitch was doing was protecting Red, telling the others Red had a death switch he knew well was a lie, because the fulcrum had 4 parts, and he was still holding one of them.
https://preview.redd.it/qjnxfvywlxk51.png?width=864&format=png&auto=webp&s=857e96498e6b3f72a5cb7c5cc3479a0b1fdc0012
Fitch and Katarina, then, are likely to have recorded that incriminating tape found at Minister D to exonerate Red if needed, something Red called a Pyrrhic victory, one in which the cost is higher than the outcome. Everything about that tape should be taken with a grain of salt, or likely, a few: from the date on the tape, to the contents of it, and even who caused that fire at Minister D's.
So Fitch and Katarina were involved in the cabal, but Red (and RR) did not know anything about it.
So far, we have Katarina and RR, who are not who they say they are. Reddington seems to be an assumed last name, and Katarina, whatever her real last name really is, is pretending to be a KGB agent.
We have Liz, who is not who she thinks she is (Masha Rostova), daughter of bio-father, RR, and her bio-mother, a KGB agent whose real name name is not known to Red, and having an adopted, real mother, Katarina.
We have Ilya and Dom who are ghosts, using fake last names, pretending to be KGB operatives.
https://preview.redd.it/1easww0cpxk51.png?width=1916&format=png&auto=webp&s=2a25a0b83999bf9f249dde566166891b24c41f10
We have Katarina's mother, who seemed to have been really KGB, based on what Katarina tells her, telling her new husband Ted King a ludicrous story:
She told me she was from Saint Petersburg, uh, that she'd split with her husband in her 40s, came to America to start over, and spent the rest of her life here.
and who has a hidden photo who she tells Ted was a estranged daughter. Ressler assumed that was Katarina, but we do not know that. Put together with another drawing found among Katarina's childhood things, of a man with two dark haired girls, and the photo Scottie has of a dark haired woman blowing bubbles with a girl, and it seems that we have at least some clues that point to:
  1. Lena may have had two daughters,
  2. Katarina may have been a brunette, and
  3. Scottie may be a sister, a half sister, or a cousin to Katarina, which also goes to what Red tell Dom:
The tense (" always had") tells us this is not about the new born baby. Dom has always had other family members other than Liz (who they think is dead), and Katarina, who Dom cannot see.
More so, we have Scottie and Liz sharing a middle name, Scott, which might be Scottie's maiden name and Liz's mother maiden name. And if so, were Katarina and Scottie sisters, half sisters or cousins? And is then Scott Dom's real last name?
Scottie's is another character whose actions are shrouded in secrecy. Red says "people like us", establishing a connection to her that we still do not know what it means precisely, because Red and Scottie do not share much that is apparent, other than being strategists.
When we looked at the abduction of young Christopher Hargrave, we deduced that Howard, his father, was an innocent party, his actions being logical for the father of a missing child, and he was not swayed by the fake confession that stopped the official investigation. He continued looking, and he found his son, likely when Tom's DNA hit CODIS as part of unknown DNA in the crime scene of Fake Berlin in 1.22 (2014). Red may have provided the missing details about the Major, because we know between 1.22 and 2.08 Red went from being ready to kill Tom, to just warn him not to see Liz again.
While we deduced that Scottie likely knew who had taken him, and/or had to do something to get him back, which is likely she did, at least partly, and then may have hidden her son with someone she trusted, and was told the child had died, because she undergoes a big change about six months after the abduction, after a car accident. It is likely Scottie was who arranged the fake confession (or knew who did) in order to protect who had taken him first, and/or what she had done to get him back, where and with whom she had hidden him, and what had really happened to young Christopher.
It is likely that IF Scottie is Lena's daughter, it is she who she is protecting, for Lena's curious locations, and the date she found Ted King to marry, coincide when Tom's. Where he was, and when he disappeared again, this time by being recruited by the Major. If so, it is likely Lena never told Scottie she had found her son, or that he had lost him again, in 1998.
https://preview.redd.it/gim10yuqpxk51.png?width=1916&format=png&auto=webp&s=2c40cad2b9c89f93238611f2deff45e1e5d78b0a
We also examined the man who became Liz's only real father, Sam Milhoan. A man whose connections to Katarina where not known at all, so IF they happened, it was under Katarina's real identity, or under Sam's real identity, if Milhoan is not his real name. We know Sam knew Katarina, but we also know that it is likely his real connection was RR, for he seems to want Katarina to come back for her kid, and he seems indignant about what is being said about Reddington. Sam is also someone Red loves, and knows for most of his life. What is notorious is that while Katarina asked Sam to take care of her child, Sam in reality follows Red's directives to raise Liz, joining Dom, who follows what Red wants in what to tell Liz, and Naomi, who also ASKS Red when is Red going to tell Liz something.
Now let us turn to Liz's other parent, RR only known, non-blood relatives, his wife and daughter of record. The hapless, forever cheated on Naomi, and her sad daughter Jennifer, hiding in utter fear.
Of course the narrative on Naomi Hyland AKA Carla Reddington does not hold up any better to scrutiny.
For one, she was in WITSEC, which is not for scared wives, but for witness who provide evidence or testimony. So we have supposedly fake evidence fabricated by the lover, Katarina, but is the wife who seems to have provided it. Naomi also seem to have instilled in her daughter Jennifer a genuine fear of Reddington, but we know she was not scared of Red at all. If her father had died, it would have been easier to tell so to her daughter, rather than letting her live in fear?
Naomi also uses strange words to refer to what she left behind, "one life", not "her life". She inquires how much Liz knows, seems to take his cues of what to say to Liz from Red, but recognizes in Agent Elizabeth Keen little Masha Rostova. She marvels at Red "pulling it off" working with Liz. She also emphasizes that Jennifer is HER daughter.
Naomi's 2014 kidnapping by Berlin ends with Red giving her a new identity with her husband, but when he looks for her in 2019 because of the bones, he cannot find her or any news of a violent death.
Naomi held to dismemberment without providing Berlin with any information, attempted a daring and difficult attack to escape, and has a temper shown in the punch to the face she gives Red, drawing blood. Yet their goodbye remains a tender affair. She also told Red that Jennifer left because she was scared of him, which is not what Jennifer tells Red.
And talking about Jennifer Reddington, nothing does any better in the matter of holding the narrative. While she appears a sad woman working in a bar for minimum wage when we meet her, we know she has a college education, it is likely that the identity Lillian Roth was given to her in 2017 (no trace of college or any prior life events, like she appeared in 2017) and she may have recognized Liz, because if she was scared of her father, she likely followed news about him, and Liz was attached to Reddington's name while she was a fugitive. She also knows Liz is remembering things said about the beach house. "20 steps to the sand".
If RR saw his daughter Masha, then it makes sense she would spend time with him, and likely his wife and daughter, since they both recognize her.

https://preview.redd.it/gofiuyizpxk51.png?width=599&format=png&auto=webp&s=eddec904a8f8cfa916154cf415c6894b8d06c58e
Jennifer tells Liz that she is Jennifer Reddington, which makes no sense because she is hiding from him, and Liz has been linked to him. But not only that, when she comes into possession of the bones, instead of going to Liz (she had been to her apartment), Ross has this elaborate plan where he takes Liz fake-hostage and Red exchanges himself for her life, and Liz is beaten up voluntarily, all to have Red tell them the secret of the bones, which supposedly they have, because there is a report shown to Liz by Jennifer, which states the bones had been identified as the remains of RR. If she really wanted Liz's help, was calling her for a chat too simple a deal? Or was that high stakes charade necessary to sell that ludicrous report?
Later, the sister join forces, with Jennifer supposedly scared to death Red would see her, but meeting with him with no fear in a restaurant, unbeknown to Liz, to take him to "Naomi's" (not her mother's) tombstone in exchange for honest answers about the only real question she asked of Red: "Why am I here?"
The bones's identification as RR's remains does not hold any better to scrutiny than the rest of the narrative has. Liz undoubtedly saw a report which told her that the remains were of her bio-father, RR. But the actions of all the others who look at the report, or interact with or about the bones makes no sense if that is their ID.
https://preview.redd.it/bb93pqx4qxk51.png?width=755&format=png&auto=webp&s=621514d280fa3a5f7095cf545742591a1d07a852
DEMBE: Ross wants blood. He thinks you (RED=RR) ruined his life. (BY TRICKING ROSS TO SELL BOGUS PLANS)
RED: I didn't give Sutton Ross bogus plans for the Grayscape Seventeen. (IT WAS A US NAVY COUNTERINTELLIGENCE OPERATION)
DEMBE: But he thinks you (RED=RR) did, and because of that, he wants to world to know what's inside the duffel. (A SECRET RED WANTS TO KEEP, NOT THE BONES OF RR, ON WHOM ROSS WANTS REVENGE)
So, if, as it seems, the bones could not have really been identified as the remains of RR, Liz's bio-father, how on earth did Liz see a report that said just that? It seems likely Jennifer made a fake DNA test, as Red warned Liz not to be fooled by such a thing:
Honestly, Elizabeth, it astounds me that you could be hornswoggled by something as simple to fabricate as a DNA profile.
And if she did this, then her objective was to fool Liz into believing Red was a supplanter, not their father (Biological father for Liz, and if we trust the emphasis Naomi put on Jennifer being HER daughter, Jennifer's legal father), but not bio-father.)
At the first opportunity available, Jennifer convinced Liz to send Red to jail, where he would stand trial for treason, thus answering what was Jennifer first real question to Red: "Why am I here?", meaning why was she in WITSEC, a question Red answered by telling Jennifer:
You weren't abandoned. You were protected.... In 1990, the KGB and the CIA had almost nothing in common except the mutual determination to hunt down one individual.... Being a fugitive from American law enforcement is a lot easier than being a fugitive from the two most powerful nations on Earth. And anyone close to a target of theirs becomes a target themselves....Especially family.
Jennifer seemed to believe that individual was Red, but we know it was katarina, chased by the CIA and the KGB. And when Red is put on trial for treason, the evidence which landed him indicted of it surfaces: evidence that he was framed by Katarina Rostova, working with Fitch. And if his wife was in witness protection for providing the evidence, the trail of money to the accounts, as it seems, then it exposed for those in the know, who had framed him. Red gave Jennifer the why.
Why were Naomi and Jennifer hiding, and who was to blame.
As well as why was RR still using the name Reddington, instead of changing his face and using a different name: it maintained Naomi in WITSEC awaiting a trial that for 30 years had not happened, as long as he appeared to be alive. Sure, his being a criminal protected Liz, but it was not remaining Raymond Reddington that did it, because nobody knew the relationship between them, one he takes pains not to reveal. So, the only reason why Red, regardless of who he was before, remained Raymond Reddington past getting money from the banks, was for the benefit of one person: The woman we met as Naomi Hyland.
When we get to the framing of RR for the Gideon, again we run into a while bunch of nonsense trying to uphold the apparent narrative. For example, If RR was truly the ONLY officer who knew the coordinates, how come he was not a suspect? Even before Katarina framed him, he would have been a suspect, he should have been investigated. But he was not, he was a respected officer going around his business.
We then have the communique expressing Lamprey indicated new coordinates. It HAD to have been found contemporary to the events, or shortly thereafter, or a frame up would be suspected. So, who was Lamprey? And who indicated Lamprey was RR? Because whoever Lamprey was, he/she was a valuable asset for the KGB, while RR was considered the KBG's biggest enemy.
The money part, those $6 million, that was easy to do and backdate. Fingerprints and a password. But it seems to me that Katarina simply found a way to convey that Lamprey was Reddington, which was a nice sleight of hand. And so we have to consider that Lamprey was a traitor, likely in the CIA or the US Navy and that by framing Reddington, Katarina also protected him/her.
And that takes us to the fire. RR (bio-father) takes his child because Katarina (adoptive-mother) would not let him see her. This the early Fall of 1991, given how Kate and the cops are dressed. So, we know NOTHING of what was happening and where were:
  1. RR with a small child,
  2. Katarina looking for him,
  3. Carla Reddington, who was no longer living in the DC area,
  4. The Russians who seem to have lost an agent?
  5. What is Constantin Rostov doing?
  6. Where was Kate waiting?
That narrative does not hold up at all, especially because as Red says, Katarina wanted to be a family with RR. So, is Katarina the woman playing with Liz and RR in a Christmas tree lot, so before December 24th? Is she the woman heard saying "catch me" while Liz and who could be another child, dressed identically, are trying to find "him", before a man calls Liz "Lizzy and the girl runs to him, happily. Or is this woman heard there Carla Reddington, and RR took Liz to his wife and child in an undisclosed location?
Then we addressed the memories of the fire, and the arguments, concluding that we have two sets of arguments, one between RR and Katarina, and another between Katarina and some other man.
We have 2 locations, one a live in house, from which Liz is abducted after the house was on fire. The place where Liz sees Hat Man outside, down but trying to get up, and unless Liz remembers her hair in different ways, we might have a curly hair girl and a wavy hair girl, which, if Liz does not remember having a sister, and the girls looked similar, she might think is her. Then we have an extraction, in which Katarina seems to be distracting the man, while there is a rescue until the man realizes there are people in the house, who are then directed to search for a small object. This is where the fights happened, and where Liz shoots her father, or who she thinks is her father.
So what we see as one long argument may be two occasions, even if there are on the same night. The questions remain: we have two months to account for, between the abduction from Cape Breton Island, and the fire, as we know RR is reported missing by his wife Carla circa December 27th.
When did the KGB realize she was not coming back? Did they get to Rostov to asking him questions? Is this when he hid, changed his name? Lost his investments in Russia? And how come nobody realizes this Kirk dude is Rostov? Is it because they never met the real Constantin Rostov? Who did they think was Rostov? And what exactly was Katarina really doing for the KGB?
Was she the one seducing targets? Or was that another one of the women using the name, such as Fakerina? A woman who said:
With all the stories of women forced to marry or to have children (1.13 The Cyprus Agency, 2.12 The Kenyon Family, 4.13 Alistair Pitt, 4.15 The Apothecary, 6.17 Ana Grazia Duerte, 7.07 Hanna Hayes), six storylines featuring women forced by various means to marry, or to have children, we have to wonder, did someone forced Fakerina to have a child she did not want? Or was it part of her job to get kompromat?
We even have men having children they did not even know they had, basically because they were dead in Nyle Hatcher. Because one thing we have learn about what Red knows about Fakerina (or blond Kat) is that they do not know what's her real name:
She doesn't have a name. She's a ghost. Think of a name, any name, and that could be it.
and
Mmmh I knew her as Katarina Rostova. One of her many names. She was a KGB agent**.**
So it is possible that Fakerina, or another one of the women playing "Katarina Rostova" is Liz's bio-mother. Was she the one assigned to seduce RR? A sleeper agent, seducing a young Naval officer?
35 years ago, a Naval intelligence officer working for the US government fell fell into a relationship with a beautiful Russian woman. Unbeknownst to his superiors, that relationship, which started as guarded attraction, quickly evolved into passion, which resulted in pregnancy.
They had the child. A girl, whom they both loved.
What the Naval officer didn't know, but certainly should have suspected, was that the Russian woman was a KGB officer, that Katarina Rostova had been assigned to get close to Raymond Reddington and steal classified information from him.
And having children with targets was sometimes a technique used to enhance the control on the targets. Did the bio-mother really love Liz? We do not know. What we know is that the woman raising her is not the bio-mother, but Katarina.
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2020.09.02 17:34 FlyingDutchissimo Mike Hawk’s backstory

Mike Hawk was born to Mike Oxafloppin and York Oxafloppin in Sacramento, California. Mike Hawk was a pleasant child, not having constant tempers and rampages like many other babies of his age do. He grew up with his mother and father who were both very loving people. His parents loved him dearly and he had no reason to ever question them or their love for him. In school, Mike Hawk lived a slightly more wild life than hoped, often not doing too well in tests. However, Mike Hawk’s spirits remained high, as he knew that with the right amount of work and dedication he could achieve his ultimate goal of being an engineer. His crazed life didn’t stop though. Mike Hawk would begin dating Maya Soul, a girl in his class, at age 11. They broke up by the time they were 16, but it wasn't because she found someone better; rather, she just couldn't stand Mike Hawk anymore. She told him so on several occasions. This would be a low point in his life, as he felt left out and alone. Things would look up though when he noticed his grades were increasing due to his efforts, which Mike Hawk was pleased by. His parents also noticed he was becoming more committed to his schooling, so rewarded him by announcing they would travel to Cedar Point to ride the new for 1989 coaster Magnum XL-200. Mike Hawk was ecstatic, as he had heard his friends in school talk about how terrifying it was. They’d also visit Kings Island to ride The Beast. Mike Hawk loved both coasters equally and had a fantastic time on this trip. However, the end of the trip would not turn out as planned. The night before their departure back to California, Mike Hawk would wake up at 4:20 AM and noticed a cold breeze flowing through the room. This puzzled Mike Hawk, as he was sure the window was closed before they went to sleep. Mike Hawk got up and snuck to the window, only to find it was fully open. Thinking he had just forgotten it was open, he closed it, then turned back to bed. He then screamed. Underneath his bed was a grown man. The man tire to crawl out from underneath the bed but Mike Hawk stomped him into unconsciousness before his now woken parents called the police. While they were waiting for them to arrive they tried to keep the man hostage for the police, but he would escape before help arrived. They described the man to the police, and the response they got chilled them to the bone. The description fits perfectly with famed Russian hitman and mobster Vlad Choppervich. The incident traumatised Mike, but he moved forward with his life. Mike Hawk would eventually realise his dream of becoming an engineer at age 22. He would enjoy his job for about a decade until the horrors of his encounter with Vlad Choppervich that fateful day would return to plague him once more. Mike Hawk would be forced to seek out a therapist. He eventually found one he liked and began consulting with her. During is time the pair began developing a friendship, which would later transform into romantic feelings. The pair would begin dating each other. They would move into a new home in Santa Monica and began a new life together. Trouble would not leave Mike Hawk just yet though. He was walking along a stretch of beach in Malibu when he heard a screeching voice shout at him. He turned to see none other than billionaire Diana Diagonal staring at him with eyes of pure evil. She threatened to feed him to her dogs if he didn’t leave the beach. In a panic, Mike Hawk fled the beach. The following day, he went to work only to find he had been fired due to allegedly harassing a woman in Malibu. Mike Hawk knew that Diana was behind this, and there was nothing he could do. Mike would end up finding work in Six Flags Magic Mountain in Valencia, California, working as a ride operator on their racing wooden coaster “Colossus”. Although he was not earning as much as he wanted, he was content working with something he loved. Mike Hawk would ride Colossus when not operating it too since he loved it so much. However, he would lose his job working on Colossus when it closed in 2014. This upset Mike Hawk, as he loved the coaster and the interactivity with the riders. However, Mike would be happy to learn that Colossus would return, just in a new form as RMC hybrid Twisted Colossus. Mike would be hired to operate the coaster, just as he had when it was the original Colossus. Mike Hawk would end up preferring the new coaster to its previous form. Things would only get better for Mike Hawk when he proposed to his girlfriend on Twisted Colossus and got married in SFMM too. One more incident would occur though. One day, Mike Hawk was operating Twisted Colossus as usual when a particularly rude customer started cussing him out. Upon being ejected from the park, the customer attacked him, bruising Mike Hawk considerably. Despite this, Mike Hawk would get the upper hand in the clash and fought the person off. Knowing what happened, his higher-ups did not fire Mike Hawk, and he went back to working on Twisted Colossus the very same day. Things began to run smoothly for Mike Hawk again, which brings him to today. Mike Hawk continues to operate Twisted Colossus while entertaining its riders, has a happy home life with a pregnant wife and earns a good living. One question remains: where will Mike Hawk go from here?
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2020.09.01 14:47 rusticgorilla Lost in the Sauce: Rosenstein secretly curtailed Mueller's investigation into Trump's Russia ties

Welcome to Lost in the Sauce, keeping you caught up on political and legal news that often gets buried in distractions and theater… or a global health crisis.
If you are confused about what's going on with the McGahn subpoena, please see the "Court cases" section where I break it down. Basically, don't panic, it will almost certainly be overturned by the full bench.
Housekeeping:

Rosenstein grounds the plane

In 2017, former deputy attorney general Rod Rosenstein secretly narrowed Mueller’s investigation into Russian interference and ties to Trump, according to the NYT. Some career FBI counterintelligence investigators believed Trump’s own relationship with Russia “posed such a national security threat that they took the extraordinary step of opening an inquiry into them.” Rosenstein reportedly allowed the FBI to believe such an inquiry was ongoing while separately telling Mueller not to investigate the matter.
Mr. Rosenstein concluded the F.B.I. lacked sufficient reason to conduct an investigation into the president’s links to a foreign adversary. Mr. Rosenstein determined that the investigators were acting too hastily in response to the firing days earlier of James B. Comey as F.B.I. director, and he suspected that the acting bureau director who approved the opening of the inquiry, Andrew G. McCabe, had conflicts of interest.
Mr. Rosenstein never told Mr. McCabe about his decision, leaving the F.B.I. with the impression that the special counsel would take on the investigation into the president as part of his broader duties. Mr. McCabe said in an interview that had he known Mr. Mueller would not continue the inquiry, he would have had the F.B.I. perform it.
Rosenstein reportedly told Mueller: “This is a criminal investigation. Do your job, and then shut it down.” This recalls what Rosenstein told Trump circa Winter 2018:
Rosenstein — who, by one account, had gotten teary-eyed just before the call in a meeting with Trump’s chief of staff — sought to defuse the volatile situation and assure the president he was on his team… “I give the investigation credibility,” Rosenstein said, according to an administration official with knowledge of what was said during the call. “I can land the plane.”
  • Definition: A criminal investigation would ordinarily pursue allegations of criminal conduct. A counterintelligence investigation, by contrast, may pursue allegations of “coordination” between U.S. persons and foreign hackers that may be unseemly and problematic if true, but potentially not criminal—such as, to use Professor Kent’s example, the possibility that a person within the United States coordinated to distribute material previously hacked by agents of a foreign government. (Lawfare)

Election security briefings

The Office of the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) sent a letter to the House and Senate Intelligence Committees last week informing them that it’ll no longer provide in-person briefings on election security issues. Instead, the committees will be given written updates, eliminating the opportunity for congress to question officials.
"This is a shocking abdication of its lawful responsibility to keep the Congress currently informed, and a betrayal of the public's right to know how foreign powers are trying to subvert our democracy. This intelligence belongs to the American people, not the agencies which are its custodian. And the American people have both the right and the need to know that another nation, Russia, is trying to help decide who their president should be," Pelosi and Schiff said in a statement.
Schiff pointed to Russia as the main reason for the change: "What changed is the President, probably in another fit, saying 'I don't want congress informed.' Because the last time Congress was informed, the DNI had to put out a statement to acknowledge that the Russians are helping Trump again. That’s his goal - to suppress that information." (clip)
Schiff added that the House “will compel the intelligence community to give Congress the information that we need. We will compel the intelligence community also to speak plainly to the American people.”

Court cases

Today, Tuesday, the 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals will hear arguments in Trump’s attempt to block Manhattan D.A. Vance’s subpoena for his tax returns from Mazars. In filings last week, Vance wrote that "continued delay of the grand jury’s investigation is unwarranted” and “would significantly impair the Office’s ability to discharge its constitutionally protected duty to investigate and, where appropriate, prosecute violations of New York law.”
Update: 2nd Circuit promises a decision by the end of the day on whether to stop a subpoena for President Trump's tax returns
  • Further reading: Just Security: “Given the likelihood that Vance has already obtained the needed tax returns and probable appellate rulings which will provide access to the Mazars USA material, it is possible that sufficient evidence has been obtained that would support fraud indictments of the Trump Organization and pertinent executives in the near future.”
A three-judge DC Circuit Court panel ruled that the House cannot use the courts to enforce their subpoena for Don McGahn’s testimony. Judge Judith Rogers (appointed by Bill Clinton) split from the majority, Karen Henderson (a George H.W. Bush appointee) and Thomas Griffith (a George W. Bush appointee), in the 2-1 decision. The House has already vowed to request an en banc hearing - meaning a hearing by the entire DC Circuit bench.
The majority reasoned that the House needs to pass a law authorizing it to enforce subpoenas through the courts, first. Without such a statue, the House is limited to using its inherent contempt powers, they argue.
The dissent by Rogers states that Congress’ power to enforce subpoenas is implied in the Constitution and was reinforced by the recent Supreme Court ruling in the House’s quest for Donald Trump’s financial documents. It appears very likely that the full bench with rule in Congress’s favor given the SCOTUS opinion stating: “We have held that the House has authority under the Constitution to issue subpoenas to assist it in carrying out its legislative responsibilities.”
  • History: In February, the same appeals court panel split along the same lines in addressing whether the House has standing to sue executive branch officials. The House took the issue to the full DC Circuit court, which overturned Griffith and Henderson’s ruling 7 to 2, thus supporting Congress’s right to sue McGahn for testimony. In yesterday’s opinion, Griffith and Henderson write that “The en banc court held that the Committee has Article III standing, but the Committee ‘also need[s] a cause of action to prosecute’ its case in federal court.” It is the latter issue that the court is addressing currently.
  • Note that Judge Thomas Griffith is retired yesterday, as planned, opening the seat for McConnell protege Justin Walker - who was confirmed by the Senate in June (in the middle of a pandemic). Arguably, Walker will be farther right than Griffith. He is perhaps most well known for aggressively lobbying for and defending Brett Kavanaugh during the latter’s confirmation process to the Supreme Court (example of one of his Fox News appearances from the time).
The full DC Circuit ruled that the case against Michael Flynn does not have to be immediately dismissed, thus allowing District Judge Emmet G. Sullivan to question prosecutors’ unusual move to dismiss Flynn’s case ahead of sentencing. The 8-2 ruling reversed a previous ruling by a three-judge panel - made up of Judge Karen Henderson (same as from the McGahn panel) and Neomi Rao, a Trump appointee who has written numerous legally questionable and biased opinions. Obama appointee Robert Wilkins dissented on the panel.
The current full bench opinion states that the court has no reason to compel a district court to decide an undecided motion in a particular way:
"The only separation-of-powers question we must answer at this juncture is whether the appointment of an amicus and the scheduling of briefing and argument is a clearly, indisputably impermissible intrusion upon Executive authority, because that is all that the District Judge has ordered at this point," the majority opinion said. "We have no trouble answering that question in the negative, because precedent and experience have recognized the authority of courts to appoint an amicus to assist their decision-making in similar circumstances.
The House Intelligence Committee voluntarily narrows its subpoena to Deutsche Bank seeking Trump’s financial information in order to expedite the case. The new subpoena focuses only on Trump, Don Jr., Eric, and Ivanka.
The Supreme Court laid out a test last month after President Trump fought the subpoena...The opinion itself held that courts should consider four factors when weighing congressional subpoenas that involve a sitting president, including whether or not the information is available in other ways, the breadth of the request, the request’s legislative purpose, and the burden placed on a President by complying with the request.
Similarly, the House Oversight Committee issued a memo explaining why their subpoena to Mazars seeking Trump’s financial records already satisfies the four factors identified by the Supreme Court. In a filing to the DC Circuit, the House counsel writes, "if this Court does not resolve this case now, the Trump Plaintiffs will almost certainly have succeeded in blocking the 116th Congress from obtaining any documents pursuant to its subpoena.”
A coalition led by the National Urban League asked a federal judge on Tuesday to act promptly and extend the 2020 census response deadline, which is just over a month away. The Trump administration set September 30 as the date to stop collecting responses, despite earlier saying it needs extra time due to the pandemic.
A federal judge has ordered the State Department to issue a U.S. passport to the daughter of a married gay couple whom the Trump administration had argued in court was ineligible for birthright citizenship. Derek Mize and Jonathan Gregg are both U.S. citizens. Their daughter, Simone, was born in July 2018 via a gestational surrogate in the United Kingdom using one father’s sperm and an anonymously donated egg.
For the second time in a week, a federal judge issued a blistering ruling against a controversial rule by Betsy DeVos’s Education Department that directs states to give private schools a bigger share of federal coronavirus aid than Congress intended.

Congress

The House Oversight Committee officially notified members that Chairwoman Maloney intends to issue a subpoena to Postmaster DeJoy. Maloney said the subpoena will seek “documents he has been withholding from Congress,” including those requested at the emergency hearing on August 24.
On Friday night—two days after this deadline—DeJoy sent a letter to the Committee stating: “I trust my August 24 testimony before the Committee on Oversight and Reform clarified any outstanding questions you had.” DeJoy has not produced a single additional document since the House and Senate hearings were held.
  • Further reading: One week after Postmaster General Louis DeJoy announced he was temporarily suspending changes to the United States Postal Service, NBC News spoke with eight postal union representatives from throughout the nation, all of whom expressed concerns and provided examples of ongoing delays in mail delivery.
  • USPS Board of Governors Chairman, Robert M. Duncan, was revealed to be a director of the Mitch McConnell-allied Senate Leadership Fund super PAC. This is in addition to his position as director of pro-Trump super PAC American Crossroads.
The House Foreign Affairs Committee is preparing to hold Secretary of State Mike Pompeo in contempt for his repeated refusal to cooperate with the committee's investigations. Pompeo told the committee that he would only turn over the subpoenaed documents if the House also investigated the same anti-Biden conspiracies as the Senate was.
Chairman Engel said, “From Mr. Pompeo’s refusal to cooperate with the impeachment inquiry to his willingness to bolster a Senate Republican-led smear against the President’s political rivals to his speech to the RNC which defied his own guidance and possibly the law, he has demonstrated alarming disregard for the laws and rules governing his own conduct and for the tools the constitution provides to prevent government corruption. He seems to think the office he holds, the Department he runs, the personnel he oversees, and the taxpayer dollars that pay for all of it are there for his personal and political benefit.
Four House chairs are seeking an investigation by the Defense Dept. IG into retaliation against the Vindmans. Last week, Yevgeny Vindman filed a whistleblower complaint saying he was retaliated against for raising concerns about Trump's phone call with Zelensky and alleged sexist and unethical behavior by national security adviser Robert O'Brien, as well as O'Brien's senior adviser Alex Gray.

Details from upcoming books

The New York Times' Michael Schmidt has a book coming out called "Donald Trump v. The United States."
Schmidt reports that White House counsel Don McGahn sent a two-page memo to Chief of Staff John Kelly arguing that Jared Kushner's security clearance needed to be downgraded in 2018. Kelly had serious concerns about granting Kushner a top-secret clearance in response to a briefing he had received related to the routine FBI investigation into Kushner’s background. The pair reduced Kushner’s clearance from top secret to secret, but ultimately Trump intervened to ensure Kushner got his top-secret security clearance.
Schmidt reports that the day after Trump fired Comey, the president offered then-Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly the job - but demanded Kelly be loyal to “only him.” "Kelly immediately realized the problem with Trump's request for loyalty, and he pushed back on the president's demand," Schmidt writes. "Kelly has told others that Trump wanted to behave like an authoritarian and repeatedly had to be restrained and told what he could and could not legally do."
Schmidt reports that Pence was ready to take over for Trump during his so-called “routine” visit to Walter Reed Medical Center late last year.
Describing Trump’s unexpected November 2019 visit to Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, he reports the White House wanted Mike Pence “on standby to take over the powers of the presidency temporarily if Trump had to undergo a procedure that would have required him to be anesthetized.” (NYT)
Finally, Schmidt writes that Mitch McConnell fell asleep during a classified briefing on Russia.
...
First lady Melania Trump’s former senior adviser and close friend, Stephanie Wolkoff, also has a book coming out.
Donald Trump wanted his inauguration to look like a North Korean military parade. When discussing the parade with Winston Wolkoff and Ivanka during the transition, Trump said: “I want tanks and choppers. Make it look like North Korea,” he told them. Winston Wolkoff wrote: “He really wanted goose-stepping troops and armored tanks? That would break tradition and terrify half the country.”
In her book, she describes how Melania didn’t want to move to the White House right away in part because she didn’t want to have to use the same shower and toilet as former first lady Michelle Obama and was waiting for the bathroom to be renovated. (Politico)
Wolkoff says she is now “working with three different prosecutors” regarding their investigations into Trump’s inaugural committee, which she helped plan. The U.S. Attorney's Office in the Southern District of New York and local attorneys general in New Jersey and Washington, D.C., are reportedly scrutinizing millions of dollars in allegedly excessive and inexplicable expenditures.

Environmental news

FEMA administrator Peter Gaynor repeatedly declined to answer on CNN's "State of the Union" Sunday whether he believes human activity is responsible for climate change, instead saying, "I'm going to leave all that up to the scientists."
A U.S. appeals court on Monday overturned the Trump administration’s July 2019 rule that sought to suspend a regulation that more than doubled penalties for automakers failing to meet fuel efficiency requirements.
On Friday, attorneys general from 21 states joined together to sue the Trump administration to stop changes to the National Environmental Policy Act, often called the Magna Carta of environmental laws.
Washington Attorney General Bob Ferguson (D): “NEPA requires something basic, but very important from the federal government,” he said. “It basically requires the federal government to look before they leap. Pretty straightforward. Look at the science, look at the impacts. What's going to happen if we go forward? ...What the Trump administration wants to do is put blinders on before the federal government leaps, so we don't know what those impacts are.”
Two separate coalitions of green groups are suing the Trump administration to challenge plans that would open 82 percent of Alaska’s National Petroleum Reserve to oil drilling.
A coalition of 13 groups sued the Interior Department and National Park Service on Wednesday over its decision to ease restrictions on hunting bear cubs and wolf pups at national preserves in Alaska.

Immigration News

The U.S. government has detained children at several major hotel chains — more than previously known — during the coronavirus pandemic instead of transferring them to government-funded shelters. Since March, the Trump administration has used hotels to hold at least 660 children, most unaccompanied by a parent, before expelling them to their countries of origin.
A 50-year-old Honduran man who had been in ICE custody died at a Texas hospital after testing positive for COVID-19. The man had been detained at the Joe Corley Processing Center in Conroe, Texas, where, according to agency statistics, 50 people have tested positive for the disease since the beginning of the pandemic.
Two women who were featured in a video of a naturalization ceremony shown at the Republican National Convention on Tuesday night said they did not know it would be aired at the political event.
Customs and Border Protection paid $476K for people's phone location data from a company that's under investigation for selling personal data.
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2020.08.30 20:22 Kingofearth23 Anonymity by State/Country: Comprehensive Global Guide III

Ever since i started playing regularly, i've researched anonymity in places. Here is what i have for each state plus a bunch of other countries. If anything is outdated or incorrect, please comment.
United States
Alabama: No current lottery. Source: https://www.wtvy.com/content/news/Lottery-bill-other-legislation-is-likely-dead-in-Alabama-legislature-569059451.html
Alaska: No current lottery/Not Anonymous. "Unlike most other states, Alaska doesn’t have a state-sponsored lottery." Source: https://www.lotterycritic.com/lottery-results/alaska/ Alaska does permit charities to run lotteries, the largest one is Not Anonymous. Source: http://www.lottoalaska.com/
Alaska's governor has proposed a bill to create an official Alaska State Lottery. Source: https://apnews.com/78cacca5137f6b47e41be2de37600044
American Samoa: No current lottery. Source: https://simonsblogpark.com/onlinegambling/simons-guide-to-gambling-in-american-samoa/amp/
Arizona: 100% Anonymous if requested by the winner for all wins of $100,000 and over. Source: https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/arizona-becomes-latest-state-shield-lottery-winners-names-n995696
Arkansas: Not Anonymous/Other entities unclear. "Winner information is subject to disclosure under the Arkansas Freedom of Information Act (FOIA). A winner who receives a prize or prize payment from the ASL grants the ASL, its agents, officers, employees, and representatives the right to use, publish (in print or by means of the Internet) and reproduce the winner’s name, physical likeness, photograph, portraits, and statements made by the winner, and use audio sound clips and video or film footage of the winner for the purpose of press releases, advertising, and promoting the ASL". Source: https://www.myarkansaslottery.com/claim-your-prize
California: Not Anonymous/Only individuals can claim. “ The name and location of the retailer who sold you the winning ticket, the date you won and the amount of your winnings are also matters of public record and are subject to disclosure. You can form a trust prior to claiming your prize, but our regulations do not allow a trust to claim a prize. Understand that your name is still public and reportable”. Source: https://static.www.calottery.com/~/media/Publications/Popular_Downloads/winners-handbook-October%202018-%20English.pdf
Colorado: Not Anonymous/Anonymous via trust. “As part of the Open Records Act, we are required to release to the public your name, hometown, amount you won and the game you played. This information will be posted on coloradolottery.com and will be furnished to media upon request.” Source: https://www.coloradolottery.com/en/games/lotto/claim-winnings/ Source: https://denver.cbslocal.com/2016/01/15/in-colorado-and-other-states-lottery-winners-can-keep-names-secret/
Connecticut: Not Anonymous/Anonymous via a trust or LLC, "Certain information about our winners is public information: Winner's name and place of residence, date of claim, game played, prize amount won, and the selling retailer's name and location. While most winners claim prizes using their individual names, some winners come forward using other legal entities (i.e., trusts, business partnership) to claim their prizes. In those instances, the Lottery will promote the win using that legal entity's name. For more information about such instances, please consult your personal accountant or legal advisor.” Source: https://www.ctlottery.org/Content/winner_publicity.aspx
Delaware: 100% Anonymous if requested by winner. "Many winners have chosen to remain anonymous, as allowed by state law, but their excitement is yours to share!" Source: https://www.delottery.com/Winners and https://www.delottery.com/FAQs
DC: Not Anonymous/Anonymous via a trust or LLC. Anonymous question is not directly answered on lottery website. "In the District of Columbia, specific lottery winner information is public record." However, a Powerball Jackpot win was claimed via a LLC in 2009. Source: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/05/04/AR2009050402008.html
Florida: Not Anonymous/Anonymous via LLC. "Florida Lottery winners cannot remain anonymous. Florida law mandates that the Florida Lottery provide the winner's name, city of residence, game won, date won and amount won to any third party who requests the information; however Florida Lottery winners' home addresses and telephone numbers are confidential." Source: http://www.flalottery.com/faq
The Florida Lottery allows trusts to claim it, however winner information is still released in compliance with the law. A $15 Million jackpot was claimed by an LLC. Source: https://www.fox13news.com/amp/consumehit-the-lottery-remain-anonymous-not-in-florida Source: http://flalottery.com/pressRelease?searchID=199128
Georgia: 100% Anonymous if requested by the winner for all prizes over $250,000. Source: https://www.stl.news/georgia-governor-signs-bill-allowing-lottery-winners-remain-anonymous/121962/
Guam: Anonymity appears to be an option. Source: https://www.kuam.com/story/11218413/guamanian-wins-big-in-sportsbingo-but-has-yet-to-claim-2m-prize
Hawaii: No current lottery. Source: https://www.kitv.com/story/40182224/powerball-or-mega-millions-lottery-in-hawaii
Idaho: Not Anonymous."By claiming a winning lottery ticket over $600, winners become subject to Idaho’s Public Records Law. This means your “win” becomes an offcial Idaho public record. Your full name, the town where you live, the game you won, the amount you won (before and after taxes), the name of the retailer where you bought the ticket, and the amount the retailer receives for selling the ticket are all a matter of public record." Can seek anonymity if you have specific security concerns (rarely granted). Source: https://www.idaholottery.com/images/uploads/general/winnersguideweb.pdf
Illinois: Not Anonymous/Anonymous if requested by winner for all wins over $250,000 however info will be released to a FOIA request. "However, Murphy also cooperated with the Illinois Press Association in adding an amendment that ensures that Freedom of Information Act, an act designed to keep government agencies transparent by allowing the public to access any public record by request, supersedes the privacy law, according to attorney Don Craven, the press association’s legal counsel." Source: https://www.thetelegraph.com/news/article/Hidden-riches-Big-lottery-winner-in-Beardstown-13626173.php
Indiana: Not Anonymous/Anonymous via LLC or trust. "Indiana law allows lottery jackpot winners to remain anonymous, with the money being claimed by a limited liability company or legal trust." Source: https://www.chicagotribune.com/nation-world/ct-indiana-mega-millions-winners-20160729-story.html
Iowa: Not Anonymous/Can use a trust to claim but information will be released. "When you win an Iowa Lottery prize of $600 or more, you have to fill out a winner claim form that includes your name, address and Social Security number before you can claim your winnings. Iowa law makes the information on that claim form public, meaning that anyone can request a copy of the form to see who has won the prize. We redact sensitive information, such as your Social Security number, from the form before we release it, but all other details are considered public information under Iowa law (Iowa Code Section 99G.34(5)." Source: https://www.ialotteryblog.com/2008/11/can-prize-winne.html.
For group play, "Prizes can be paid to players who play as a group. A check can be written to an entity such as a trust or to a single individual." Source: https://ialottery.com/pages/Games/ClaimingPrizes.aspx
Kansas: 100% Anonymous if requested by the winner. "Kansas is one of a handful of states that does not have this requirement. If you win a prize in Kansas, you may request that your identity not be released publicly." Source: https://www.kslottery.com/faqs#faq-8
Kentucky: Anonymity appears to be an option. Anonymity or who can claim is not addressed on lottery website. But multiple instances of winners claiming anonymously have been reported in the news. "Kentucky Lottery spokesman Chip Polson said the $1 million Powerball winner claimed the prize on May 15 and the Mega Million winner claimed the prize on May 12. He confirmed that both players wanted their identity to remain a secret." Source: https://www.courier-journal.com/story/news/local/2017/05/19/two-1-million-lottery-winners-who-bought-tickets-louisville-want-privacy/101870414/
Louisiana: Not Anonymous/Anonymous via trust. "Under the Lottery's statute, all prize payment records are open records, meaning that the public has a right to request the information. Depending upon the amount won and public or media interest in the win, winners may NOT be able to remain anonymous. The statute also allows the Lottery to use winners' names and city of residence for publicity purposes such as news releases. The Lottery's regular practice is not to use winner information in paid advertising or product promotion without the winner's willingness to participate. Source: https://louisianalottery.com/faq/easy-5#35 Source: https://louisianalottery.com/article/1050/the-williams-trust-claims-share-of-50-million-powerball-jackpot
Maine: Not Anonymous/Anonymous via trust. "In the event that Maine does have a Mega Millions winner, he or she can opt to remain anonymous — but Boardman says that’s never happened. “What a winner could do in Maine is they could file their claim in the name of a trust, and the trust becomes the winner. So that’s how a winner could claim their ticket anonymously,” he says." Source: https://www.mainepublic.org/post/lottery-official-reminds-mainers-they-re-exceedingly-unlikely-win-16-billion-jackpot
Maryland*: Not Anonymous by Law, Anonymous in Practice. "However, the legal basis for this anonymity in Maryland is thin. The Maryland Lottery does not advertise that lottery winners may remain anonymous, but it posts articles on its website about winners and notes those winners who have “chosen to remain anonymous:” Source: https://www.gw-law.com/blog/anonymity-maryland-lottery-winners
*"Please note that this anonymity protection does not apply to second-chance and Points for Drawings contests run through the My Lottery Rewards program. Those contests are run as promotions for the Lottery. As such, they are operated under a different set of rules than our draw games and scratch-off games. The rules of participating in our second-chance and Points for Drawings contests state that winners' identities are published."" Source: https://www.mdlottery.com/about-us/faqs/
Massachusetts: Not Anonymous/Anonymous via trust "Lottery regulations state that a claimant's name, city or town, image, amount of prize, claim date and game are public record. Therefore, photographs may be taken and used to publicize winnings." Source: https://www.masslive.com/news/2018/05/lottery_sees_increase_in_winne.html
Michigan: Not Anonymous for Powerball and Mega Millions/100% Anonymous if requested by the winner for all other winners over $10,000. "Winner Anonymity. Michigan law requires written consent before disclosing the identity of the winner of $10,000 or more from the State lottery games Lotto47 and Fantasy 5. You further understand and agree that your identity may be disclosed, and that disclosure may be required, as the winner of any prize from the multi-state games Powerball and Mega Millions." Source: https://www.michiganlottery.com/games/mega-millions
Minnesota: Not Anonymous. Anonymity or who can claim is not addressed on lottery website but lottery blog states "In Minnesota, lottery winners cannot remain anonymous. A winner's name, city, prize amount won and the place that the winning ticket was sold is public data and will be released to media and posted on our website." Source: https://www.mnlottery.com/blog/you-won-now-what
Mississippi: 100% Anonymous if requested by the winner. "In accordance with the Alyce G. Clarke Mississippi Lottery Law, the Mississippi Lottery will not disclose the identity of the person holding a winning lottery ticket without that person's written permission." Source: https://www.mslotteryhome.com/players/faqs/
Missouri: Not Anonymous. "At the Lottery Headquarters, a member of the Lottery's communications staff will ask you questions about your win, such as how many tickets you bought, when you found out that you won and what you plan to do with your prize money. This information will be used for a news release. You will also be asked, but are not required, to participate in a news conference, most likely at the store where you purchased your winning ticket." Source: http://www.molottery.com/whenyouwin/jackpotwin.shtm
A Missouri State Legislator has submitted a bill to the State House to give lottery winners anonymity. Source: https://www.kfvs12.com/2020/02/25/mo-house-considers-legislation-protect-identity-lottery-winners/
Montana: Not Anonymous/Anonymous via trust. "In Montana, by law, certain information about lottery winners is considered public. That information includes: the winner's name, the amount won and the winner's community of residence. Winners may choose to claim as an individual or they may choose to form a trust and claim their prize as a trust. If a trust claims a lottery prize, the name of the trust is considered public information. A trust must have a federal tax identification number in order to claim a Montana Lottery prize." Source: https://www.montanalottery.com/en/view/about-faqs
Nebraska: Not Anonymous/Anonymous via LLC. Anonymity or who can claim is not addressed on lottery website but a winner created a legal entity to claim anonymously in 2014. "Nebraska Lottery spokesman Neil Watson said with the help of a Kearney lawyer, the winner or winners have created a legal entity called Carpe Diem LLC." Source: https://journalstar.com/news/state-and-regional/nebraska/m-nebraska-powerball-winner-to-remain-anonymous/article_a044d0f0-99a7-5302-bcb9-2ce799b3a798.html
A Nebraska State Legislator has now filed a bill to give 100% Anonymity to all winners over $300,000 who request it. Source: https://journalstar.com/news/state-and-regional/nebraska/anonymity-for-lottery-winners-bill-would-give-privacy-to-those/article_1cdba44d-c8bb-5971-b73f-2eecc8cd4625.html
Nevada: No current lottery. Source: https://www.reviewjournal.com/business/casinos-gaming/heres-why-you-cant-play-powerball-in-nevada/
New Hampshire: Not Anonymous/Anonymous via a trust. Anonymity or who can claim is not addressed on lottery website but a winner successfully sued the lottery and won the right to remain anonymous in 2018. Source: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/post-nation/wp/2018/03/12/winner-of-a-560-million-powerball-jackpot-can-keep-the-money-and-her-secret-judge-rules/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.bec2db2f7d2c
New Jersey: 100% Anonymous if requested by the winner. Source: https://www.nj.com/politics/2020/01/win-big-you-can-claim-those-nj-lottery-winnings-anonymously-under-new-law.html
New Mexico: Not Anonymous. “Winners of $10,000 or more will have name, city, game played, and prize amount and photo on website.” Can seek anonymity if you have specific security concerns (rarely granted). Source: https://www.nmlottery.com/uploads/FileLinks/82400d81a0ce468daab29ebe6db3ec27/Winner_Publicity_Policy_6_1_07.pdf
New York: Not Anonymous/Anonymous via a LLC. Anonymity or who can claim is not addressed on lottery website but per Gov. Cuomo: "For the past 40 years, individuals wishing to keep their name and information out of the public view have created LLCs to collect their winnings for them." Source: https://nypost.com/2018/12/09/cuomo-vetoes-bill-allowing-lotto-winners-to-remain-anonymous/
North Carolina: Not Anonymous. "North Carolina law allows lottery winners' identity to remain confidential only if they have an active protective order against someone or participate in the state's "Address Confidentiality Program" for victims of domestic violence, sexual offense, stalking or human trafficking." Source: https://www.charlotteobserver.com/news/local/article54548645.html
North Dakota: 100% Anonymous if requested by the winner. Source: https://www.kfyrtv.com/home/headlines/ND-Powerball-Winners-Have-Option-to-Remain-Anonymous-364918121.html
Northern Mariana Islands: 100% Anonymous if requested by the winner. Source: https://www.nmsalottery.com/game-rules/
Ohio: Not Anonymous/Anonymous via trust. Anonymity or who can claim is not addressed on lottery website but appears to have an anonymous option. "The procedure from there was a little cumbersome. I needed to create two separate trusts. One trust was to appoint me, as the trustee on behalf of the winner, to contact the Lottery Commission and accept the Lottery winnings. The secondary trust was set up for me as trustee of the first trust, to transfer the proceeds to the second trust with the winner as the beneficiary. This enabled me to present the ticket, accept the proceeds, and transfer it to the winner with no public record or disclosure." Source: https://www.altickcorwin.com/Articles/How-To-Claim-Lottery-Winnings-Anonymously.shtml
Oklahoma: Not Anonymous/Anonymous via trust or LLC. In accordance with the Oklahoma Open Records Act and the Oklahoma Education Lottery Act, the name of any individual, corporation, partnership, unincorporated association, limited liability company, or other legal entity, and their city of residence will be made public. Source: https://www.lottery.ok.gov/playersclub/faq.asp Source: https://oklahoman.com/article/5596678/lottery-winners-deserve-some-anonymity
Oregon: Not Anonymous. "No. Certain information about Lottery prizes is public record, including the name of the winner, amount of the prize, date of the drawing, name of the game played and city in which the winning ticket was purchased. Oregon citizens have a right to know that Lottery prizes are indeed being awarded to real persons. " Source: https://oregonlottery.org/about/public-interaction/commission-directofrequently-asked-questions Can seek anonymity if you have specific security concerns (rarely granted). Source: https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3353432/Man-living-Iraq-wins-6-4-million-Oregon-jackpot.html
Pennsylvania: Not Anonymous/Anonymous via trust. Source: https://lancasteronline.com/news/local/trust-that-won-powerball-no-relation-to-manheim-township-emerald/article_29834922-4ca2-11e8-baac-1b15a17f3e9c.html
Puerto Rico: 100% Anonymous if requested by the winner. Source: https://www.nbcnews.com/news/latino/puerto-rico-powerball-winner-claims-prize-chooses-stay-anonymous-n309121
Rhode Island: Not Anonymous/Anonymous if requested but all info is subject to FOIA. "While the Lottery will do everything possible to keep a winner's information private if requested by the winner, in Rhode Island and most other states, this information falls under the Freedom of Information Act, and a winner's name and city or town of residency must be released upon request." Source: https://www.rilot.com/en-us/player-zone/faqs.html
South Carolina: 100% Anonymous if requested by the winner. Anonymity or who can claim is not addressed on lottery website but appears to have an anonymous option based on prior winners. Source: https://myfox8.com/2019/03/15/the-anonymous-south-carolina-winner-of-the-largest-lottery-jackpot-is-donating-part-of-it-to-alabama-tornado-victims/
South Dakota: Not Anonymous for draw games and online games/100% Anonymous for Scratchoffs if requested by the winner. "You can remain anonymous on any amount won from a scratch ticket game. Jackpots for online games are required to be public knowledge. Play It Again winners are also public knowledge." Source: https://lottery.sd.gov/FAQ2018/gamefaq.aspx.
Tennessee: Not Anonymous/Can use a trust but info subject to open records act. Anonymity is explicitly noted as not being allowed on the official lottery website. Source: https://www.tnlottery.com/faq/i-won
However if it is claimed via a trust then the lottery will not give out your information unless requested to do so. "The TN lottery says: "When claiming a Lottery prize through a Trust, the TN Lottery would need identity documentation for the grantor and all ultimate beneficiaries. Once we are in possession of these documents and information, records are generated. If a formal request is made by a citizen of Tennessee, the Trust beneficiary's name, city and state must be made available under the Tennessee Open Records Act." Source: https://www.avvo.com/legal-answers/in-tennessee--can-a-lottery-jackpot-be-claimed-whi-2327592.html
Texas: 100% Anonymous if requested by the winner for $1 million or more IF the winner claims it as an individual AND chooses the Cash option. Not Anonymous if claimed by a trust or LLC or if the winner chooses the Annuity option. Source: https://www.txlottery.org/export/sites/lottery/Documents/retailers/FAQ_Winner_Anonymity_12112017_final.pdf
Utah: No current lottery. Source: https://www.lotterycritic.com/lottery-results/utah/
Vermont: Not Anonymous/Anonymous via trust. “The name, town and prize amount on your Claim Form is public information. If you put your name on the Claim Form, your name becomes public information. If you claim your prize in a trust, the name of the trust is placed on the Claim Form, and the name of the trust is public information.” Source: https://vtlottery.com/about/faq
Virginia: 100% Anonymous if requested by the winner for prizes over $10 million. "A new law passed by the Virginia General Assembly and signed by the Governor prohibits the Virginia Lottery from disclosing information about big jackpot winners." "When the bill goes into effect this summer, the Virginia Lottery will not be allowed to release certain information about winners whose prize exceeds $10 million, unless the winner wants to be known." Source: https://www.13newsnow.com/article/news/local/virginia/new-virginia-law-allows-certain-lottery-winners-to-keep-identity-private/291-c33ea642-e8fa-45fd-b3a4-dc693cf5b372
US Virgin Islands: Anonymity appears to be an option. A $2 Million Powerball winner was allowed to remain anonymous. Source: https://viconsortium.com/virgin-islands-2/st-croix-resident-wins-2-million-in-latest-power-ball-drawing/
Washington: Not Anonymous/Can use a trust but info subject to open records act. "As a public agency, all documents held by Washington's Lottery are subject to the Public Records Act. Lottery prizes may be claimed in the name of a legally formed entity, such as a trust. However, in the event of a public records request, the documents forming the artificial entity may be released, thereby revealing the individual names of winners." https://www.walottery.com/ClaimYourPrize/
West Virginia: 100% Anonymous if requested by the winner for prizes over $1 million and 5% of winnings remittance. "Effective January 1, 2019, House Bill 2982 allows winners of State Lottery draw games to remain anonymous in regards to his or her name, personal contact information, and likeness; providing that the prize exceeds one million dollars and the individual who elects to remain anonymous remits five percent of his or her winnings to the State Lottery Fund." Source: https://wvlottery.com/customer-service/customer-resources/
Wisconsin: Not Anonymous/Cannot be claimed by other entities. "Pursuant to Wisconsin’s Open Records law (Wis. Stats. Secs. 19.31–19.39), the Lottery is required to disclose a winner’s name, likeness and place of residence. If you win and claim a prize, the Lottery may use your name, likeness and place of residence for any purpose without compensation to you.
Upon claiming your prize, you waive any claims against the Lottery and its representatives for any and all liability which may result from the disclosure or use of such information." "The original winning ticket must be signed by a single human being. For-profit and non-profit entities, trusts, and other non-human beings are not eligible to play or claim a prize." Source: https://wilottery.com/claimprize.aspx
Wyoming: 100% Anonymous if requested by the winner. "We will honor requests for anonymity from winners. However, we certainly hope winners will allow us to share their names and good news with other players." Source: https://wyolotto.com/lottery/faq/
Other countries
Australia: 100% Anonymous if requested by winner. "The great thing about playing lotto in Australia is that winners can choose to remain anonymous and keep their privacy, unlike in the United States where winners don't have such a choice, and are often thrown into a media circus." Source: https://www.ozlotteries.com/blog/how-to-remain-anonymous-when-you-win-lotto/
Bahamas: No current lottery. Source: https://thenassauguardian.com/2013/01/29/strong-no-vote-trend-so-far-in-gaming-referendum/
Barbados: Not Anonymous. "No. Barbados Lottery winners cannot remain anonymous. The Barbados Lottery mandates the winner’s name, address, game won, date won and amount won be provided; however Barbados Lottery winners' home addresses and telephone numbers are confidential." Source: https://www.mybarbadoslottery.com/faqs
Brazil: 100% Anonymous if requested by the winner. Source: https://www.lotterycritic.com/lottery-results/brazil-lottery/
Canada: Not Anonymous. Every provincial lottery corporation in Canada requires winners to participate in a publicity photo shoot showing their face, their name and their municipality. Can seek anonymity if you have specific security concerns (rarely granted). Source: https://consumers.findlaw.ca/article/can-lottery-winners-remain-anonymous/
Carribbean Lottery Countries (Antigua/Barbuda, Anguilla, St. Kitts/Nevis, St. Maarten/Saba/St. Eustatius, and Turks/Caicos): Not Anonymous. "No. Caribbean Lottery winners cannot remain anonymous. The Caribbean Lottery mandates the winner’s name, address, game won, date won and amount won be provided; however Caribbean Lottery winners' home addresses and telephone numbers are confidential." Source: https://www.thecaribbeanlottery.com/faqs
China: 100% Anonymous if requested by the winner. Must appear in a press conference and photo but allowed to wear disguise. Source: https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2015/01/22/china-lottery-winners-mask/22108515/
Cuba: No current lottery. Source: https://oncubanews.com/en/cuba/society-cuba/cuban-traditions/lottery-the-national-game-infographics/
EuroMillions Countries (Austria, Belgium, France, Ireland, Luxembourg, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland, and UK*): 100% Anonymous if requested by the winner. Source: https://www.euro-millions.com/publicity
*United Kingdom: Excludes
*Caymen Islands, and Falkland Islands: No current lottery. Source: https://calvinayre.com/2018/11/02/business/cayman-islands-move-illegal-gambling-doesnt-address-real-issue/ Source: https://simonsblogpark.com/onlinegambling/simons-guide-gambling-falkland-islands/amp/#lottery-falkland-islands
*Anguilla, and Turks & Caicos: Not Anonymous. Source: https://www.thecaribbeanlottery.com/faqs
EuroJackpot Countries (Croatia, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands*, Norway, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, and Sweden): 100% Anonymous if requested by the winner. Source: https://www.euro-jackpot.net/en/publicity
*Netherlands: Excludes
*St. Maarten, Saba, and St. Eustatius: Not Anonymous. Source: https://www.thecaribbeanlottery.com/faqs
Fiji: 100% Anonymous if requested by the winner. Source: https://fijisun.com.fj/2012/11/08/3m-lotto-win-here/
Georgia (Kartvelia): Anonymity appears to be an option. "2.9.1. Prizes and Winners. Each Bidder shall provide details of:....how winners who waive their right to privacy will be treated;" Source: https://mof.ge/images/File/lottery/tender-documentation.pdf
Guyana: Not Anonymous. Source: https://www.kaieteurnewsonline.com/2013/05/16/winner-says-he-was-too-busy-to-collect-78m-lotto-prize/
India*: Not Anonymous. Source: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-35771298
*: Only available in the states of Kerala, Goa, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, West Bengal, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Manipur, Sikkim, Nagaland and Mizoram. Source: https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/lottery-mizoram-nagaland-sikkim-kerala-975188-2017-05-04
Indonesia: No current lottery. Source: https://apnews.com/45eb94ff1b1132470a7aa5902f0bc734
Israel: Not Anonymous by Law, Anonymous in Practice. “[A]lthough we have this right, we have never exercised it because we understood the difficulties the winners could encounter in the period after their win. We provide details about the winner, but in a manner that doesn’t disclose their identity,” Dolin Melnik, then-spokesperson for Israel’s Mifal Hapayis lottery told Haaretz in 2009." Source: https://www.timesofisrael.com/why-the-israeli-lottery-gives-winners-masks/
Jamaica: Not Anonymous. First initial and last name of winner was released but winner was allowed to wear a mask for photo. Source: https://news.e-servicis.com/news/trending/lottery-winner-takes-prize-in-scream-mask.1S/
Japan: 100% Anonymous if requested by the winner. Source: https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2017/09/08/business/japans-lottery-rakes-declining-revenues-younger-generation-gives-jackpot-chances-pass/#.XRYwVVMpCdM
Kenya: Not Anonymous. "9.1 When You claim or are paid a prize, You will automatically be deemed to grant to O8 LOTTO an irrevocable right to publish, through all types of media broadcasting, including the internet, for the purposes of promoting the win, Your full name (as well as Your nick name), hometown, photograph and video materials without any claim for broadcasting, printing or other rights" Source: https://mylottokenya.co.ke/terms-conditions
Malaysia: 100% Anonymous if requested by the winner. Source: https://says.com/my/news/a-24-year-old-malaysian-woman-just-won-more-than-rm4-million-from-4d-lottery
Nagorno-Karabakh: Not Anonymous. Source: http://asbarez.com/120737/artsakh-lottery-winner-claims-car-prize/
New Zealand: 100% Anonymous if requested by winner. Source: https://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10383080
North Korea: Not Anonymous. Source: https://www.nknews.org/2018/11/north-korean-sports-ministry-launches-online-lottery/
Northern Cyprus: Anonymity appears to be an option. Source: https://www.pressreader.com/cyprus/cyprus-today/20181124/281590946615912
Oman: 100% Anonymous if requested by the winner. Source: http://www.omanlottery.com/
Philippines: 100% Anonymous if requested by the winner. Source: https://www.rappler.com/nation/214995-ultra-lotto-winners-claim-winnings-pcso-october-2018
Romania: Anonymity appears to be an option. Source: https://www.thelotter.com/win-lottery-anonymously/
Russia: 100% Anonymous if requested by the winner. Source: http://siberiantimes.com/otheothers/news/siberian-scoops-a-record-184513512-roubles-on-russian-state-lottery/
Samoa: Not Anonymous. Source: https://www.rnz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/191796/samoa%27s-lotto-winner-still-a-mystery
Saudi Arabia: No current lottery. Source: https://www.arabnews.com/police-arrest-lottery-crooks-victimizing-expats
Singapore: Anonymity appears to be an option. Source: https://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/did-you-win-here-are-results-of-136m-toto-hongbao-draw
Solomon Islands: No current lottery. Source: http://www.paclii.org/sb/legis/consol_act/gala196/
South Africa: 100% Anonymous if requested by the winner. Source: https://www.thesouthafrican.com/powerball-results/powerball-winner-r232-million-found-lottery-details/
South Korea: 100% Anonymous if requested by the winner. Source: https://elaw.klri.re.keng_mobile/viewer.do?hseq=38378&type=sogan&key=5
Sri Lanka: Anonymity appears to be an option. Source: http://www.thesundayleader.lk/2010/01/31/where-do-all-the-lottery-winners-go/
Taiwan: 100% Anonymous if requested by the winner. Source: http://m.focustaiwan.tw/news/asoc/201806250011.aspx
Trinidad and Tobago: Anonymity appears to be an option. Source: https://trinidadexpress.com/news/local/student-wins-the-million-lotto/article_3f3c8550-570d-11e9-9cc3-b7550f9b4ad4.html
Tuvalu: No current lottery. Source: http://tuvalu-legislation.tv/cms/images/LEGISLATION/PRINCIPAL/1964/1964-0004/GamingandLotteries_1.pdf
United Arab Emirates: Not Anonymous. Source: https://www.ndtv.com/indians-abroad/shojith-ks-in-sharjah-uae-wins-abu-dhabi-duty-free-big-ticket-4-million-jackpot-rejects-calls-2032942
Vatican City: Anonymity appears to be an option. Source: https://cruxnow.com/vatican/2018/12/04/popes-white-lamborghini-up-for-raffle-winner-gets-trip-to-rome/
Vietnam: Anonymity appears to be an option. Source: https://ampe.vnexpress.net/news/news/vietnamese-farmer-identified-as-winner-of-4-million-lottery-jackpot-3484751.html
Windward Lottery Countries (Dominica, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines): Not Anonymous. "Prize winners asked to do so by Winlot must give their name and address, and satisfactory establish their identity. All winners of the Jackpot (Match 6) prize will be photographed. Note that Winlot and CBN reserve the right to publish the names, addresses and photographs of all the winners." Source: http://www.stlucialotto.com/snl/super6_rules_regs.php
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2020.08.27 20:40 ammodotcom America's Sovereign States: The Obscure History of How 10 Independent States Joined the U.S.

It is often said that before the Civil War, the United States “are,” but after the War, the United States “is.” This is a reference to the formerly theoretically sovereign nature of each state as compared to “one nation, indivisible.”
More than just the theoretic sovereignty of the individual states, the territory now comprising the U.S. has a rich history of sovereign states outside the control of the federal government. Some of these you’ve almost certainly heard of, but a lot of them are quite obscure. Each points toward a potential American secession of the future.
Vermont Republic (January 15, 1777 – March 4, 1791)
Current Territory: The State of Vermont
The earliest sovereign state in North America after the Revolution was the Vermont Republic, also known as the Green Mountain Republic or the Republic of New Connecticut. The Republic was known by the United States as “the New Hampshire Grants” and was not recognized by the Continental Congress. The people of the Vermont Republic contacted the British government about union with Quebec, which was accepted on generous terms. They ultimately declined union with Quebec after the end of the Revolutionary War, during which they were involved in the Battle of Bennington, and the territory was accepted into the Union as the 14th state – the first after the original 13.
The country had its own postal system and coinage, known as Vermont coppers. These bore the inscription “Stella quarta decima,” meaning “the 14th star” in Latin. They were originally known as “New Connecticut” because Connecticut’s Continental representative also represented Vermont Republic’s interests at Congress. However, the name was changed to Vermont, meaning “Green Mountains” in French.
Their constitution was primarily concerned with securing independence from the State of New York. Indeed, the state was known as “the Reluctant Republic” because they wanted admission to the Union separate from New York, Connecticut and New Hampshire – not a republic fully independent of the new United States. The genesis of the issue lay with the Crown deciding that New Hampshire could not grant land in Vermont, declaring that it belonged to New York. New York maintained this position into the early years of the United States, putting Vermont in the position of trying to chart a course of independence between two major powers.
The Green Mountain Boys was the name of the militia defending the Republic against the United States, the British and Mohawk Indians. They later became the Green Mountain Continental Rangers, the official military of the Republic. The “Green Mountain Boys” is an informal name for the National Guard regiment from the state.
In 1791, the Republic was admitted to the Union as the 14th state, in part as a counterweight to the slave state Kentucky. The 1793 state constitution differs little from the constitution of the Republic. The gun laws of Vermont, including what is now known as “Constitutional Carry,” are in fact laws (or lack thereof) dating back to the days of the Green Mountain Republic. The constitution likewise included provisions outlawing adult slavery and enfranchising all adult men.
Kingdom of Hawaiʻi / Republic of Hawaii (May 1795 – August 12, 1898)
Current Territory: The State of Hawaii and the Johnston Atoll
Hawai’i as a sovereign state is almost as old as the United States itself. Its origins were in the conquest of the Hawai’ian island. Western advisors (and weaponry) played a role in the consolidation of several islands into a single kingdom under Kamehameha the Great, who conquered the islands over a period of 15 years. This marked the end of ancient Hawai’i and traditional Hawai’an government. Hawai’i was now a monarchy in the style of its European counterparts. It was also subject to the meddling of great powers France and Britain, in the same manner of smaller European states.
The Kingdom was overthrown on January 17, 1893, starting with a coup d'état against Queen Liliʻuokalani. The rebellion started on Oahu, was comprised entirely of non-Hawai’ians, and resulted in the Provisional Government of Hawaii. The goal was, in the manner of other states on our list, quick annexation by the United States. President Benjamin Harrison negotiated a treaty to this end, but anti-imperialist President Grover Cleveland withdrew from it. The failure of annexation led to the establishment of the Republic of Hawaii on July 4, 1894.
In 1895, the Wilcox rebellion, led by native Hawai’ian Robert William Wilcox, attempted to restore the Kingdom of Hawai’i. The rebellion was unsuccessful and the last queen, Liliuokalani, was put on trial for misprision of treason. While convicted, her prison term was nominal. She was sentenced to “hard labor,” but served it in her own bedroom and was eventually granted a passport to travel to the United States, which she used to extensively lobby against annexation.
When pro-imperialist President William McKinley won election in 1896, the writing was on the wall. The Spanish-American War began in April 1898, with the Republic of Hawaii declaring neutrality, but weighing in heavily on the side of the United States in practice. Both houses of Congress approved annexation on July 4, 1898, and William McKinley signed the bill on July 7th. The stars and stripes were raised over the island on August 12, 1898. And by April 30, 1900, it was incorporated as the Territory of Hawaii.
Republic of West Florida (September 23, 1810 – December 10, 1810)
Current Territory: The Florida Parishes of Louisiana
The Republic of West Florida, now a part of Eastern Louisiana, was a short-lived republic resulting from the complicated and competing claims as to where the boundary between the French-controlled area of Louisiana and the Spanish-controlled territory of Florida actually sat. Great Britain also had a competing claim, which it ceded to Spain at the end of the Revolutionary War.
The overlapping claims are so complicated, that repeating them does little save for muddying the waters. The important fact is that there was an influx of Americans into the region in the early years of the 19th Century. Some of these were Loyalists fleeing the United States, but for the most part it was just Americans seeking what most Americans were at that time – land. This, plus the imprecise nature of international boundaries, led to an escalating series of military engagements between the United States on the one hand, and Britain and Spain on the other.
Everything ultimately came to a head in 1810. Secret meetings conspired against Spanish authorities. Three conventions for an independent republic were held in the open. Independence was declared and a capital organized at St. Francisville. On September 23, 1810, armed independence forces stormed Fort Carlos in Baton Rouge, killing two Spanish soldiers. There was a single battle, but it was decisive – The Republic of West Florida was a reality. The flag, on which the later Bonnie Blue Flag of Southern Secessionists was based, was flying freely.
President James Madison saw this as an opportunity: He could annex the district, securing territory the United States had its eyes on for years. Technically, Madison was not authorized to use American military forces in the region without Congressional approval. What’s more, Congress was not in session to provide such approval. But Madison acted anyway, and while there were certainly complaints, none of them amounted to much.
On October 27, 1810, President Madison stated that “possession should be taken” and dispatched Orleans Territory Governor William C. C. Claiborne to do so. The capital city of St. Francisville surrendered to the United States Army on December 6th, while Baton Rouge fell four days later. The primary objection to annexation from West Floridians is that they sought admission as a separate state, or at least wanted to see their elected officials incorporated into the power structure. This led to rebels once again raising the Republic’s flag on March 11, 1811, with Governor Claiborne dispatching troops. Spain did not drop their claim until American annexation of Florida in 1819.
The Republic of West Florida Constitution closely resembled that of the United States, with a bicameral legislature and three branches of government. The head of state was the governor, who was chosen by the legislature as a whole. “Republic of West Florida” is a historiological name – the official name of the country was the Republic of Florida. Today the region is known as the Florida Parishes of Louisiana.
Republic of Texas (March 2, 1836 – February 19, 1846)
Current Territory: The State of Texas and parts of New Mexico, Oklahoma, Kansas and Utah
The Republic of Texas is perhaps the most famous and historically significant sovereign state incorporated in the territory of the United States. The existence of the Republic of Texas was the driving force of a nearly two-year war between the United States and Mexico – and the near doubling of American territory all the way out to the Pacific Ocean, as well as the creation of a second republic on American territory.
The Republic of Texas was also the longest-lived of the American sovereign republics, lasting just two weeks shy of 12 years. Annexation as a state was by no means a foregone conclusion for the outset. The State of Texas still retains the prerogative to separate into five states without the consent of the federal government – an increase of eight Senators for the region.
We have covered the Texas Revolution extensively in our guide on the history of the Gonzales Flag. However, some background about how the Texians (as they were known) arrived in Texas is worth getting into. There is, much as the case with Florida, an extensive history of competing claims in the region. The important thing is that during the Mexican War of Independence, many Americans fought on the side of Spain as filibusters. 130 Americans of the Republican Army of the North became disillusioned with the Spanish government and attempted to form an abortive Republic of Texas in 1813, but were summarily crushed. Many of the veterans of the Battle of Medina became leaders in the Texas Revolution to come, and indeed signatories of the Texas Declaration of Independence.
The Republic of Texas is distinguished not only by being the longest-lasting state on our list, but also the most widely recognized. Andrew Jackson was the first United States President to recognize the breakaway nation, appointing a chargè d’affairs in March 1837. The French Legation was built in 1841, and is still the oldest frame structure in the state capital of Austin. Other countries to officially recognize Texas in an official, diplomatic manner include Belgium (freshly independent in its own right), the Federated Republic of Central America, France, the Hanseatic Cities of the Holy Roman Empire, the Netherlands, the Russian Empire and the Republic of the Yucatan, itself a breakaway republic from Mexico. The Republic likewise enjoyed strong trade relations with Denmark and the United Kingdom. Mexico never recognized Texas independence, considering it a renegade province that would eventually be reintegrated into Mexican territory.
Annexation by the United States was always a topic looming large in both Texas and United States politics. The overwhelming majority of Texians saw themselves as Americans, seeking union with the mother country. In the United States, the issue was politically thorny both because of the legality of slavery in the Republic (America at that time was unofficially governed by the Missouri Compromise, which sought to maintain a delicate balance between free and slave states) and relations south of the border. Indeed, the national leadership of both the Democrats and the Whigs opposed the annexation of Texas on some combination of each of these grounds.
The first administration to pursue the matter seriously was President John Tyler, who had been expelled from his political party and was an independent. He secured an annexation treaty in April 1844. The treaty was then sent to the Senate, where the terms were made public. Texas Annexation became one of – if not the – defining issue of the 1844 election. Southern delegates were able to deny popular former President Martin Van Buren the nomination on the grounds that he opposed annexation. This was, strictly speaking, not true. Van Buren simply opposed annexation without due care for Mexican and free state sensibilities. Indeed, Van Buren did not even fully oppose a military option to take control of Texas. James K. Polk won the Democratic nomination with the explicit backing of former President Jackson on a platform of Manifest Destiny in Texas.
In June 1844, the Whig-majority Senate voted down the annexation treaty. And by December of that year, after an anemic re-election bid (he dropped out of the race in August), Tyler obtained approval of the treaty by simple majority of both houses of Congress. He signed this bill in March 1845, as one of the final acts of “His Accidency” as president – and Texas ratified their side of the agreement, with new President Polk signing the bill in December 1845.
The Republic of Texas became the 28th state on February 19, 1846. A dispute over the full extent of the Republic ultimately led to the Mexican-American War of 1846-1848.
Continue reading America's Sovereign States: The Obscure History of How 10 Independent States Joined the U.S. at Ammo.com.
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2020.08.27 09:39 HauntedSpy SKs you never might've heard of: The USA

Greetings. For a long while now, I've been compiling and continue to compile a long list of SKs (convicted and suspected) across the world, which have yet to receive an article on Wikipedia. I haven't run a countdown, but I do believe it might count in the triple digits by now. Anyway, today I decided to share one individual SK for each US state and territory, with a little information and a linked article/source to their crimes. I hope you find this information as fascinating as I do. Let us begin. ALABAMA: Curtis Grantham (1988; 3 victims) Murdered two women in Phenix City, burying them in a wooded area in Seale. Later confessed to the October murder of 32-year-old Dawn Ball, previously thought to be a victim of Christopher Wilder. Sentenced to life imprisonment. ALASKA: Gary Zieger (1971-1973; 6+ victims) Doubling as a member of a motorcycle gang who was paid to kill people, Zieger is also thought to be responsible for murdering at least three female hitchhikers around Anchorage. The true extents of his crimes remains unclear, and he himself was murdered along the Seward Highway in 1973. AMERICAN SAMOA: None to my knowledge ARIZONA: Michael Carlson (2003-2009; 3-9 victims) Shot dead his sister in Tucson in 2003, and later murdered a couple in Marana. Confessed to 9 murders in total, but his other victims, if there are any, haven't been found. Sentenced to death. ARKANSAS: Randy Gay (1978-2011; 3 victims) Murdered his father-in-law in 1978, served time and released. Murdered his father in 1991, released again. And finally, murdered a woman and dumped her body at Ouachita National Forest in 2011. Sentenced to death. CALIFORNIA: Pittsburg serial killer (1998-1999; 4 victims) Within a two-month period, four young women were killed in this little, tightly-knit community. It is believed that it's a work of a serial offender, and the Pittsburg police are searching for clues to catch him. Unidentified. COLORADO: Ronald Lee White (1987-1988; 3-16 victims) Murdered roommate and two other men in disputes/robberies, mostly surrounding Pueblo. Later confessed that he has killed 16 victims in total. Authorities believe that at least four cold cases around the state could be tied to him. Sentenced to life imprisonment. CONNECTICUT: Zackery Cody Franklin (2007-2011; 4 victims) Murdered four men around New Haven for mostly robbery purposes. Originally convicted for two homicides, later connected to the other two. Sentenced to life imprisonment. D.C.: Greg Brice (1994-1996; 4 victims) Shot two men in two separate instances for personal disputes. Escaped confinement in December 1995, and a few months later, murdered two men. Recaptured, and sentenced to long imprisonment terms. DELAWARE: James Gordy (unknown-1897; 1-4 victims) Battered his wife to death with an oar in 1897; suspected in the suspicious deaths of his father, ex-wife and their child. Executed in Georgetown in 1897. FLORIDA: Leon Holston (1964-1966; 4 victims) Murdered four young boys in Pompano Beach, while he himself was still a teenager. Sentenced to death, commuted to life imprisonment. GEORGIA: John Robinson (unknown-1901; 1-6 victims) Known as "The Colored Ripper", he was executed for the strangulation murder of a young black woman in Laurens County, whose body he viciously mutilated after. Five other similar murders were suspected to be his doing, but never proven. Executed in Dublin in 1902. GUAM: None to my knowledge HAWAII: Robert Mark Edwards (1986-1994; 2+ victims) Convicted of raping, robbing and murdering two female realtors, one in Los Alamitos, CA, and the other in Kihei, HI. The gap between his crimes, and their severity, leads me to believe he might have other victims, likely in California. Sentenced to death in California and life imprisonment in Hawaii. IDAHO: Gerald Pizzuto (1985; 4 victims) Murdered a woman and a man in Seattle, WA during robberies. Later moved to Boise, ID, where he murdered a couple in a remote cabin. Sentenced to death in Idaho. ILLINOIS: Michael A. Johnson, Jr. (2008-2010; 4 victims) Rapist who abused and murderd young women in Chicago. It's peculiar to note that he strangled them with a deformed right hand, which was missing three fingers. Sentenced to life imprisonment. INDIANA: Anna Cunningham (1918-1922; 5 victims) Poisoned her family members with arsenic in Gary. Sentenced to life imprisonment for one murder, but later paroled for unspecified reasons. Died a free woman in 1945. IOWA: Donald Piper (1993-1998; 2-4 victims) Hotel maintenance chief who stabbed and strangled two women in Des Moines, and is suspected of another two similar killings during that time period. Sentenced to life imprisonment. KANSAS: Mary Troy (1909; 3+ victims) Murdered at least three children in Topeka, all of whom were entrusted in her care. Possibly responsible for half a dozen similar deaths. Fate unknown. KENTUCKY: Michael Abner (1983-2010; 3 victims) Following his arrest for the stabbing death of an elderly man in Pulaski County, he confessed to two cold cases involving strangulation of old women, in 1983 and 1988. Sentenced to life imprisonment. LOUISIANA: Edward Augustine (2007-2011; 3 victims) Involved in a fatal car crash while driving a stolen vehicle in New Orleans, charges dismissed. Later, he and another man killed two men in Jefferson Parish. Rearrested and serving a 40-year prison term. MAINE: Constance Fisher (1954-1966; 6 victims) Mentally-ill woman who drowned six children, three each on two separate occassions, in Waterville. Confined to a mental hospital, but managed to escape and later drowned herself in the Kennebec River in 1973. MARYLAND: Patrick McCullough (1980-2001; 3 victims) Deaf man who murdered two employers (1980 and 1982) in Annapolis, and later his girlfriend in Waldorf (2001). After killing her, he shot himself through the head. MASSACHUSETTS: John Monteiro (2007-2010; 3 victims) Rhode Island man who murdered a man in Brockton in July 2007, and later shot a brother and sister to death. Sentenced to life imprisonment. MICHIGAN: Paul Harrington (1975-1999; 5 victims) Former Detroit police officer who shot his ex-wife and two children in 1975; sent to mental institution and released after two years. After living a relatively peaceful life for many years, he was fired from his job and stopped taking his medication, leading to him killing his new wife and son in 1999. Sentenced to life imprisonment. MINNESOTA: David Torgerson (1969-1973; 6+ victims) Murdered two Minneapolis women in 1969 on separate occassions, and later on, his wife, two children and the babysitter in Rochester. Suspected of more murders since the 1950s. Hanged himself before trial for killing his family. MISSISSIPPI: Columbus elderly murderer (1996-1998; 4-5 victims) In two years, five elderly people were murdered in Columbus. Three years ago, DNA evidence snatched a man named David Solomon Murray, from Pine Bluff, AR, as the killer of one of the victims, but we're yet to see if he's responsible for the others. Unresolved case. MISSOURI: John Wesley Robinson (1896-1913; 3 victims) Strangled a woman in St. Louis and later buried her corpse under the floorboards. Arrested, served 11 years and released. In 1913, he murdered his wife (April 11th) and his stepdaughter (May 17th), dismembering each body and burning the remains in the stove or burying them. Executed in Kansas City in 1915. MONTANA: Ah Yung (unknown-1883; 1-17) Chinese immigrant who murdered a paymaster in Missoula. Authorities suspected he killed a total of seventeen people (two white men and fifteen Chinese), but not much information is available about them. Executed in Missoula in 1883. NEBRASKA: Clarence Victor (1964-1988; 3 victims) Mentally-disabled man who murdered an elderly woman in her Omaha home. Had previous convictions for manslaughter and murder, in 1964 and 1976, respectively. Died in prison. NEVADA: Norman Flowers (2005; 3 victims) Las Vegas rapist who killed the daughter of a former girlfriend in March. Two months later, in the span of eight hours, he raped and strangled two women with a telephone cord. Sentenced to life imprisonment. NEW HAMPSHIRE: Craig Conkey (1991-1994; 3 victims) Killed two women in Lexington, MA, in 1992 and 1994. In 2012, admitted to fatally stabbing a New Hampshire university employee in 1991. Sentenced to life imprisonment. NEW JERSEY: Shiquan Bellamy (2010; 5 victims) Between February and April, murdered three men and a couple in Jersey City during robberies and an attempted carjacking. Sentenced to life imprisonment. NEW MEXICO: Clifton Bloomfield (2005-2008; 5 victims) Murdered five people around the state, including a couple. In 2018, he was aided in a prison escape by a guard, but was recaptured. Sentenced to life imprisonment. NEW YORK: Dmitriy Yakovlev (2003-2007; 3 victims) Russian immigrant who, together with his wife, killed three other Russian emigrants in Brooklyn so he could steal their possessions and bank cards, which he later sold off. Sentenced to life imprisonment. NORTH CAROLINA: Herman Allen (1930-1942; 4 victims) First murdered a boarder in his Johnston County home because he believed he was having an affair with his wife. Convicted of manslaughter and released 11 years later, still believing that people were oogling after his wife, he shot to death his wife, brother-in-law and a man he believed to have been courting her. Executed in 1942. NORTH DAKOTA: Floyd Tapson (1987-1996; 0-3+ victims) Suspected, but not convicted, in killing disabled women at group homes, two in MN (Moorhead and Wadena) and one in Grand Forks. Possibly responsible for similar murders in Baltimore, MD. Sentenced to 75 years for kidnapping in Montana. NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS: None to my knowledge OHIO: Oliver Crook Haugh (1890s-1905; 3-5+ victims) Doctor who murdered his parents and brother in Dayton, and was tied to at least two further murders of concubines in Lorraine and Chicago, IL. Many patients of his, spanning across multiple states dating back to 1890s, died in mysterious circumstances as well. He was also a childhood bully to none other than Wilbur Wright, of the Wright Brothers fame. Executed in 1907. OKLAHOMA: Wayne Garrison (1972-1989; 3 victims) Vicious killer of two toddlers (1972 and 1974) and a 13-year-old Tulsa boy in 1989, whose dismembered remains were found in a lake. His 1970s killings were done while he was still a child. Sentenced to death. OREGON: William Perry Jackson (1980s; 5+ victims) Murdered and robbed people around Portland, sometimes with accomplices. Escaped prison with a convicted bank robber, but later recaptured. Suspect in as many as 30 murders in Oregon and Washington State. Sentenced to life imprisonment. PENNSYLVANIA: Jermaine Burgess (2008: 2+ victims) Career criminal who robbed and murdered two elderly women in Ridley Township and Upper Darby (October 27th and November 10th, respectively). Authorities believe he has committed other murders as well. Sentenced to life imprisonment. PUERTO RICO: Ángel Colón Maldonado (1985-1987; 27 victims) Known as "The Angel of the Bachelors", he lured men for sexual favors, and after he was given various luxurious items, he killed his lovers. Fled to the continental states, but was quickly recaptured. Sentenced to life imprisonment. RHODE ISLAND: Jeffrey Mailhot (2003-2004; 3 victims) Known as "The Rhode Island Ripper", he strangled and then dismembered three prostitutes in his hometown of Woonsocket. Sentenced to life imprisonment. SOUTH CAROLINA: Joseph Ernest Atkins (1969-1986; 3 victims) Shot his brother in North Charleston in 1969. Sentenced to life imprisonment, but his father pleaded for his release, and he was paroled in 1980. Six years later, as an act of gratitude, he shot his father and a 13-year-old neighbor on October 27, 1986. Executed in 1999. SOUTH DAKOTA: Rapid City Creek Drownings (1998-2000; 0-11+ victims) Suspicious deaths of homeless men in Rapid City, six of whom were Native Americans. They stopped just as mysteriously as they began, and authorities believe that they were possibly murdered by a serial offender who might've moved away, presumably to Denver, CO. Unsolved. TENNESSEE: Michael Mullins (1999-2012; 3+ victims) Career criminal and serial rapist who beat and strangled elderly women in Memphis. Strong possibility of additional murders and assaults committed by him. Sentenced to life imprisonment. TEXAS: Tommy Lee Stewart (1971-1986; 3 victims) Abducted and killed a woman in Waco in 1971. Released from prison in 1986 and moved to Port Arthur, where he later murdered a mother and child. Sentenced to life imprisonment. U.S. Virgin Islands: St. Croix Voodoo Poisonings (1984-1988; 5 victims) Five people were poisoned in St. Croix with cyanide, in what appears to be ritualistic slayings. Police suspect a conman, posing as an 'obeah man' (a type of shaman), to be behind the murders. Unsolved. UTAH: Thomas Noffsinger (1989-1990; 3 victims) Strangled and raped two women two months apart in Millcreek and Sandy, and later stabbed a Salt Lake City chef to death in 1990. Sentenced to life imprisonment. VERMONT: Gary Lee Schaefer (1979-1983; 3+ victims) Springfield automechanic who raped and strangled three girls in his hometown. At one time suspected to be responsible for other murders, but this hasn't been proven so far. Sentenced to life imprisonment. VIRGINIA: Walter Cotton and Brandt O'Grady (1898-1900; in the dozens, couldn't determine exact number) An unlikely pair considering the time period (black man and Irish immigrant) who robbed and murdered people around the state, mostly around Emporia. Both were lynched at Greensville by an angry mob in 1900. WASHINGTON: Donna Perry (1990; 3 victims) Known as "The .22 Caliber Killer", who killed three prostitutes in Seattle between February and March 1990. Interestingly, Perry is one of the few known transsexual SKs on record, committing the murders when she still identified as a man. Sentenced to life imprisonment. WEST VIRGINIA: Joseph Eisele (1867; 3 victims) German/Swiss immigrant known as 'The Parkersburg Murderer' who murdered three fellow immigrants for robbery purposes across the state between June and December. Interestingly, another self-confessed SK, Thomas D. Carr, admitted to being his accomplice in one murder, but this was unsubstantiated. Executed in Parkersburg in 1868. WISCONSIN: Alvin Taylor (1985-1988; 4 victims) Nightclub singer who murdered three men in Dunn and Eau Claire Counties, as well as one in the state of Minnesota. Sentenced to psychiatric treatment. WYOMING: Rawlins Rodeo Murders (1974; 4 victims) Over the summer, four young girls disappeared from rodeos in the small town of Rawlins. Only one body was found nine years later in Sinclair, while the others remain missing and are presumed dead. Royal Russell Long, a convicted kidnapper additionally suspected of killing two Oklahoma girls in the 1980s, is the prime suspect, although some theorize Ted Bundy might've been involved. Unsolved.
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2020.08.26 21:48 NamNguyen56 My father is counting on you

My father is counting on you


My father is counting on you
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Donald Trump Jr. [email protected] Unsubscribe
Wed, Aug 26 at 12:10 PM
Trump Pence Make America Great Again
Nam,
Did you watch my speech the other night?
Joe Biden and Kamala Harris are the most RADICAL presidential ticket in HISTORY. If they win, we can say goodbye to the American way of life as we know it.
My father has set a MASSIVE fundraising goal for the week and he’s counting on his TOP supporters, like YOU, to make sure we CRUSH it. If you step up before MIDNIGHT TONIGHT, your gift will be 600%-MATCHED.
Nam, the truth is, we need to amass a HUGE war chest if we’re going to win in November and we can’t do it without you.
Please contribute ANY AMOUNT RIGHT NOW to help us CRUSH our goal and your gift will be 600%-MATCHED. >>
DEADLINE: 11:59 PM TONIGHT
CONTRIBUTE $42 = $294
CONTRIBUTE $250 = $1750
CONTRIBUTE $100 = $700
CONTRIBUTE $50 = $350
CONTRIBUTE $42 = $294
CONTRIBUTE ANY AMOUNT
With you by his side, my father beat the Russian Collusion Delusion, he beat the Impeachment WITCH HUNT - now all that’s left to do is beat Slow Joe and Phony Kamala.
I’m sending him a list of every Patriot who contributes TODAY - will he see your name?
Please contribute ANY AMOUNT by 11:59 PM TONIGHT for a 600%-MATCH and to get on the donor list I give my father.
Thank you,
Donald Trump Jr. Signature Headshot Donald Trump Jr.
CONTRIBUTE $42 = $294
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